Verbs & Subject/Verb Agreement

Verbs & Subject/Verb Agreement Verbs A verb expresses action or a state of being. Action verbs take direct objects. Example: Jack hit the ball. Hit is the action. Ball receives the action. State-of-being verbs link the subject with a noun which follows the verb Example: John is president. John and

president are the same people. Verbs State-of-being verbs also link the subject with an adjective. Example: Mary is pretty. Mary is the subject. Pretty is the adjective that refers to Mary. Other sensory or intransitive verbs are as follows: taste, smell, sound, feel, look, grow, become, appear, seem

Verbs A verb phrase is a main verb plus one or more helping verbs. The helping verb, or verbs, may be separated from the main verb. Helping verbs are also called auxiliary verbs. Example: He was riding his bike home. was riding is the verb phrase; was is the helping verb The helping verbs are: have, do, shall, will, may, can, must, ought, and any of their forms.

Example: be and derived forms: am, is, are, was, were, been, being Verbs The tense of a verb refers to the time of the action or state of being. The six verb tenses: Present- I walk, he walks Past- I walked, he walked Future- I shall walk, he will walk

Present perfect- I have walked, he has walked Past perfect- I had walked, he had walked Future perfect- I shall have walked Verbs A direct object receives the action of the verb and names who or what was acted upon. Example: He opened the window. (The direct object is window.) An indirect object is the person or thing to which

or for which the action is done. It often comes between the verb and direct object. Example: Please give me an orange. (The indirect object is me. There is also a direct object, orange.) Subject & Predicate A sentence must have a subject and a predicate. The subject of a sentence is a noun or noun equivalent together with all its modifiers, about which something is said.

Examples: My sister made a cake. (My sister is the complete subject.) The little white kitten lapped up the milk. (The little white kitten is the complete subject.) The simple subject is the main word or words: sister, kitten Subject & Predicate A sentence must have a subject and a predicate. The predicate of a sentence is a verb, together

with all its modifiers, that defines the action of state or the subject. Examples: The orchestra played marches. (The complete predicate is played marches.) The complete predicate is the main verb with its modifiers. The simple predicate is the main verb: played Subject & Predicate A compound subject has two or more subjects connected

by a conjunction. All of the subjects have the same predicate. A compound predicate has two or more predicates connected by a conjunction. All of the predicates have the same subject. Examples: The doctor and the nurse treated the patient. (The compound subject is doctor and nurse.) The patient will leave the hospital today and return tomorrow. (The compound predicate is will leave and return.)

Subject-Verb Agreement A subject must agree in number and person with its verb. Verb forms that require careful use are: is, are, was, were; has, have; and the third person present tense of many verbs. Examples: The baby is asleep. (singular subject, singular verb) They are asleep. (plural subject, plural verb)

Subject-Verb Agreement NOTE: Intervening words between the subject and the verb do not affect the number or person of the verb. They, together with the baby, are asleep. (plural subject) The baby, with his brothers and sisters, is asleep. (singular subject)

Subject-Verb Agreement Compound subjects can be joined by and, or, nor If joined by and, two or more nouns are treated as a plural subject. If joined by or/nor, the verb agrees in person and number with the subject nearer to it. Subject-Verb Agreement Examples: Ann and Betty go to that school.

(plural Ann and Betty) Either you or he was making noise. (singular: he) Either he or you were making noise. (plural: you) Neither Jim nor Al is going. (singular: Al) Neither she nor the teachers are coming. (plural: teachers) Subject-Verb Agreement Indefinite pronouns are either singular or plural depending on meaning.

Examples: each, one, anyone, everyone: usually singular Both, few, many, several: usually plural

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Title


    Broad review of the OGC Geospatial and Temporal Extensions & OGC Extensions for EO documents in summer 2013 with ESIP OpenSearch implementers; Comments given to the CEOS OpenSearch team who submitted it to ESA (who funded the spec author). Most...
  • Pengantar Logika & Algoritma

    Pengantar Logika & Algoritma

    Pengantar Logika & Algoritma Ali Ridho Barakbah Tita Karlita
  • Understanding and Intervening on Behavior: A Behavior ...

    Understanding and Intervening on Behavior: A Behavior ...

    Choosing a Reinforcer Preference Assessments are important Index Card Forced Choice Preference Assessment Hierarchy of Reinforcers Free play observation Interviews Understanding satiation/ deprivation Functional Analysis Direct changes are made in the environment to test the hypothesis or summary statements.
  • Payroll Integration Product Training

    Payroll Integration Product Training

    Tool for 1094/1095 Reporting. Track and categorize your employees. Import health plan enrollment data. Calculate affordability & monthly FTE. Generate and send 1094-C & 1095-C reports. What Else is Included? An interactive guide to help navigate the process step-by -step....

    Systolic thrill. S3. ... Usually Systolic <90mmHg. Anerobic function and lactate. SIRS - Systemic inflammatory response syndrome. 2 of following. Temperature >36, <38. HR above 90bpm. WCC Above 12 or below 4. RR >20bpm OR decreased PaCO2 <4.3. Sepsis
  • 8K Lesson 4 Refraction -

    8K Lesson 4 Refraction -

    An accelerometer is attached securely to the trolley, using sellotape. Bubble wrap is used to create crumple zones of different thicknesses that are attached to the front of the trolley one at a time. The car is rolled down a...
  • Archetypes: Recognizing Patterns in Literature

    Archetypes: Recognizing Patterns in Literature

    DEVIL FIGURE—evil incarnate; offers worldly goods, fame, or knowledge to the hero in exchange for possession of the soul CREATURE OF NIGHTMARES- Animal or creature disfigured or mutilated, monsters who are the antagonists in the story. Now, take what you...
  • National CAP Briefing Maj Gen Joseph Vazquez CAP

    National CAP Briefing Maj Gen Joseph Vazquez CAP

    The new TLC Basic Course is a 1-day session for adults who want to assist with the local Cadet Program. The "old" program required two days' effort, so a shorter course should make the program more accessible to working adults....