Unit 2 Part C Early Canadian History Economic Empowerment Vikings In LAnse aux Meadows (on the North coast of Newfoundland) there was evidence found of an early Norsemen or Viking settlement that dates back to the 1000. This settlement was the result of Viking expansion and exploration from their homeland.
LAnse aux Meadows Newfoundland Vikings The trip was made in a type of ship called a longboat that used a combination of sails and oars for locomotion. These were not comfortable and offered little protection from the sea. The passage to Newfoundland was a dangerous one.
Vikings Once they arrived in Newfoundland they found that they could not peacefully coexist with the Beothuk native group and left after conflict in 1011. A Little Beothuk History The
following 3 slides are very brief history of the Beothuk. No need for notes just read or listen via the link provided. Shawnadithit The Beothuk The Beothuk First Nation lived on the island of Newfoundland and the coast of
Labrador. This nation had the misfortune of being the first indigenous group to have prolonged contact with Europeans. The first encounter took place around 1,000 AD with the Vikings. The Norse attempted to establish permanent settlements on Vinland (Newfoundland). However, when the Vikings refused to trade iron weapons to the local Beothuk war erupted between the two peoples. Thereafter, the Vikings abandoned settlement of the New World altogether. Europeans returnedthis time the Englishby the early 17th Century. Wisely the Beothuk did not trust the English anymore than the Norwegians. Many Beothuk were captured by slave traders and hauled away to Europe. Once the Beothuk (and indigenous North Americans in general) demonstrated their unsuitability for slavery (they quickly died of exposure to disease while in Europe) they were hunted for sport by English colonists. Since there weren't enough Beothuk to force the English out, they responded by building their settlements in the remote interior of Newfoundland. This
alleviated the situation for a while; however, the English occupied the best places for fishing and hunting. Inevitably, the two civilizations were bound to clash again and clash they did: by the early 1800s there were fewer than 20 Beothuk left alive. The last remaining survivor was a woman who called herself Shawnadithit. http://www.vcanada2.com/section_1/1.1fivenationsandbeothuk.htm Shawnadithit In 1823, Shawnadithit, and her mother and sister, were found on the verge of starvation by English trappers. The trappers rescued the three women and took them to St. John's. After recovering the women were
returned to Exploits Bay where they had originally been found. Shortly thereafter, Shawnadithit's mother and sister died of tuberculosis. Alone and unsure of what else to do, she walked back to the English colony. She was taken in as a nurse-maid by John Peyton and renamed "Nancy". An amateur ethnologist and anthropologist, William Cormack founded the "Beothuk Institution" in an attempt to educate the world about the dying Beothuk culture. By the time he established his institution (October 2, 1827) the people he intended to study had all but vanished; that is, until he heard of Shawnadithit. Cormack had Shawnadithit brought to him so she could supply him with first hand information about the culture, history, and society of the "Red Indians of Newfoundland." By the time Shawnadithit arrived at Cormack's she was already dying of tuberculosis. In a race against
time, Cormack attempted to teach her English. However, her English was so bad that she would've made Evgeni Malkin sound like William Shakespeare in comparison. So with no alternative Cormack was forced to rely on her simple drawings to put together the history of the Beothuk. http://www.vcanada2.com/section_1/1.1fivenationsandbeothuk.htm A Little Beothuk History In 1810, the governor of Newfoundland attempted to make friendly contact with the Beothuk. He sent Captain David Buchan to establish friendly relations with the natives. Despite their legendary shyness and fear of the whites, Buchan somehow managed to find a Beothuk hunting
party and have a good visit. The initial meeting went quite smoothly. The English and Beothuk, through gestures, managed to make an agreement to meet again. As a gesture of good will, Buchan left two of his buddies with the hunters while he returned to the settlement in order to bring back things to trade. The good feeling quickly faded away as the Beothuk began to wonder if it had not been a mistake to let Buchan go. The Beothuk decided to leave but before going they killed the two Englishmen. Perhaps in Beothuk culture the killing of guests could be considered as a gesture of good will? If this was the case, the English were indeed quite culturally insensitive. Needless to say, the English certainly didn't share the Beothuk's outlook and the mutual hostility resumed. Approximately nine years after the incident, Newfoundland's new governor offered a substantial reward to anyone who could bag a "red indian" dead or
alive. http://www.vcanada2.com/section_1/1.1fivenationsandbeothuk.htm Beginning about 1500 AD, Europeans begin arriving in North America. Europeans came from a variety of nations & cultures but many of their
economic ideas were similar. Needs and wants: Europeans left their homes for the promise of land and natural resources. Something only the very wealthy could afford in Europe Question: What North American natural resources were many Europeans hoping to
get rich with? Production: Until the 1700s Europeans made most things by hand. Some people specialized in one skill so each village had a blacksmith, cobbler, mason etc. Many of these skills came in very handy when the Europeans arrived in North America
Distribution: The European system was based on the idea that if you owned land or a resource you had the right to make as much profit from it as you could. If you wanted something you paid money for it. If you made extra you could sell it. Most of the Europeans came with the idea to recreate their society in North America Question: How are the Native and
European systems similar and different? First Nations & Inuit European Settlers Needs & Wants Production Distribution Unit 2 Part C Early Canadian History
RAZ KIDS REPORTS - computer printouts personalized for each student denoting when the book was read, level of book, whether the book was read or listened to, comprehension score, and which questions were missed based on skill. CARS (Comprehensive. Assessment...
On DA Forms 2166-9-1 and 2166-9-2, the rater will enter bullet comments addressing the rated NCO's performance as it relates to adherence to the Army Values, Warrior Ethos / Service Ethos, Discipline, and SHARP/EO/EEO. As mentioned previously, the rater will...
Quantum Mechanics Terry A. Ring University of Utah Movement of the Electron around the Nucleus Time Dependent Time Independent Spherical Coordinates Three Part Solution Energy of the electron Wave Functions Probability to find an electron Energy of the electron Electron...
For example, a primary finding of a landmark meta-analysis of 475 psychotherapy efficacy studies (Smith, Glass, & Miller, 1980) was that the average effect size for psychotherapy was .85, indicating that "the average person who receives therapy is better off...
Plenaries on a Plate 168 plenaries. For use across the Key Stages and the curriculum. Made by Mike Gershon - [email protected] In groups, take it in turns to try to talk for one minute about today's topic without stopping or...
SOCIAL EXCHANGE & RELATIONSHIPS Exchange tangible and intangible rewards in a relationship Love is linked to exchange of rewards Become more committed when it is perceived that the value of each persons outcomes equal or proportional to the value of...
School Field/Upstairs Hallway. We are going outside to measure the length and width of the soccer field in meters. If it is raining, we will measure the length and width of the upstairs hallway instead.
Document Type Definition (DTD) The declaration of the DTD in the XML document has the syntax where SYSTEM refers to that fact that the DTD is a private implementation for this document rather than a standard. It would change to...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!