Florida Department of Children and Families March 11, 2009 Christopher Zubowicz, Attorney Advisor Office for Civil Rights, Office of Justice Programs $ Civil Rights Obligation s
Obligation of State Administering Agency As will be discussed later in the presentation, it is the responsibility of a State Administering Agency to ensure that its sub grantees are complying with all applicable federal civil rights laws The Office for Civil Rights Enforces Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Program Statutes (e.g., Safe Streets Act,
Victims of Crime Act, JJDPA) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Age Discrimination Act of 1975 Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 Protected Classes Race Color National Origin Religion Sex
Disability Age Definitions All aspects of religious practice as well as belief 42 USC 2000e(j) Includes sincerely held moral or ethical beliefs 29 CFR 1605.1 Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964
No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. Title VI Prohibits Providing different services to individuals Denying the opportunity to participate as a member of a
planning or advisory body Selecting the location of a facility with the purpose or effect of excluding individuals Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (OJP Program Statute) No person in any State shall on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of,
or be subjected to discrimination under or denied employment in connection with any programs or activity funded in whole or in part with funds made available under this chapter. Victims of Crime Act No person shall on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, handicap, or sex be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, subjected to discrimination under, or denied employment in connection with,
any undertaking funded in whole or in part with sums made available under this chapter. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Handicapped person means any person who has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities
has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 A recipient with 50 or more employees and receiving Federal financial assistance from the Justice Department of $25,000 or more must
designate a Section 504 compliance coordinator adopt grievance procedures notify program participants, beneficiaries, applicants, employees, unions, organizations with collective bargaining agreements, that
recipient does not discriminate on the basis of disability ADA & 504 Resources The ADA Technical Assistance Program provides direct, free information and technical assistance Comprehensive Website (www.ada.gov) Toll-Free Information Line Voice 800-414-0301; TTY 800-514-0383 Outreach Initiatives Technical Assistance Resources
Safe Streets Act, JJDPA, & VOCA prohibit discrimination in Employment Practices Delivery of Services Thinking about services discrimination: Is there funding subject to Title VI, Section 504, Safe Streets Act, or
other Program Statute? Does the delivery of services involve a Protected Class? Is a Protected Class receiving unequal treatment? Example: A Police Department receives OJP funds. The PD does not have a device to
respond to emergency calls from deaf residents. Deaf residents do not receive the same access as others to police services. The applicant also specifically assures and certifies that: 6. It will comply (and will require any sub grantees or contractors to comply) with any applicable statutorilyimposed nondiscrimination requirements, which may include the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3789d); the Victims of Crime Act
(42 U.S.C. 10604(e)) ; the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 5672(b); the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d); the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794); the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12131-34); the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681, 1683, 1685-86); and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101-07); see Ex. Order 13279 (equal protection of the laws for faithbased and community organizations). These nondiscrimination requirements include: In the event a Federal or State court or Federal or State
administrative agency makes a FINDING OF DISCRIMINATION after a due process hearing on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, sex or disability against a recipient of funds, the recipient will forward a copy of the finding to the Office for Civil Rights, Office of Justice Programs. The recipient will provide an EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY PLAN if required to maintain one, where the application is for $500,000 or more. OJPs Civil Rights Enforcement EEOPs (Equal Employment Opportunity Plans)
Complaints Findings Compliance Reviews Obligation of State Administering Agency (SAA) An SAA must monitor its subgrantees compliance with civil rights laws. An SAA should have written procedures for receiving discrimination complaints from its employees and beneficiaries and from employees and beneficiaries of its subrecipients. At a
minimum, the procedures should involve referring each complaint to the appropriate agency for investigation and resolution, and notifying the Office for Civil Rights of this referral. FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS Government agencies must remove barriers for FBOs applying for aid Government agencies providing financial assistance must not discriminate either in favor of or against FBOs
DOJ Regulations issued for FBO guidance, Jan. 2004 FBOs must not use Federal funding to advance inherently religious activities FBOs may not discriminate against beneficiaries based on religion or religious belief Funded FBOs do not forfeit Title VIIs exemption from religious discrimination in employment. Some Department programs, however, contain independent statutory provisions requiring that all
grantees agree not to discriminate in employment on the basis of religion. Accordingly, grantees should consult with the appropriate Department program office to determine the scope of any applicable requirements. 28 CFR 38.1(f) & 38.2(f) Certificate of Exemption DOJ has determined that on a case-by-case basis, the Religious Freedom Restoration Act may allow Grantee FBOs to hire based on religion. An FBO must certify: It will offer all federally-funded services to all qualified
beneficiaries; Inherently religious activities will be voluntary and kept separate from federally-funded activities; and It is a religious organization that sincerely believes that abandoning its religious hiring practice in order to receive federal funding would substantially burden its religious exercise. Do FBOs need to have 501(c) (3) tax status to receive funding? Answer: NO* * One Exception: nonprofits funded
under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act Ways for Applicant FBOs to Prove Nonprofit Status IRS recognizes as 501(c)(3) Statement from State taxing body or State Secretary of State certifying (a) organization is nonprofit operating within State; and (b) No part of the organizations net earnings may lawfully benefit any private shareholder or individual
Certified copy of certificate of incorporation or similar document establishing nonprofit status Any of the above, if it applies to a State or national parent organization, with a statement by the State or parent organization that the applicant is a local nonprofit affiliate L imited E English P proficiency National Origin Discrimination Includes discrimination on the basis
of Limited English Proficiency (LEP). A Limited English Proficient (LEP) person has a first language other than English and a limited ability to read, write, speak, or understand English. To avoid discrimination against LEP persons, recipients must Take reasonable steps to ensure meaningful
access to the programs, services, and information the recipients provide, free of charge. Establish and implement policies and procedures for language assistance services that provide LEP persons with meaningful access. What are reasonable steps? Four Factor Analysis The number or proportion of LEP persons served or encountered in the eligible service population. The frequency with which LEP individuals
come in contact with the program. The nature and importance of the program, activity, or service provided by the program. The resources available to the recipient. What are language services? Provide oral language services and Provide
translation of written materials Insure Interpreter Competency Usually family members, friends, and uncertified co-workers are not appropriate. Safe Harbor Provision If 5% or 1,000 (whichever is less) of population is LEP, VITAL documents must be translated
However, if 5% represents fewer than 50, then written notice of free written translation upon request must be provided). What should a written LEP Policy have? Five Elements A process for identifying LEP persons who need language assistance Information about the available language assistance measures
Training for staff Notice to LEP persons Monitoring and updating the policy LEP What is an EEOP? Comprehensive document which analyzes: an agencys workforce in comparison to its relevant labor market data all agency employment practices to
determine their impact on the basis of race, sex, or national origin A tool used to identify possible problem areas where discrimination may be occurring Does an agency have to prepare an EEOP? Depends on . . . Funding (Safe Streets Act, VOCA, or JJDPA) Status of Organization (e.g.,
nonprofit) Amount of single award Number of employees Entity Type Number of Dollar Employees Amount Submit EEOP to OCR
Preparation and/ or Certif. Required Assurance Required N0 YES YES the Certifying
entity type YES YES N0 YES Certifying YES less than $25,000
YES YES N0 YES Certifying less than 50 employees YES
YES YES prepare and Certify EEOP is on file for review YES YES YES
YES Educational, Medical, Nonprofit, or Indian Tribe Does not matter Does
not matter State or Local Govts. & ForProfit Orgs. Does not matter Less than $25,000
State or Local Govts. & ForProfit Orgs. Less than 50 Does not matter State or Local
Govts. & ForProfit Orgs. 50 or more $25,000 or more but less than $500,000 N0 State or Local Govts. & ForProfit Orgs.
50 or more $500,000 or more for one grant YES N0 Send
Findings Preparing an EEOP Step-by-step instructions for preparing an EEOP Short Form online at www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ocr. For technical assistance, contact Deborah Cooper, Equal Opportunity Assistant, at (202) 616-3208 Self-Assessment What was one highlight from todays presentation on the
application of civil rights laws to recipients of Federal financial assistance? What is one new piece of information that you will take back with you to your work? Office for Civil Rights (202) 307-0690 TTY (202) 307-2027 www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ocr
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