Thoroughbred Breeders Association of South Africa

Presentation to the Gambling Review Commission Portfolio Committee November 2011 Thoroughbred Breeders Association of South Africa [Est 1921] 1. 2. Primary Mission~ To safeguard and advance common aim of all thoroughbred breeders To promote and encourage the genetic improvement of thoroughbred horses Thoroughbred RACING

A substantial global business 63 countries 230,000 thoroughbreds worldwide 150,000 races run More than 1million owners Global racetrack attendance 47 million Participate for the pleasure of the sport Provides employment to millions, mostly rural But its also a gambling business Thoroughbred BREEDING A global commodity : 182,000 broodmares Approx 10,000 stallions Approx 100,000 foals born annually Auction Sales in USA gross $1.1 billon

Global sales estimated at $2billion South Africa approx $35m (1.5% of global) South Africas proud position 10th largest breeding nation in the world 11th ranked in the world by number of races Even higher ranked for Integrity of our racing [SA Racing is broadcast to 50+ countries] Soundness of our breed due to -quality of soil -quality of staff -strict medication policy Our horses are internationally competitive. Positive Factors Well developed agricultural infrastructure A country suited to producing tough sound

athletic horses Burgeoning success in international racing 30% of local market is forex driven Labour intensive industry with the bulk of employment in rural areas TBA sees horseracing as an extension of agricultural production Success story : SA bred JAY PEG wins US$5m Group 1 Championship in Dubai in 2008. As a result, over R80 million at the next National Yearling Sale in 2008 was spent by foreign buyers. Bred in Hermanus, Jay Peg was sold for R140,000 as a yearling and won over R40m racing internationally. Growth of Exports Over the past 15 years, South African horses have succeeded in winning championship races in Dubai, Hong, Kong, USA, Singapore, Australia, Bahrain and high class races in Great Britain and France. Foreign investment and exports have grown, but are constrained by regulations in

regard to African Horse Sickness, a local disease. Transformation Grooms Co-ops 10 BBBEE Co-ops formed in 2010. 20 BBBEE Co-ops currently being formed. 7 members in each co-op. 2011 Co-ops for the first time sold yearling. in their own right. Co-ops formed in conjunction with the dti CIS programme. Structured capacity building mentorship programme in place in partnership with CATHSSETA. Co-op yearling at CPYS 2011 Challenges to Transformation EXPORT

RESTRICTIONS. Decline owners. of domestic Challenges : SA bred produce Racehorse Owners influenced by prize money (static / declining) DOMESTIC MARKET EXPORT MARKET

International prize money excellent, BUT, export market threatened by AHS bans. An industry in decline Graphs Reduction in no of breeders Reduction in no of stallions Reduction in no of mares Consequent reduction in labour 200 0 509 No Of Breeders

Linear (No Of Breeders) 346 459 419 423 451 490 683 956 967 925 853

408 400 527 600 730 800 1056 1075 1089 1094 1084

1109 1060 990 1000 1088 1200 1135 No of registered breeders 1986-2010 171 107 106 105

105 102 111 128 120 170 213 230 277 277 288

265 252 No of Stallions Linear (No of Stallions) 103 100 142 150 181 200 231 250 296

300 329 350 335 400 376 No. of Stallions 1986-2010 50 0 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 2010

2009 2008 2007 4230 4480 4406 3941 3583 4615 4403 4338 4562 4345

3970 4000 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 4703 5000 1999

1998 1997 1996 1995 5600 6041 6041 5641 7393 7410 7304

6752 6577 6129 5850 6000 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988

6867 7000 1987 7169 8000 1986 No of broodmares 1986-2010 3000 2000 1000 0 No of Mares Linear (No of Mares)

Gross Auction Revenues 2000-2011 R 319,222,500 R 281,999,000 R 275,088,000 R 258,801,000 R 252,751,000 R 225,675,000 R 166,192,600 R 137,930,000 R 88,248,000 R 75,496,000 R 66,414,500 R 59,750,200 2000 2001

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Barrier to growth of domestic market Declining Purses

R580m net loss by owners annually (excluding capital cost of horse) Export Restrictions South Africa has made great stride with AHS from the scientific perspective. WHAT WE NEED Governmental support and the political will to change current protocols. The Future There is a light at the end of the tunnel. Many international racing jurisdictions are flourishing and these must be explored. Thoroughbred horse racing must be

recognised as a sport. Thoroughbred Breeding is a major employer in rural South Africa and this must be taken into consideration. Level the playing fields Interim assistance is needed now. Q &A

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