The Transit Metropolis - University of Kentucky

The Transit Metropolis What is a Transit Metropolis? Transit metropolis is a region where a workable fit exists between transit services and urban form Perhaps compact mixed use development well suited to rail

Perhaps flexible bus services well suited to dispersed development Viewed as a paradigm for sustainable regional development Types of Transit Metropolises Adaptive Cities- transit oriented cities that have invested in rail systems to guide urban growth and achieve larger societal objectives

Such as preserving open space, producing affordable housing in rail served communities All feature compact mixed use suburban communities and new towns concentrated around rail nodes Examples: Stockholm, Tokyo, Singapore and Copenhagen Types of Transit Metropolises Adaptive Transit- places that have

accepted spread out low density patterns of growth Seek to appropriately adapt transit services and new technologies to these environments Karlsruhe (dual track systems); Adelaide (track guided buses) and Mexico City (small vehicle entrepreneurial services) Types of Transit Metropolises

Strong Core Cities- integrating transit and urban development within a more confined central city context Provide integrated tram services around mixed traffic tram and light rail system Trams designed into streetscapes and coexist with pedestrian and bicycle traffic Examples: Zurich and Melbourne Types of Transit Metropolises

Hybrid: adaptive cities and adaptive transit Create workable balance between concentrating development along main line transit corridors and adapting transit to serve their spread out suburbs and exurbs Munich-heavy rail trunk line services, light rail and conventional bus services have strengthened central city while also serving suburban growth axes Forming the Transit Metropolis: Complementary Demand Side Approaches Transportation Demand Managementaims to make more efficient use of

transport resources already in place by shifting demand (to carpools) or eliminate trips (telecommuting); inefficient parking space- more efficient management; parking availability dissuades use of public transit Forming the Transit Metropolis: Complementary Demand Side Approaches Restraints on Automobile Use- traffic calming local streets belong to

residents- barriers, etc Banning traffic from downtown areas License plate will determine when auto can enter the CBD Forming the Transit Metropolis: Complementary Demand Side Approaches Regulation of Auto Performanceimprove performance rather than attempt to change travel behavior Re-engineer cars to improve fuel

efficiency (GM, etc and move to hybrid vehicles) Lower emissions- Clean Air Act Forming the Transit Metropolis: Complementary Demand Side Approaches Setting the Right Prices- Proper pricing eliminates the need for heavy handed controls over car use and public

intervention into private land markets Congestion fees, carbon taxes and parking surcharges Higher motoring fees will people over time move closer to jobs and transit stops to economize on travel? Elitist view and unrealistic to charge more?? Forming the Transit Metropolis: Complementary Supply Side Approaches

Advanced Technologies- GPS systems to avoid congestion spots and eliminate need to travel; smart roadwaysautomatically adjust traffic signals Telecommunications- e-commerce and virtual shopping Nonmotorized transport- bicycle facilities and provisions

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