Survey of Archaeological Resources

f o y e v r l u a S c i g

o l o s e e a c h r c u r

o A s e R pace d n a r i A ,

d n u o r G S Historical Maps Documents

Quadrangle Maps Looking Below the Ground Shov el te sting surve , a sa y me regio thod mple ns w

u here sed in build rapid up o bscu arch res b soil aeolo uried gical rema ins:

it ent ails d syste iggin g sha matic surve llow, p i t s acro

y uni ss th t. e Magnetometry Ground Penetrating Radar Multispectral Satellite Imagery Magnetometry Ground Penetrating

Radar Multispectral Satellite Maps Infor Geo g ra p mat io n S hi c yste ms

Geographic information system (GIS), a computer program for storing, retrieving, analyzing, and visually displaying cartographic data (geographically related information) ArcView ArcInfo Georeferenced, data is input to a GIS database using a common mapping reference e.g. the U.T.M. grid so that that all data can be spatially analyzed. Geographic

Information Systems Historic Documents GIS: Plot of Units The Fallacy of the Typical Site Which site do you excavate? No matter which site you choose, you will miss a

great deal; no site is typical of the entire settlement system. The goal of archaeological survey is to document the range of archaeological remains across a landscape. maps). A small flashlight yor s

urve it Toolk A black Sharpie marker A trowel (for test pits) A metric tape measure Graph paper (for site S The A GPS instrument

A two-way radio A good but cheap watch A good compass A K+E field notebook Pencils Ziploc bags Decide on the sample fraction. What portion of the sample population will be included1 percent of the sites? 5 percent, 10 percent, 50 percent? SAM

PLES How do you actually acquire the sample? Ideally, take all the sites in the sample universe, give each one a number, and randomly select a portion and examine those sites. Random sample, a sample drawn from a statistical population such that every member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample.

Sample fraction, the percentage of the sample universe that is surveyed. Areas with variability in archeological remains require larger sample fractions than do areas of low variability. Sample units, survey units of a standard size and shape, determined by the research question and practical considerations, used to obtain the sample.

UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator, a grid system in which north and east coordinates provide a location anywhere in the world, precise to one meter. Stra tifie sam d ra ple, ndo

univ m a s u erse rvey seve divid ral s that ub-u ed into nive

are then rses pote ntial sam l sam p ple f y differe led at ract ions nt .

Smi t h so cata n log n ian nu m cons umb ists er g ber, a o u

i posi tion f a num ven to s nique it a b abbr evia lphabet er (the es; it s i t the site ion of th cally), a tates

s le wi t h e co unty tter in th sequen ti , e co unty al numb and . er 41W

L28 41 Texa s, liste d alp the 41 th WL habe st Wall tical ate er C

ly 28ount the y 28 th the s i te re coun cord ty e d in

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