Template - Watercolor

Acrylic Paint Tools, Tips and Techniques Acrylic Paint Basics History Developed in the late 1940s, oil based acrylic paint has only a brief history compared to other visual arts media, such as watercolor and oil. In the 1950's, the water-based acrylics were developed. They became popular in the 1960's when pop artists used them, such as Andy Warhol. Other art styles that explored

this medium were photorealism and Op Art Andy Warhol- Portrait Your footer here - 2 Acrylic Paint Basics Contents Acrylic paints are made from pigment, water and an acrylic binder, which forms a hard, clear film as the water evaporates. It is this transparent film, reflecting light from the pigment

inside it, that gives acrylic color its brilliance. Acrylics are water-soluble, non-toxic, easy to clean, and dry quickly. They can be used opaque (no light shows through) either through thick paint application or by adding white. They can be diluted with water and painted so they are transparent (light shows through). Drawing and Painting II - 3 Acrylic Paint

Basics The GOOD The BAD Drawing and Painting II - 4 Acrylic Paint Basics The GOOD

Use Opaque Use saturated Clean up Cost effective Durability The BAD

Quick drying Harder to blend Harder Wet-On-Wet Drawing and Painting II - 5 Acrylic Paint Tools Brushes

Acrylic paintbrushes come in various shapes. Some of the shapes are flat, round, pointed round, detail round, filbert, bright, angular flat, and fan. Each shape comes in many different sizes and are labeled as previously discussed. -Go over worksheetDrawing and Painting II - 6 Understanding Paintbrush

Construction & Use A paintbrush is made up of three parts: The handle, the ferrule, and tuft (brush hairs or bristles). 1). The Tuft made of synthetic fibers, boar bristles, and various other animal hairs. 2) The Ferrule the metal part of the brush that holds bristles to the handle. The bristles are generally glued and the other end of ferrule is wrapped around handle and crimped. 3) Brush Handles available in a short or long style and can be made of wood or resin. Short handles are useful if you are not used to holding a

paintbrush. Gives a feeling of control and good for working up close to the painting. Long-handled brushes are best for working on an easel because the angle and distance are more conducive to using the longer handle -Fill out Graphic Organizer- - 7 - -

Brush Strokes and Characteristics To use the script brush you may have to water the paint down just a little to create longer, more graceful lines. Try this on your Graphic Organizer! Cleaning of Acrylic Brushes Step for cleaning acrylic paint out of Brushes 1. wipe off excess paint with clean rag

2. Rinse with cold water and mild soap 3. Rinse off until the water runs clear 4. Removes excess water and reshape bristles 5. Dry the handle and ferrule and stand head up to allow the hair to dry 11 Paint Brush Care: Tips Place a paint brush still being used in water if it is loaded with paintrinse the paint off if it is not going to be used for a longer period of time Always clean your brush immediately after use Take particular care to ensure that the base of the brush head is clean.

Some pigments may stain the brush slightly, but this will not affect the performance or the life of the hair. If color has dried on the brush, it is ruined; never to be used again. Do not stand a brush on its handle soaking wet-will cause water to leak down into the ferrule, loosening the glue that holds the bristles together. Never leave brushes standing on their bristles to dry- it will ruin the shape of the bristles. Drawing and Painting II - 12 Techniques 1. Color Blocking

2. Wet-on-Wet 3. Hard Edges 4. Glazing 5. Scumbling 6. Impasto 7. Watercolor Effects Drawing and Painting II - 13 Techniques Color Blocking

under-painting in large flat shapes to lay out composition. After color blocking start painting details in the background (like the sky) and then paint the next ground when finished completely- work from the back to the front. Keep it simple Drawing and Painting II - 14 Techniques Wet-on-Wet

mixing two wet colors/values of paint on canvas to help blend/gradient colors Drawing and Painting II - 15 Techniques Hard Edge Creating a clean, straight edge between objects (colors/values) Drawing and Painting II

- 16 Techniques Scumbling The application of broken color; letting the color underneath to show through. using a dry brush to create stippling or texture- Dip tips of dry brush in thin layer of paint and either pounce the brush on the canvas or sweep the brush across the canvas to create different textures.

Drawing and Painting II - 17 Techniques Impasto thick applied paint- usually done with a pallet knife Drawing and Painting II -

18 Techniques Glazing Transparent layers of paint that create rich color. Acrylic paint is mixed with a gloss medium. Glazing for Depth- glaze is made by diluting acrylic paint with the help of water. This combination of gloss medium and paint is used to add a depth to the painting by making a translucent glaze that can be painted which gives a 3D appearance.

Drawing and Painting II - 19 Techniques Transparent (watercolor) By thinning acrylics with water have similar effects of transparent watercolor. Drawing and Painting II -

20 Mixing Neutrals: Instead of using black and brown out of the of the bottle you have to mix them from Primary colors. BLACK: about 90% base color and 10% complement Warm black: start with red and add green Cool black: start with blue and add orange BROWN: about 50% base color and 50% complement Warm Brown: base is red and little less green Cool Brown: Base Blue and little less orange Drawing and Painting II -

21 Helpful Hints: : START from the BACKGROUND and work your way forward. This will keep you from having to paint in between little details- its faster to work this way!! Diffuse edges (blend) with a dry brush by dabbing lightly. Acrylics become darker in tone as they dry, so remember to allow for this effect when mixing your colors. If trying to remove paint (while paint is wet) wipe with damp rag. Acrylics dry fast- to help keep paint moist, spritz with water or use an acrylic additive called retarder to slow the drying process down.

Drawing and Painting II - 22 Preliminary Work: : 1. Create a Graphic Organizer with the first 7 painting techniques. Make sure to labe all 7. 2. Create a 3 value scale of Black/grey tones 3. Create a 3 value scale of Brown tones. 4. Try a script Brush and label it. 5. Paint a Color Wheel from PRIMARY COLORS

Drawing and Painting II - 23

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