States' Best Practices in Improving State Oral Health Program ...

STATES BEST PRACTICES IN IMPROVING STATE ORAL HEALTH PROGRAM WORKFORCE CAPACITY American Public Health Association Annual Meeting & Exposition Chicago, Illinois November 3, 2015 Dr. Harry Goodman, Immediate Past-President, Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors (ASTDD) Director, Maryland Office of Oral Health [email protected] Session Objectives Look at ASTDD Best Practice Approach Reports (BPAR) that improve State Oral Health Program (SOHP) workforce Cite BPAR examples that SOHPs already are using to enhance workforce capacity Examples that highlight successful models for: Leadership development Improvements in infrastructure and capacity

Creative partnerships Best Practice Approaches Defined as a public health strategy that is supported by evidence for its impact and effectiveness Evidence includes: Research Expert opinion Field lessons Theoretical rationale For each Best Practice Approach analyzed and reported, varying strength of evidence is observed as well as lessons learned Approach emphasizes that there is more than one single best way to do something May have different but successful implementation methods (such as program activities and operations)

Best Practice Approach Reports (BPAR) BPARs are listed on the ASTDD website http://www.astdd.org/best-practices/ Are a resource to share ideas and cultivate best practices for state and community oral health programs A best practice aims to achieve: Impact or effectiveness Efficiency Sustainability Collaboration or integration to reach its goals State and community practice examples illustrate successful implementation of BPARs Submit their success stories/lessons learned SOHP Workforce Development Purpose: Reducing health inequity caused by lack of access to evidence-based oral health services & resources Workforce Development Levels:

Community needs Organizational (SOHP) infrastructure and capacity needs to adequately meet those community needs Often a feedback loop between the SOHP and community Incorporated within all core public health functions Best Practice Approach Report Categories Core Public Health Functions Assessment State-based Oral Health Surveillance System Policy Development State oral health coalitions and partnerships State oral health plans Statutory mandate for a state oral health program Assurance Perinatal oral health Community water fluoridation

School-based dental sealants Special needs children and adults Early childhood caries State Examples for Workforce Development Assessment Improvements in Infrastructure and Development Michigan Oral Health Surveillance Plan Guiding the Development of a State Oral Health Surveillance System http://www.astdd.org/bestpractices/DES25004MIsurveillancesystem.pdf Policy Development Creative Partnerships Massachusetts Special Leg. Commission on Oral Health http://www.astdd.org/bestpractices/DES24001MAcommission_reviewed%202012.pdf Leadership Development Maryland State Oral Health Program Leadership (new) Assurance Improvements in Infrastructure and Development Wisconsin Seal-A-Smile (SAS)

http://www.astdd.org/bestpractices/DES56004WIsealasmile_3_2014.pdf Other Workforce Development BPARs http://www.astdd.org/access-to-oral-health-care-services-workforce-development/ Alaska Medicaid Travel of Pediatric Dental Teams Alaska Dental Health Aide Program Colorado Colorado Old Age Pension Dental Program Connecticut Home by One Program Indiana Reforms in Indianas Medicaid Dental Program Iowa EPSDT Exception to Policy Louisiana Bright Smiles for Bright Futures Maryland Maryland Dent-Care Loan Assistance Repayment Program Maryland St. Marys County Pilot Dental Program

Michigan Healthy Kids Dental Michigan - University of Michigan Dental Schools Partnership with Community Health Centers New Hampshire - New Hampshire School-Based Preventive Dental Programs Pennsylvania - Community Primary Care Challenge Grants Rhode Island - Rhode Island Prenatal & Pediatric Dentistry Mini-Residency Vermont -Tooth Tutor Dental Access Program Virginia - Dental Scholarship and Loan Repayment Program And why these? Improvements in Infrastructure and Development Building SOHP infrastructure and development by adding key workforce personnel (e.g., epidemiologist, school sealant

coordinator) who have the capacity to perform key public health functions that contributes to the broader oral health and public health infrastructure and workforce Creative Partnerships Innovative partnerships between state oral health programs and other sectors (such as education, legislative, training, business, management, research, social sector, public sector, etc.), leverages workforce resources to achieve a shared oral health goal, such as an adequate and competent oral health workforce, that benefits the SOHP and the community at large Leadership Development SOHPs acquire staff skilled in oral health that provide leadership for statewide activities that leads to expansion of oral health programs, policy, and workforce Improvements in Infrastructure and Development

Michigan (Last reviewed 2010) Oral Health Surveillance Plan Guiding the Development of a State Oral Health Surveillance System Assessment 1) Acquiring Data; 2) Use of Data Collaborative effort between Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) and Michigan OH Coalition Information from population-based databases was coordinated by a SOPH oral health epidemiologist Developed workforce survey of dentists & dental hygienists supported by licensing fees from MDCH Healthcare Workforce Ctr. Led to a State report assessing workforce needs Identified data gaps and finding funds to collect data Supported implementation of basic screening surveys Helped develop a State Oral Health Plan and Oral Disease Burden document Creative Partnerships Massachusetts (last reviewed 2012) Special Legislative Commission on Oral Health Assessment - Use of Data; Policy development - Collaboration & Partnership for Planning and Integration; Assurance Building

Linkages & Partnerships for Interventions Special Legislative Commission on Oral Health was appointed Representatives from health department and other government agencies, health and non-health professional organizations, state legislators, community advocates, public/private dental provider networks Charged to make recommendations related to the oral health status among state residents, community prevention programs, and access to oral health care services Creative Partnerships Massachusetts (last reviewed 2012) Special Legislative Commission on Oral Health recommendations in Report to the Governor: Improve access to dental care for public and private dental insured individuals by increasing workforce Improve access to oral health screening and treatment services by increasing public/private workforce capacity Promote statewide individual and population based preventive services and programs

Implement data collection and information system Establish a Special Advisory Committee on Oral Health Outcomes Funding to increase the Medicaid reimbursement rates Expansion of safety net provider sites Establishment of a dental sealant demo project Incorporation of an oral health component for School Health Programs across the state Leadership Development Maryland (new) - State Oral Health Program Leadership X Assessment X

1. Acquiring Data X 2. Use of Data Policy Development X 3. Collaboration and Partnership for Planning and Integration X 4.

Oral Health Program Policies X 5. Use of State Oral Health Plan X 6. Oral Health Program Organizational Structure and Resources Assurance X 7. Population-based Interventions

X 8. Oral Health Communications X 9. Building Linkages and Partnerships for Interventions X 10. Building State and Community Capacity for Interventions X 11.

Access to Care and Health System Interventions X 12. Program Evaluation for Outcomes and Quality Management Leadership Development Maryland (new) Leadership in Oral Health Access Reforms/Oral Health Safety Net Program Movement to a single statewide vendor to administer Medicaid dental services Increased Medicaid dental reimbursement Enhancement of the dental public health infrastructure Expansion of public health dental hygienists capacity to provide care Development of a statewide, unified oral health message Provision of dental training for dental and medical providers

Leadership Development - Maryland Outputs and Outcomes: Increased access to Medicaid dental program (from 34% in CY 2001 to 68% in CY 2013) Increase the public and private healthcare workforce 1,865 Medicaid dentists in 2012 vs. 649 in 2009 5 new local health department dental programs and staff 43 new Public Health Dental Hygienists More school-based dental sealant programs and staff Medical practitioners (~440) now providing fluoride varnish to children during well-child visits Develop Healthy Teeth, Healthy Kids oral health literacy campaign with coalition - SOHP communications director Reduced untreated tooth decay by 41% between 2000 and 2010. Improvement in Infrastructure and Development Wisconsin (2014) Wisconsin Seal-A-Smile (SAS) Assessment - 1) Acquiring Data; 2) Use of Data

Policy development - 1) Collaboration & Partnership for Planning and Integration; 2) Oral Health Program Policies; 3) Use of State Oral Health Plan Assurance 1) Population-based Interventions; 2) Building Linkages & Partnerships for Interventions; 3) Building State and Community Capacity for Interventions; 4) Access to Care and Health System Interventions; 5) Program Evaluation for Outcomes & Quality Mgmt Collaboration of WI SOHP & Childrens Health Alliance of WI Provides grants ($1,000 - $75,000) to local health departments, hospitals, schools, professional schools, FQHC, and other community-based clinics and practitioners Improvement in Infrastructure and Development Wisconsin Program Outputs: Increased funding (Delta Dental of WI and state) from $60,000 to >$600,000 HRSA State Workforce Grants (2006-2012) which was matched by Delta Dental of WI Delta Dental of WI interest due to strong SAS data collection aspect

Increased number of schools from 135 (2006) to 613 (2013) For Free and Reduced Meal Program schools, the increase went from 48 (2006) to 402 (2013) Increased number of children receiving sealants from ~5,000 in 2006 (out of 8,000 evaluated) to 21,000 in 2013 (out of 33,000 evaluated) Increased dental workforce both in the community and the SOHP (school dental sealant coordinator) Improvement in Infrastructure and Development Wisconsin Program Outcomes: Untreated decay rates dropped from 31% in 2001 to 17% in 2013 Dental caries experience dropped from 60% to 53% for the same period 61% of WI 3rd grade students with dental sealants Exceeds HP 2020 objective target of 28% All socioeconomic groups in WI exceeded 50% for receipt of dental sealants Children attending high Free and Reduced Meal

Programs in schools had the highest rates of sealants Conclusions Best practices in SOHP workforce development are incorporated within all 3 core public health functions SOHP workforce development works hand in hand between the SOHP infrastructure and capacity and the community at large Through the posted BPARs, SOHPs can review and learn from best practices of other states regarding workforce development and other areas and decide if they can/should be replicated or adapted BPs display promising implementation models at the state and local level and also demonstrate lessons learned BPARs assist and provide different ideas for consideration for low performing programs

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