The Election of 1828: Andrew Jackson becomes the 6th ...

Please answer the following questions on page 133 Please answer the following questions on page 133 What changed about voting requirements based on the maps below. The 1824 Election and the "Corrupt Bargain- page 135 title Corrupt Bargain The 1824 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION marked the final collapse of the Republican-Federalist political framework. For the first time no candidate ran as a Federalist, while five significant candidates competed as Democratic-Republicans. The outcome of the very close election surprised political leaders. The winner in the all-important Electoral College was Andrew Jackson, the hero of the War of 1812, with ninety-nine votes. He was followed by John Q. Adams, the

son of the second president and Monroe' secretary of state, who secured eighty-four votes. Meanwhile Crawford trailed well behind with just forty-one votes. Although Jackson seemed to have won a narrow victory, receiving 43 percent of the popular vote versus just 30 percent for Adams, he would not be seated as the country's sixth president. Because nobody had received a majority of votes in the Electoral College, the House of Representatives had to choose between the top two candidates. Henry Clay, the speaker of the House of Representatives, now held a decisive position. As a presidential candidate himself in 1824 (he finished fourth in the Electoral College), Clay had led some of the strongest attacks against Jackson. Rather than see the nation's top office go to a man he detested, the Kentuckian Clay forged an Ohio ValleyNew England coalition that secured the White House for John Quincy Adams. In return Adams named Clay as his secretary of state, a position that had been the stepping-stone to the presidency for the previous four executives. This arrangement, however, hardly proved beneficial for either Adams or Clay. Denounced immediately as a "CORRUPT BARGAIN" by supporters of Jackson.

The 1824 Election and the "Corrupt Bargain- page 135 title Corrupt Bargain Explain the 1824 election. Why did Jackson refer to it as a corrupt bargain_________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Andrew Jackson, 7th President, $20 bill 1829-1837 (2 terms) Vice Presidents: John Calhoun and

Martin van Buren War hero from the Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812 Called Old Hickory because he was as strong as hickory wood Use the following slides to complete study notes on Andrew Jackson The Election of 1828:

Andrew Jackson becomes the 7th President of the United States Andrew Jackson and his supporters created a new political party. He named it the Democratic Party He chose the name Democratic for his new party because he wanted to start a new type of democracy in the United States. His type of government, nicknamed Jacksonian Democracy, promised that the president would have more power than Congress and honor the peoples

wishes by ignoring Congress. Congress accused Jackson of wanting to rule as a king rather than serve the people as a president. The Election of 1828: Andrew Jackson becomes the 7th President of the United States Jackson knew that he would get elected if poor white men could vote, so he pushed for Congress

to reduce the financial requirements for voting. In the Election of 1828 poor white men were allowed to vote for the first time. Jackson started another new election tradition: mudslinging. Mudslinging means candidates (politicians who are running for office) say insulting/ nasty things about each other in order to gain votes and win. Sometimes the insulting/ nasty things are total lies. Spoils System:

Spoiling your political supporters with jobs or rewards Jackson rewarded his best supporters with jobs in his cabinet. Jackson did not give cabinet jobs to these men because they were the best choices. He gave them their jobs to reward them for helping Jackson to win the presidential election. People nicknamed it the kitchen cabinet because Jacksons cabinet advisors were rats. Jackson also rewarded state banks that gave him

loans during his campaign/election by moving federal money from the national bank into the state banks accounts. They were called pet banks because the banks acted like Jacksons pets. Lobbying Lobbying: businessmen and/or groups of people try to influence legislators in the House of Representatives and the Senate to pass laws that help their businesses or groups. Example: a company pays for Congressmen to

enjoy an expensive dinner, go to a resort for the weekend, and play golf. In return, the Congressmen push for a law to get passed that helps the company make more money. The Native Americans (Indians) Politicians in Georgia decided that they wanted the land that the Native Americans were living on so that tobacco and cotton farmers could grow more crops and make more money. Congress passed a law called the Indian Removal Act

that allowed the government to kick the Native Americans off of their land. The Native Americans could not sue the government for their land because they were not citizens of the United States. The Native Americans (Indians) Worcester, a white man, was a religious missionary who wanted to help the Native Americans. He sued Georgia (the state) to stop the seizing of land. The court case was titled Worcester v. Georgia. The

court decided that Worcester (and the Native Americans) were correct: they should not be kicked off of their land. The court said that the government was NOT allowed to remove the Native Americans. The Native Americans (Indians) Jackson decided to ignore the court. He ordered that the United State military move into the Native Americans land and force them out. He also ordered that the Native Americans get moved to an area that he named Indian Territory.

The Native Americans had to walk- some on horseback and others on foot- from their land to the Indian Territory. 16,000 Native Americans were forced to walk as much as 1,200 miles. At least 4,000 died from cold, hunger, and disease. The Indian Territory is now the state called Oklahoma. Tariff of Abominations abominations: things that cause disgust or hatred

The Tariff of 1828 was a tax on imported/exported goods that protected the businesses in the North region while hurting businesses in the South. It was nicknamed Tariff of Abominations by Southerners who thought that it was disgusting that Congress would help one part of the country while punishing another part of the country. The Southerners, especially the tobacco and cotton farmers, were enraged. They demanded that their representatives in Congress nullify the tariff.

Nullification Crisis Nullification=cancellation, Crisis=emergency Some southerners were so angry about the Tariff of Abominations that they began to discuss secession from the United States. South Carolina announced that it would secede from the U.S. if the Tariff of Abominations was not nullified

(cancelled) immediately. (Secede means that the state would leave the United States) A compromise was made to stop South Carolina from seceding. The tariff was not nullified immediately, but it did slowly decrease over 10 years until it was finally gone.

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