Practical Strategies for Enrollment Management Cheryl Brown, Director of Admissions Peter J. Partell, Director of Institutional Research Binghamton University State University of New York June 2001 Todays Activities Introduction Why get involved? Old and new models Definitions
Tools (Practical Stuff) Introductions Name and Institutional Affiliation What are your primary tasks related to enrollment management? Why are you interested in EM? Why Institutional Researchers Should Care About Enrollment Management A way to contribute to one of your colleges or universitys primary strategic goals.
It allows you another avenue to be involved in influencing policy and decision making on campus. It is interesting and fun (read stressful and anxietyproducing). Traditional Model - The Islands Independent Offices sometimes working on common goals, sometimes not. Admissions Financial Aid Student Services Institutional Research Faculty/Deans, etc.
Traditional Model Examples of working on conflicting goals: 1. Admissions wants to bring in the right number of new students. They may not be doing this with an eye towards student retention. 2. Financial aid interested in access and making sure new students have need met. This may conflict with Admissions if they have goals pertaining to quality and quantity. Traditional Model-More Examples 3.
Orientation office interested in registering students for courses and not concerned with summer melt (securing fall enrollments). Institutional Research can provide the analytic focus that gets all of these offices working toward common goals. Why? Institutional Research Already does (or could do)
Research to support marketing admissions analyses financial analysis (tuition discounting, revenue/enrollment projections) alumni satisfaction surveys
Outcomes assessment cohort analyses (retention/ graduation) student opinions/attitudes surveys evaluating program effectiveness These are all related to enrollment management The Continent of Enrollment Management A
holistic view for the institution. Definitions of Enrollment Management Enrollment management is an organizational concept and a systematic set of activities designed to enable educational institutions to exert more influence over their student enrollments. Organized by strategic planning and supported by institutional research, enrollment management activities concern student college choice, transition to college, student attrition and retention, and student outcomes. --Don Hossler
Definitions of Enrollment Management Enrollment management is the coordinated effort of a college or university to influence the size and characteristics of the institutions student body... enrollment is managed through a variety of strategies including admissions, pricing, financial aid, and advising. Well designed and well executed institutional research is the key to successful enrollment management.--Craig Clagett Goals of Enrollment Management (from Dixon 1995) Define
the institutions nature and characteristics, using both objective and subjective techniques Incorporate into marketing plans and activities all relevant campus sectors, making sure that all parties recognize that institutional goals are being served Rebecca Dixon: Goals Make strategic decisions about the role and amount of financial aid needed to attract and retain the right students, making certain that this expense serves the institutions
goals Make the appropriate commitment of human, monetary, and technological resources Who does EM in the new world? Admissions Housing Financial Orientation Aid Student Services
Institutional Research Faculty/Deans, etc. Career Development Groundskeepers Campus Police Athletics University Relations Registrar Alumni Relations Cafeteria Workers
and so on and so on... Lets skip to the practical part... How do you do Enrollment Management? Chances are, you are already doing some of it, remember these? Research to support Outcomes assessment
How do you do Enrollment Management? The key is to use the data that you currently have at your disposal and look at it in different ways. Analyses need to be guided by your institutions strategic plan so that all the offices involved work towards the same goals. Identify the Strategic Goals of Your Institution Increase
enrollment revenue? Improve quality? Change demographics? (diversity geographic and race ethnic, talent, programs, schools, nontraditional, traditional, e-learners, freshmen, transfer, graduate, etc.) Goals have to be aligned with the reality of your campus - can your institution support the students it is trying to attract? How do you do Enrollment Management? Example: Uxs strategic goals include increasing enrollment while maintaining quality and selectivity. What sorts of indicators are going to be important to their enrollment management activities?
Yield Rates Understanding yield in the context of quality Where can we find more high quality students? Understanding retention -- recruiting efforts wasted if we do not retain the new students we enroll. The Enrollment Funnel Feed your funnel-Identify markets with potential students IRs Role in Enrollment Management
Spearhead analysis, reporting, and data collection that is about how to move prospective students (and then students) through the various stages of the enrollment funnel. You can help tie the campus together Some Tools: EPS - Enrollment Planning
Service CIRP - Cooperative Institutional Research Program Alumni Surveys (e.g., AOS) Student Opinion Surveys (e.g.., SOS) College Board -- Admitted Student Questionnaire, Admitted Class Evaluation Service National Student
Clearinghouse Surveys (e.g., US News, Kiplingers, Wired) and articles -- What are they saying about your institution? Campus data files Others that we have missed? Building Your Inquiry Pool: Feeding Your Funnel You cant enroll without adequate inquiries. As there is
pressure to grow, the inquiry pool must be large enough to sustain the growth. This is true by market segment. Example -- Our goal for Engineering School was set too high because we asked only half the questions - can you teach more students? Should also have looked at the funnel. Build Inquiries based on the segments you would like to enroll and their fit with your institution - what do you know about who succeeds? (grades, retention, etc.) Feeding Your Funnel (continued) Identifying Target Markets Result will assist in deciding which names to buy, places to
travel, ads to place -- using resources most effectively. Analyses aimed at shaping your inquiry pool to ultimately enroll the students that meet your strategic goals. Sources to tap: High school market research (identify target schools that graduate the types of students you want) Population projections (e.g., high school grads by state) Local data bases (identify feeder high schools or community colleges)
Prospects/Name buys (e.g., ETS, Phi Theta Kappa, etc.) . U.S. Census High School Market Research For example, EPS allows you to locate areas of the country where there are pockets of students, based on the factors you choose, e.g., SAT, high school GPA, income, location, migration patterns Factoid: Nationally 59% of freshmen are from within 100 mile radius of the campus they attend - is this true on your campus? Do you know? Selected Cities Within a 300-Mile Radius of Binghamton University
3 les Mi 0 0 0 20 es Mil VT 100
s Mile Rochester B uffalo NH Syracuse NY MA BU CT
Boston W orcester Providence Cleveland Brid geport Akron PA RI Newark Pittsburgh
NJ OH Philadelphia MD B altimo re W ash ington VA DE
Locations of Targeted High Schools (Based on # of Students w/1200+ SAT, Considering Out-of-State Colleges, etc.) New York Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island Pennsylvania Ohio 0
50 100 miles New Jersey Maryland Legend Delaware NJ-10 Bergen Co. MD-2 Montgomery Metro CT-5 Hartford&Tolland Co.
NJ-6 Somerset & Mercer Co. Virginia PA-4 Montgomery Co. PA-10 Southern PA (East) PA-12 Allegheny Co. OH-6 Northeast Ohio (Note: High School Locatios are Based on the "Centroid" of the ZIP Code in which the School Resides Segmenting Targeted Markets Buy names from the markets you identified based on how you choose to segment them
(again, strategic goals) Examples may include - gender, geography, income, schools/programs, race/ethnic and socio-economic diversity, SAT/ACT Scores, GPA Personalized mass communication Mining Local Databases Now that you know your target markets - can your alumni help (cover recruitment programs, meet with students, etc.)? Mine your alumni database where do they live? Feeder schools Understanding which schools give you the highest
numbers of students and which could give you more analyze through the lens of the funnel Shape the message to each high school (CIRP ASQ) Turning Inquiries Into Applicants: Qualifying Your Inquiry Pool Are you collecting inquiry data? Are you collecting appropriate/useful inquiry data? How interested is the student? How often and in what form have they inquired? Inquiry Source - self-initiated v. school initiated - Would you expect there to be a difference? Early indicators of the quality of the student - self report gpa, psat
score, etc. What are your yield rates based on inquiry type? May want to use multivariate analysis, such as logistic regression (are there interactive effects?) Whats the dependent variable? Distribution of student interest Least likely to enroll at your school no
matter what you do. Influence C A B Students falling in this area will not enroll unless the institution does something to influence their decision. Most likely to enroll at your school
no matter what you do. Turning Inquiries into Applicants - Marketing Understanding why students apply. What they respond to (Academic Programs, Financial Aid and Scholarships, etc.) Who does not apply and why? Who are your competitors? Again, may vary by your target groups!!! How do students learn about colleges? Data on success, strengths, e.g., grad rates, placement rates, surveys, rankings, USP,etc.
Understanding who will persist or succeed. Which inquiries are the most promising? Arm your admissions recruiters to the teeth. Competitors Sample of data from Enrollment Search (National Student Clearinghouse) Institution frequency Percent Brandeis University 10 0.7 Cornell University-Arts 17 1.2
Cornell University-Agr/unclassified 21 1.5 Cornell University-Eng./Arch/IRL/ 27 2 Long Island U.-CW Post 30 2.1 New York University 43 3.1 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 18 1.3
Remember: Your competitors are likely to be different for different types of students Turning Applicants into Admitted Students Who should be offered admission to shape your class (strategic goals of size, quality, diversity, etc. ) -- projection, projections, projections. Example: Always tuned to the quality of our freshmen, yet our forecasting of yield did not involve quality at all -- only school of application -- our actions were not in synch with one of our strategic goals.
Admissions Index College qualification -- often based on combination of high school performance (GPA, Rank, etc) test scores (SAT, ACT, TOEFL) rigor of high school coursework (AP?) applicants interest in attending? (see Wall St. Journal 5/29/2001). Why Use an Admissions Index? to influence the size and characteristics of the institutions student body - Claggett
It ties your strategic goals to you admissions decisions because what you put in it, should be what matters to your institution. Aids in more consistent admission decisions across counselors. Gives you a more accurate yield analyses/class projection. Allows for the control and tracking of the students you want. If you are making competitive offers, you have to analyze the supply and demand.
Turning Offers into Enrolled Students: Analyses to Assist with Yield What do we mean by yield? -- deposits versus enrollment - which should you use? General rule: the more refined your look at the yield data, the better able you are to directly impact your strategic goals [Go to spreadsheet example] Be careful that analysis not too refined so as numbers are too small to be meaningful. Enroll (yield) Turning
offers into enrolled students. Financial Aid Who you can and cant impact How much money it takes to affect a students decision. Monitoring deposits: melt rates Financial Aid and Yield High Q High Need Low Need #
#not enrolled enrolled % need % need met met Avg $ Avg $ Low Q Enroll (yield) Deposit Analysis - monitor deposit rates to determine whether youre on track to yield the class (Summers are hot, whos melting?) One last point on yield
Segmented Marketing Messages Unique Selling points Data made sexy - IR as PR defining your image defining your message using data to reinforce your image Analyzing and Supporting Retention Identify who left and why - use data! Do not rely on conventional wisdom Example - IUT denials leave - internal pressure was based on conventional wisdom - data didnt support
Analysis may incorporate: National Student Clearinghouse Surveys (homegrown, CIRP, SOS - verify reliability - Recent SOS Results) Exit Interviews/Focus Groups Look at impact of financial aid Look for courses - Killer Courses Analyzing and Supporting Retention Identify
who stays and why - analyze your satisfaction ratings, your alumni surveys. Benchmark your results against peer norms Provide the right people with the data to help them build on institutional strengths (read satisfaction) and take steps to address institutional weaknesses. Conclusion Enrollment Management is at the heart of success for every type of institution Analysis of data provides the keys to successful enrollment management Who has the potential to impact data
collection, analysis, and dissemination to the people who make decisions: Institutional Researchers Become Conclusion the campus expert on the available tools Analyze data with an eye towards marketing and PR and the enrollment funnel Work to develop and support a campus culture of shared information and shared goal setting Be recognized as THE resource for enrollment management expertise Insist that IR is at the table when key decisions are
made. Conclusion Knowledge is Power! Thank you! Contact us: Cheryl Brown Director of Admissions [email protected] Peter J. Partell Director of Institutional Research [email protected] Binghamton University State University of New York
June 2001 Resources CIRP Freshman Survey Offered by HERI CIRP Cooperative Institutional Research Program Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) Graduate School of Education & Information Studies University of California, Los Angeles 3005 Moore Hall, Box 951521 Phone: (310) 825-1925 Fax: (310) 206-2228 E-Mail: [email protected] Website: http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/heri.html -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Alumni Outcomes Survey & Student Opinion Survey Both offered by ACT ACT - American College Testing American College Testing 2201 North Dodge Street P.O. Box 168
Iowa City, Iowa 52243-0168 Phone: (319) 337-1000 Website: www.act.org Resources The Enrollment Planning Service (EPS) and Admitted Student Questionnaire (ASQ) are offered by the College Board Middle States Regional Office 3440 Market St. Suite 410 Philadelphia, Pa 19104-3338 Phone: 215-387-7600 Fax: 215-387-5805 www.collegeboard.org The contact information for ETS is: Corporate Headquarters
Educational Testing Service Rosedale Road Princeton, NJ 08541 USA (609) 921-9000 FAX: 609-734-5410 E-mail:mo:[email protected] www.ets.org Resources National Student Clearinghouse: National Student Clearinghouse 2191 Fox Mill Road, Suite 300 Herndon, VA 20171-3019 Phone: (703) 742-7791 Fax: (703) 742-7792 Email: [email protected]
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