The Executive Branch

The Executive Branch Selection of a Presidential Candidate 1. Constitutional Requirements Natural born citizen of the US 35 years old

Resident of the US for 14 years 2. Nominating Procedure Since 1832 political parties (Republicans/Democrats) began selecting candidates by the nominating convention Large group of party members

attend making it more democratic 3. Nominating System 1. Primaries: delegates are chosen by party members in primary elections Very democratic: all members have a voice

in selecting a candidate for the convention 2. Caucuses: party voters in local meetings choose delegates for the convention 4. National Convention Held in July/August of Presidential election

year > national television Nominates candidates for President and Vice President Decides the party platform : what the party

believes 5. Qualifications for President Nominate a candidate who can win Person who is popular and has few enemies Moderate views on controversial issues No party has nominated a Jewish person or an African American (until President Obama)

2 Catholics : Al Smith (1928) & JFK (1960) Geraldine Ferraro: nominated for VP (first woman) WASP : White Anglo-Saxon Protestant 6. Qualifications for Vice President

Usually the choice of the President Bring strength to the ticker From a different part of the country balances the ticket 7. Electoral College System Voters cast their ballots for electors on the first

Tuesday after the first Monday in November of an election year These electors cast the actual votes for President and Vice President Each state is granted as many presidential

electors as it has Senators and Representatives (Senators + Representatives = Electoral Votes) electoral Clip.wmv Political Parties 8. Purpose of Political Parties The parties are made up of people

with similar interests and ideas People join parties to help their cause by gaining control of the government 9. Early Political Parties Federalists (Whig Republicans)

Anti- Federalists (Democrats) 10. Political Parties Today Republicans: support from businessmen and the well to do Less power to the central government More power to the states

Democrats: support from minority groups and blue- collar workers More power to the central government Less power to the states 11. Roles of the President

Chief Executive Enforces or puts the laws into effect Appoints judges /diplomats /cabinet and other high government officials Runs government programs (over 3 million federal employees)

Chief Diplomat Makes treaties Conducts relations with other nations Commander-in-Chief Heads the armed forces

Broad military powers that are shared with Congress Chief Legislator Recommends legislation (laws) to Congress Veto potential laws (bills)

Chief of State Ceremonial head of government Judicial Enforcer Carries out decisions of the

Federal Courts Grants reprieves/pardons/amnesties Party Chief Leads his/her political party

12. Five Main Jobs of the President 12. FIVE Main Jobs of the President To make sure laws passed by Congress are put into force To suggest needed laws to

Congress To carry on relations with foreign countries 12. FIVE Main Jobs of the President

To command the armed forces To represent the entire country, both in dealing with other countries and at home The Cabinet 13. Presidential Cabinet

Department of State Secretary John Kerry Department of the Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew Department of Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel

Department of Justice Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr. Department of the Interior Secretary Sally Jewell Department of Agriculture

Secretary Thomas J. Vilsack Department of Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker Department of Labor Secretary Thomas Perez Department of Health and Human Services

Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell[2], Department of Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx Department of Energy

Secretary Ernest Moniz Department of Education Secretary Arne Duncan Department of Veterans Affairs Secretary Robert A. McDonald

Department of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson 14. Executive Powers The President enforces the Constitution and the laws passed by Congress

For these purposes he may issue executive orders With the consent of the majority of the Senate, he appoints all government officials, including cabinet members He serves as ceremonial head of the

government and as a symbol of national unity 15. Legislative Powers In the State of the Union message, required by the Constitution, he may request the passage of certain legislation The President can recall Congress into a

special session He may veto legislation he does not like Legislative Powers, cont As head of his political party, he may influence the votes of members of his party in Congress He may also use his power of patronage offering

political jobs for distribution by those members of Congress who vote as he wishes Through press conferences and talks, he may inform the people on public issues and ask their support

16. Powers over Foreign Affairs He determines the foreign policy of the nation and is responsible for the conduct of foreign affairs and is also considered the leader of the free world He negotiates treaties with foreign nations, subject to a 2/3 vote of the

Senate 16. Powers over Foreign Affairs With the consent of a majority of the Senate, he appoints officials to assist him in foreign affairs the Secretary of State (carries out the foreign

policy determined by the President), ambassadors, consuls, and ministers He receives foreign ambassadors and may, therefore, recognize or not recognize foreign governments 17. Military Powers

He is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, thereby maintaining civilian control over the military He may order our forces to intervene in disturbances abroad

This may only be done for 90 days without Congressional approval and is based on the War Powers Act (1973) 17. Military Powers Only Congress can declare war and approve money to finance the armed

forces He appoints the top military commanders, may offer them military advice, and also remove them from their commands 18. Judicial Powers He may grant pardons and reprieves in cases

involving federal crimes, except for impeachment He appoints all federal judges, with the consent of a majority of the Senate He enforces federal court decisions

19. Presidential Powers & Emergencies During national crises, such as war and depression, the people demand strong Presidential leadership 19. Presidential Powers &

Emergencies Certain Presidents have stretched their authority, acted with speed and decision, and exercised almost dictatorial power, with the cooperation of Congress Lincoln met the crisis of the Civil War, Wilson met WWI, and FDR met WWII and

the Great Depression After the crisis is over, Congress takes back its full powers, including the power to check the President

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