South Africa - University of South Florida

Zanele Muholi & South Africa History Known as the Cradle of Humankind, South Africa contains some of the oldest

archaeological and human fossil sites in the world 1487: Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed in southern Africa and named the cape Cabo das Tormentas (Cape of Storms), later renamed Cabo da Boa Esperanca (Cape of Good

Hope) History 1652: Dutch East India Company establishes a refreshment station at the Cape of Good Hope, which would later become Cape Town 1795: Great Britain takes over the Cape area 1806: Great Britain annexes the Cape Colony 1807: Global slave trade stops (Slave Trade Act of

1807) 1833: Slavery abolished History 1867 & 1884: Discovery of diamonds and gold intensifies European-South African subjugation of

indigenous people 1910: British Parliament creates the Union of South Africa 1931: Union is granted independence Apartheid The new government strengthened racial segregation

that began under Dutch and British colonial rule It classified people into four races and developed rights and limitations for each The white minority controlled the larger black minority Government discrimination began to dismantle in 1990

Government 1961: Country becomes a republic Presidency remained powerless until the Constitution Act of 1983 The Nationalist government harshly oppressed resistance movements like the African National Congress (ANC) 1994: First universal elections; the ANC won under Nelson Mandela and

has been in power ever since Economy South Africa has a mixed economy Unemployment is high South Africa is ranked in the top 10 countries in the world for income inequality HIV/AIDS

An estimated 5.6 million people live with HIV, more than any other country in the world 1.2 million AIDS orphans Human Rights No hate crime legislation is in place Corruption at the local government level contributes to the struggle to meet demands for economic and social rights

Proposed bills in Parliament could negatively affect media freedom and access to justice Gay Civil Rights The government ignores reported murders of lesbian women in homophobic attacks There are conversion camps where

some LGBT young men have been tortured Bio: Zanele Muholi Born in 1972 in Umlazi, Durban, South Africa

Photographer and Video Performance Artist Completed Advanced Photography course

at Market Photo Workshop, Newtown, 2004 MFA in Documentary Media, Ryerson University, 2009

Muholi considers herself a visual activist for LGBTQ rights. She is involved in the lesbian civil rights organization FEW (Forum for the Empowerment of Women). Much of her work focuses on documenting

the lives of black lesbian women (a group that she herself identifies with). Faces and Phases series (2006-ongoing) Being series (2007) Massa and Mina(h) series (2008)

Queercide project (2008-ongoing)

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