Final Exam Wednesday (6/9) - 8:00 9:30 Period

Final Exam Wednesday (6/9) - 8:00 9:30 Period 2 Rm. 275 Period 3 Rm. 266 Period 7 Rm. 273 Period 9 Rm. 264 1. Final Exam Wednesday (6/9) - 8:00 9:30 Period 2 Rm. 275 Period 7 Rm. 273 Period 3 Rm. 266 Period 9 Rm. 264

2. Study Guide due Tues. (6/8) (at the start of class) for 10 pts Extra Credit on the Final NOTE: No extra credit will be awarded to completed study guides submitted after the deadline (start of class on Tues. 6/8) Review all notes Be sure all novels have been turned back in View outline of characters, plot, themes, vocab and figurative elements on study guide to help focus your review. Define characters symbolism, actions

Define plot events what happens, why, what themes it conveys Know all background information (authors lives, historical context, allusions, literary terms) There will be a short section to read you must know your literary terms in order to decipher information and identify accurate answers this is a skill you should have developed through this class. You will have an essay that deals with satire this was the main focus of 11th CP you need to be able to explain what it is, how its written and how the examples we have read may impact society. Huxleys Life:

Family famous scientists (evolution) Blind 2 yrs (primary writing theme = vision) Totalitarian Influence = Mussolini FDR fireside chats = government as parental force Story set in London but about America Published 1932 Literary Terms: Satire uses wit, irony and exaggeration to highlight and criticize societal flaws

Dystopia dystopian society is characterized by misery, oppression, violence, disease, and/or pollution Mood Brave New World opens with a cold mood; void of emotions (wintriness responds to wintriness) BNW Symbols: Bernard = Discontent Lenina = Ignorance Mond = Leadership

John = Religion Helmholtz = Intelligence Content Terminology: Hypnopedia sleep teaching (brainwash morals) Conditioning psychological and behavioral practices used to control the way the citizens think and act NeoPavlovian behavioral conditioning used to create a desired reflex (electric shock therapy; Delta children)

Bokanovsky Process used to create clones (egg proliferates from 1 to 96) Content Terminology: VPS violent passion surrogate (represents fear and anger as natural part of humanity) Pregnancy Substitute undertaken by Fanny Crowne; shows biological maternal urges still exist Motto Community, Identity, Stability Ford deity (because their society is the

idea of mass production applied to biology) Content Terminology: Centrifugal Bumble Puppy World State game; shows point of sports was commerce (requires travel; elaborate equipment) Caste System inescapable social structure (citizens are genetically assigned: Alpha (smartest; no clones), Betas, Gammas, Deltas, Epsilons (lowest; semi-human) Soma mood altering drug; taken if

negative emotion does arise Content Terminology: Solidarity Service World State religious service; honors Ford; ends in emphasis on carnal / physical (goal = unity) Malpais savage reservation (New Mexico) Lighthouse Johns final retreat; represents isolation; hope Feelies World State entertainment; movies in which the audience experiences all

sensations viewed on screen Characters: Bernard Marx Alpha plus, psychologist (ironic), shorter, outcaste, discontent D.H.C. strict; secret past (Linda); humiliated by Bernard; becomes recluse Mustapha Mond World Controller (1 of 10); formerly a renegade scientist; believes his role is a necessary sacrifice Helmholtz Watson Alpha, too intelligent

(outcast by choice); Bernards friend Characters: Henry Foster ideal World State male; Lenina dates him for 4 months; focused on statistics Lenina most desired female; ignorant of freedom; predisposition towards love (Henry; John) Fanny Leninas clone; has pregnancy substitute

Characters: John the Savage Savior archetype; tries to resist temptations of World State; loses his way (commits suicide) Linda Johns mother; loved D.H.C; stranded on Savage Reservation; euthanized through soma Pope Lindas lover on the Savage Reservation; gives John The Complete Works of William Shakespeare; hated by John Mitsima teaches John how to work the clay and

make a bow and arrow Characters: Morgana Rothschild Bernard is distracted by her unibrow during the Solidarity Service Benito Hoover always happy; Foil for Bernard Marx Darwin Boneparte feelies reporter that makes Johns purification ritual an instant sensation during his lighthouse retreat

BNW Themes: Individual is helpless against a strong majority or technological temptations Technology limits our humanity Conformity (and/or communism) destroys individuality BNW Quotes:

Wheels must turn steadily but cannot turn unattended. (Mond) Oh Brave New World. (John) I searched and shouted, but there was no sign of her. (D.H.C.) Did you ever feel as though you had something inside of you just waiting to come out? (Helmholtz) BNW Quotes: Oh my dear, my dear. If only you knew how

glad after all these years a civilized face. (Linda) I ventured to think that your fordship might find the matter of sufficient scientific evidence. (Bernard) Like a caffeine solution party. (Helmholtz) Everyone who is anyone. (Mond) Shelleys Life Mother died as a result of childbirth Isolated / difficult childhood = distant

relationship with father Affair with Percy Shelley shocked society = scandal Percy was older and already married Shelleys Influences Galvanism Industrial Revolution Gothicism - genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance.

Suspense, horror, unreliable narrator, Creature of Nightmare, connection to nature, supernatural elements Romantic Literature emphasis on individuals emotions and imagination, as well as connect to and an in-depth description of nature Romantic hero, heightened emotion, rebellion, connection to nature, imagination, emphasis on individual Shelleys Novel as Satire

Unethical and dangerous use of technology in the text highlight and warn against the abuses of the Industrial Revolution and unquestioned scientific advancements of Shelleys era. The monster represents the dangers of technology and

the industrial revolution. Frankenstein Plot Review (The Letters) Epistolary (structure of text) Written by Walton to his sister Margaret Saville Detail the events surrounding his quest (discover the properties of magnetism; the Northwest Passage) Initially filled with hubris; longing for glory Views Frankenstein as a peer; friend Learns from Frankensteins mistake Shows compassion to The Monster

Abandons quest Frankenstein Plot Review (Frankensteins Narrative) Happy childhood Rebelled: studied Agrippa, Paracelsus, Magnus (occult) Mother rescues Elizabeth from peasant family Views power of lightening (idea for experiment) Mothers scarlet fever Ingolstadt (Waldman = mentor) Isolation; constructs monster

Horrified; disgusted (rejects creation; denial) Frankenstein Plot Review (Frankensteins Narrative) Frankensteins fever and delirium Nursed back to health by Henry Letter from Elizabeth Williams murder; Justines confession / execution Victor escapes into nature (avoids guilt) Listens to the Monsters story Promises to create female monster (companion)

Frankenstein Plot Review (The Monsters Narrative) Longs for friendship; love Initially learns through senses (like an infant) Rejected by villagers (develops fear of humans) Resides in a lean-to attached to DeLaceys cottage Learns through observation; books (Plutarchs Lives, Sorrows of Werter, Paradise Lost) Attempts connection with old man DeLacey (blind) Rejected by DeLaceys; burns down cottage (vows revenge) Seeks Victor (wants companion)

Betrayed by Victor (vows revenge) Frankenstein Plot Review (The DeLaceys) Felix helped Turk (political prisoner) Gave the Turk and his daughter passports in his familys name Sister and father imprisoned as a result Upon release exiled; live in poverty in cottage Safie escapes from father; reunited with Felix ( in love) Admired by the Monster The Monster learns language as Felix teaches Safie

Eventually reject the Monster out of fear Frankenstein Plot Review (The Monsters Goal) Primary Goal Friendship and Understanding Reaches out to Victor (rejected) Entered village (attacked and driven out) Approaches DeLacey (rejected and attacked) Asks for female to be created (destroyed before his eyes) Mourns Victor (his only companion) Frankenstein Review (Archetypes)

Romantic Hero social rebel, uninhibited, melancholy Transgressor crosses a natural boundary or law Outsider isolated journey; seeks acceptance Satanic Hero villain whose evil deeds are justifiable within the novels context Promethean-Hero a rebel against a larger order, one who defies traditional moral categories Warrior-Hero strong; actions determine a nations fate Frankenstein Plot Review (Allusions)

Prometheus God, gave man fire, punished for ambition Luigi Galvani - discovered animal electricity; basis for plot Cornelius Agrippa occultist / alchemist; conjured spirits Paracelsus occultist / alchemist

Albertus Magnus - advocated coexistence of science and religion Epistolary novel told through a series of letters and journal entries Gothic novel - genre with horror, supernatural, remote settings, mystery Frankenstein Plot Review (Allusions) Paradise Lost novel monster reads (Genesis & original sin) Plutarchs Lives - novel monster reads (biographies of

great Romans) The Sorrows of Werter -novel monster reads (unrequited love) Romantic Quest journey into nature for self-discovery Romanticism genre focused on the individual, emotional, imaginative Shelley author, wrote due to challenge, many deaths around her Frankenstein Plot Review (Characters) William youngest Frankenstein; murdered by the

Monster Earnest middle Frankenstein Elizabeth adopted Frankenstein (from peasants); fears Victor doesnt love her; weds Victor; murdered by the Monster Justine Frankensteins servant; arrested / confesses to/ murdered for Williams murder Henry Frankensteins best friend; nurses him back to health; traveling companion; murdered by the Monster; Victor arrested for and found innocent of Henrys murder

Frankenstein Plot Review (Characters) Beaufort Carolines father; Alphonses friend (Alphonse marries Caroline to protect her) Alphonse Frankensteins father; tells him not to study the occult sciences Kirwin sheriff that arrests Victor for Henrys murder, writes Victors father / gets Victor the best room / nurse; helps Victor plan his defense Walton writes letters; on quest; learns from Victors story Felix involvement in a crime cost his family

their house and fortune. Frankenstein Plot Review (Characters) Waldman encourages Victor to study all branches of science Krempe warns Victor not to study occult sciences Caroline Victors mother; dies from scarlet fever Margaret Waltons sister; receives the letters Victor transgressor; downfall is hubris; protagonist; dies before he catches / stops the Monster Monster primary quest for friendship /

understanding; turns to revenge against Frankenstein; persuades Walton to let him go Frankenstein Plot Review (Important Details) Waltons Quest magnetic poles, knowledge, passageway, unknown Frankensteins Quest - eternal life / scientific power Monsters Quest - friendship Novels Structure epistolary: letters, flashbacks, concluding action Role of Friendship drives Walton and the monster

Victors Motives power and ambition / pride Monsters Motives love, friendship, acceptance then revenge Frankenstein Plot Review (Important Details) Justines Execution framed, confesses The De Laceys History Felix committed crime / family pays Felixs Actions freed Safies father; made fake passports Monsters Education spied on DeLaceys (Safie

being taught); reads Frankensteins Promise create a female companion for the monster Anglo-Saxon Era Review: Celts native inhabitants of Britain Angles, Saxons, Jutes hired Germanic mercenary tribes (hired by Romans: Lord Vortigern) Druids Celts Pagan Priests; connected to Stonehenge Animism Pagan religion that believes spirits are all

around and must be satisfied Wyrd Anglo-Saxon belief they must seek and fulfill their destiny Anglo-Saxon Era Review: Adoration ultimate goal of an Anglo-Saxon warrior Berserker legendary Anglo-Saxon warrior; wore animal pelt / fought in trance-like state Alfred the Great unified Anglo-Saxon tribes; provided education to all free men Role of the Church (Christianity) unified the clans

through a common sense of morality; provided a link between England and Europe Role of Women gracious towards men; keeper of the mead Beowulf Review: Beowulf epic hero; saves the Danes; becomes a king Grendels Mother seeks man-price (Weirgeld); defeated by giants sword (killed by Beowulf) Aeschere Hrothgars best friend killed by Grendels Mother (Weirgeld)

Grendel angered by singing in the mead hall; descendent of Cain; symbolizes anarchy Beowulf Review: Hrothgar great (generous king of the Danes) Unferth brother-slayer; challenges Beowulfs reputation (flyting) The Dragon symbolizes death; attacks Beowulfs kingdom after a jeweled cup is stolen from its treasure hoard; kills Beowulf; killed by Wiglaf

Beowulf Review (Important People and Places): Man-Price payment / retribution for killing anothers kinsman (Weirgeld) Cain Biblical allusion (first brother-slayer); fathered demon race Heorot Hrothgars great mead hall (attacked for 12 yrs by Grendel) Hubris destructive pride (Beowulfs final battle) Hrunting Unferths sword; fails in battle against Grendels Mother Brother-Slayer ultimate Anglo-Saxon crime because

loyalty is their most important quality Beowulf Review (Important Literary Terms): Epic long narrative poem telling about the deeds of great hero and reflecting the social values of the society from which it originated Oral Poetry Anglo-Saxon tradition of memorizing and passing down stories verbally Scop Anglo-Saxon professional poet (memory of the tribe; keeper of the souls) Heroic Tradition Anglo-Saxon practice of composing and

telling stories focused on bravery Elegiac Tradition mood that mourns the passing of an earlier better time Beowulf Review (Important Literary Terms): Flyting argument in verse (Unferths Challenge contains first recorded example) Epithet - descriptive term (word or phrase) accompanying, or occurring in place of, a name, and having entered common usage (LIKE A KENNING) Foreshadowing - clues for the reader to be able to predict what

might occur later Kenning a descriptive figure of speech that takes the place of a familiar noun; Anglo-Saxon poetic device Riddle elaborate and artful description of ordinary objects; used to prove mental dominance Theme memento mori (achieve adoration) Historical relevance: Author: Geoffrey Chaucer Setting: Spring (symbolizes change purpose of satire) Purpose for Voyage: St. Thomas Becket (forgiveness,

healing, required, give thanks) Literary Importance: popularized Middle English; gave the power to the peasants Social Issues: Bubonic Plague, Church Corruption, Peasants Revolt, Materialism Know the purpose of the Prologue Exposition = Characterization Know the seven deadly sins Pride (worst), Anger, Greed, Wrath, Gluttony, Sloth, Lust

Know the three religious vows / what pilgrims must keep them Poverty, Chastity and Obedience (only ECCLESIASTICAL) Focus on the following pilgrims: Knight - highest ranking, back from crusade, purpose to give thanks Squire - Preoccupied with love, represents lust Yoeman - Hunts, wears all green (practical) = LOGIC Cook - Infected ulcer on his knee = PLAGUE! Conveys the theme, appearances can be deceiving

Merchant Picture of wealth but actually in debt on the run! Host - his idea to tell the stories (contest for free dinner) Wife of Bath - inherited money from four dead husbands! Expert at love and relationships Pardoner worst in Chaucers opinion, represents Pride, sells fake relics (makes a mockery out of the values of the Church) The Canterbury Tales Frame Narrative (stories within a story) Basic Plot:

12 pilgrims (religious travelers) journey to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket. To pass the time the Host suggests they have a contest: Each pilgrim will tell a story and the one that is the most entertaining as well as the one that teaches the best lesson wins. The winner will receive a dinner paid for by all Middle English - peasant language (gives power to the commoners!) Prologue:

He picked 7 9 people and/or professions and used humor, wit, and vivid description (satire) to characterize each in his prologue. Characterization revealed the flaws / positive traits of each individual Consequently, Chaucer sent a message about the given social group 1. Why is Chaucer considered Englands first political satirist? Wrote in Middle English (peasant language)

Satirist brought attention to corruption Used Exemplum short story designed to teach a moral lesson (homily) 2. Provide a diagram of the Feudal Systems class structure. King Lord Knight

Serf 3. What was the basis for the Feudal System? Kings owned land Lords possessed land (given by king) Knights protected land pledged loyalty and military service Serfs worked the land (in debt; slaves) 4. How did the crusades

influence Medieval Literature? idealized knighthood (chivalry) Led to genre: Medieval Romance It took 14 yrs to become a Knight!

5. Outline 3+ characteristics of Medieval Literature. Written to entertain / praise the French nobility Primarily upper class characters Central plot = Knights quest; love Characteristics: magic, adventure, lady in distress, vague setting 6. Outline 3+ characteristics of City Literature. Reaction to inaccurate portrayal of upper

class in Medieval Romance Emerged after serfs bought their freedom (sheep = freedom) Written in Middle English Satire Goal = unify and inform the Middle Class 7. List 3+ reasons the Medieval Church was an important force in Medieval culture and literature.

Publisher = transcribed all texts Librarian = preserved all texts Teacher = centers of education Canterbury Tales: Prologue Introduces all the pilgrims (travelers) Describes them (symbolic) Gives brief overview of their personality Satire (like a mirror) Uses comedy and exaggeration to help people realize flaws

- As a result of Chaucers writing - Literature becomes political venue - Chaucer demonstrates the power of satire - Increased emphasis of education - Working class uses pamphlets to organize and revolt! Vice Virtue Lust

Chastity Gluttony Temperance Greed Charity Sloth Diligence Wrath Patience Envy Kindness PrideHumility The archetypes:

Survivor, fighter, serial lover, lush, snob, bully, adulterer, hunter, preacher, convict, fugitive, philosopher, serial killer, a con-artist, and an infected As you read, see if you can figure out whos who! Pilgrim Description Knight Blood on tunic Giving thanks

Squire Long, blond curls Fancy clothes Lover not a fighter Irony / Message Highest rank, but most humble Vanity; Lust Not prepared for battle

Pilgrim Description Irony / Message Prioress Speaks incorrect French Pride; Lust Wears red lipstick Clergy is corrupt (prostitute)

Oxford Cleric Lazy; smart Borrows money for books Sloth Should use knowledge to make a

difference Pilgrim Description Franklin Retired sheriff Epicurean Cook Irony /

Message Gluttony Infected boil on his knee Appearances Has plague; good cook can be deceiving Pilgrim Physician Description

Irony / Message Involved in scam with Appearances apothecary can be deceiving Wife of Bath Gap between teeth; Lust big hips (romantically Temptress talented)

Inherited money (4 dead husbands) Pilgrim Miller Description Enormous; red hair Started fight with man he was robbing

Irony / Message Wrath Plowman Poorest One with the Donates 10% to Church least gives the most Pilgrim Description

Irony / Message Host Chaucers voice Devises contest idea Lawyer Knows every law but Appearances

never won a case can be deceiving Pardoner Cons people out of money in the name of the Church Pride Worst in

Chaucers opinion REMEMBER: Characteristics of Medieval Romance: A tale of high adventure (crusade, knights adventure, rescue a lady in distress) Idealizes chivalry and knights Plot based on knights love for a lady Imaginary and vague settings (No true sense of time or location) Often involves magic / supernatural

REMEMBER: Characteristics of City Literature: Satire (parody) Unifies, inspires and informs middle and lower class Used to identify corruption and criticize governing forces Chaucer popularizes (Middle English; printing press) Medieval Law = Ordeals

Guilt or innocent determined by subjecting accused to a painful or impossible task Based on the premise that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on their behalf. Forbidden by Pope Innocent III Wager of Law replaces ordeal Take oath; 12 people vouch for accused Types of Ordeals: Ordeal by fire (hot coals; boiling oil or lead) Ordeal by hot or cold water (boiling water; submersion)

Ordeal by ingestion (poison; twisted substances) Ordeal by torture (confession means guilty) Ordeal by combat (winner = innocent) Ordeal by quest (survive; acquire object; answer question = innocence) The Wife of Bath = Temptress archetype Story parody of Medieval Romance Knight must complete an ordeal

Story part of the marriage group Criticizes gender inequality, justice system and social class bias Read The Wife of Baths Tale and answer all reading guide questions Complete Reading Guide Notes: Wife of Baths Themes: Appearances can be Deceiving; Gender Equality; Benefits of Poverty The Wife of Bath owned a clothing business in

London. She is one of the first and most memorable feminist narrators in satirical fiction. Biblically, it challenges the view that Eve caused the fall of man.

Incubus evil spirit (impregnates women) Implored - begged Extort get by threats and/or violence Cosseted - pampered Midas mythical king; everything he touches turns to gold

Ovid Roman poet (topics = love; seduction; transformation) Sovereignty power (over another) Bequest gift left through means of a will Prowess outstanding ability Temporal earthly; not spiritual Churl ill-mannered person; fool 1. Define the following in relationship to the plot of the Wife of Baths Tale Crime: Rape

Ordeal: 1 year and 1 day to find the answer to, What women most desire Quest: Traveled the kingdom asking every women he encountered for the answer (gender flaws revealed to society) Answer: self-same sovereignty over their husband as their lover. (Power)

Ultimatum: Choice #1 = beautiful; unfaithful wife Choice #2 = old / ugly; faithful wife Resolution: The Knight tells her to decide (gives her power) = gets beautiful; faithful wife Message = equality yields benefits 2. What is the Wife of Baths archetype? Support your identification with 2 supporting

examples. Temptress = archetype Physical description (gap in teeth; hips) Reputation (claims skilled in love) Multiple husbands; but all dead (she possesses their fortune) 3. Explain the moral lesson or theme revealed through the Old Womans comparison of men and fire Social rank and/or gender are no guarantee

of honor, virtue or gentility Message: Equality is just; people are unpredictable Know the Wife of Baths Tale The Knight committed Rape His original sentence was death (beheading!) The Knights second sentence was issued by The Queen

It stated 1yr and 1 day to find What women most desire The Knight and the old woman agree that He will marry her in exchange for the correct answer Know the Wife of Baths Tale The correct answer to the Knights question is self-same sovereignty over her husband and her lover = power The Knights initial response to the payment the woman demands

Take everything but his love = shallow / superficial The final choice the old woman offers the man is Choice #1 beautiful but unfaithful Choice #2 old / ugly but faithful His response is She may choose (he gave her power! She gives him both beautiful / faithful) Know the Wife of Baths Tale What criticism of women does the Wife of Bath offer? Controlled by emotion (too sensitive / insecure)

What is the rhetorical purpose of the Wife of Baths story about Midas Women cant keep a secret; in connection to Ovid reveals everyone has flaws Explain the irony involved in the answer the Knight receives? He was guilty of forcing his will upon a woman the answer reveals they wish to enforce their will upon men Know the Wife of Baths Tale Is the Knights reaction to the old woman an example of direct or indirect characterization? What does it reveal about his character?

Indirect shows he is shallow What point is the narrator making by comparing men to fire? Fire remains fire no matter where it is; however, men do not inherit gentility regardless of rank Paraphrase the old womans views concerning poverty. What satirical message may they convey God chose a life of poverty; not shameful; lesson to learn kindness Know the Wife of Baths Tale Is the Knights reaction to the old woman an example of direct or indirect characterization? What does it reveal about his character?

Indirect shows he is shallow What point is the narrator making by comparing men to fire? Fire remains fire no matter where it is; however, men do not inherit gentility regardless of rank Paraphrase the old womans views concerning poverty. What satirical message may they convey God chose a life of poverty; not shameful; lesson to learn kindness What if you were told Baby Carrots Warning: A recent email flier warns that baby carrots sold in supermarkets pose a health risk

because they're processed in chlorine. Or Cook an egg with your phone: Two Russian scientist recently proved you can cook (hard-boil) an egg by placing it between two cell phones and texting back and forth! Think about the previous scenarios, as well as other Urban Legends you have heard. What are the main characteristics of such narratives? What type of impact do such characteristics have on the

reader and/or listener? Why would an author use this style? Best submitted legend: The Flat Tire: Two students decide to go skiing for the weekend, and are having such a good time they decide to blow off the calculus exam They decide to tell their professor that they got a flat tire and therefore deserve to take the exam at a rescheduled time. Hearing the story, said professor agrees . At the appointed time, the professor greets them and places them in two separate rooms to take

the exam. The few questions on the first page are worth a minor 10% of the overall grade, and are quite easy. Each student grows progressively confident as they take the test, sure that they have gotten away with fooling the professor. However, when they turn to the second page they discover that they really haven't. The only question on the page, worth 90% of the exam, reads: "Which tire?" Pardoners Tale = Exemplum Exemplum anecdote inserted into a sermon to teach a moral lesson.

Similar to an urban legend same characteristics CHARACTERISTICS: 1. seek to provide a warning (lesson) 2. use general characters (no specific names) Ex.) Once this guy Ex.) A college student. Ex.) Three friends decided. 3. Contain unexpected twists (irony) 4. Contain elements of suspense and horror

5. Contain graphic or memorable resolutions to conflict to make a clear, memorable point. Pardoners Tale Context: Storys roots are old and widespread Basic Theme: Avarice (greed) is the root of all evil Why is the Pardoner teaching this lesson situational irony? What may be his real motive? THE PARDONER

Hair = yellow as wax; Fell thinly like rat tails Small voice of a goat "I think he was a gelding or a mare"? Entire bag of fake relics to sell Brags about it! = Pride Takes advantage of peoples faith (Worst in Chaucers opinion) The Trickster - tries to manipulate the surroundings to

ensure that he/she will win or benefit ASSIGNMENT: (1) Define vocab (2) Read The Pardoners Tale (3) Answer all comprehension questions (due at the end of the period)

Absolution formal forgiveness Pallor Paleness; white Sauntered walk with confidence; stroll Superfluity - excess

Carouses party; drink and celebrate noisily Abominable disgusting; hateful Avarice - greed Covetousness quality of craving wealth Perdition doomed to hell Beck summon (subject to fortunes will); destiny calls 1. Identify and define two themes evident in The Pardoners Tale. Money is the root of all evil (Pardoners message)

Appearances can be deceiving (Irony in tale) 2. Provide and explain 2 examples of situational irony in The Pardoners Tale. Fortune = misfortune Pardoner always preaches against avarice (greed); yet is greedy Rioters want to kill Death Rioters fear Death killed their friend; yet seek it 3. Provide and explain 2 examples of dramatic

irony in The Pardoners Tale. Reader knows rioters plan to ambush Reader knows poison is in the rioters drinks 4. Provide and explain 2 examples of personification in The Pardoners Tale Fortune (capitalized; friend; finds) Death (kills, waits, search for him) 5. Identify and explain the Pardoners archetype using at least 2 specific supporting examples.

Trickster: manipulate the surroundings to ensure that he/she will win or benefit Cons villagers into feeling guilt Creates fear of wealth Serves in church; but corrupt Sermon about greed; he is greedy Claims money is the root of all evil; correct it is the root of his evil

Pardoners Tale: Opens in a tavern (3 rioters there since the night before) Funeral process (their friend); tavern boy states Death is the killer Tavern boy warns his mother told him be primed to meet Death wherever you go be ready Rioters vow to find and kill Death Old Man: nobody will trade their youth for his age; tells rioters they can find Death under a tree in the grove Rioters actually find gold florins (coins); make plan to sneak it back at night (forget about their initial vow) Youngest goes to get food (poison)

Other two plan ambush (stab in the back) Kill youngest; toast his death drink and be merry later on there will be a corpse to bury drink poison and die Do find death Theme of tale money is the root of all evil Know the Pardoners Tale Dramatic Irony = characterization of Death, two different plans Situational Irony = manner in which they find death, characterization of the Pardoner (narrators purpose) Satire = criticizing Church corruption; blind faith

Personification = Death and Fortune Themes = greed fuels corruption, appearances can be deceiving Giovanni Boccaccio The Decameron - frame narrative Begins with Black Death Seven women and three men flee from plague-ridden Florence

to a villa for two weeks. To pass the time, each tells a story Sound familiar? Falconry or hawking is a sport which involves the use of trained raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game for humans. Historically, falconry was a

popular sport and status symbol among the nobles of Medieval Europe The story illustrates many varieties of love--courtly, maternal, marital, and even human affection for a pet--and highlights the lengths an individual will go in the pursuit of love. How do we define nobility? Who (or what) is the noblest creature in the tale? Although written around 1350, this story is truly

timeless. It has much to suggest about the nature of giving and sacrifice, loss and guilt, fate and redemption, and above all else, love. 1. Describe Frederigo at the start of the story. Why is he this way? Poor; alone Lost his fortune trying to impress Giovanna 2. What role does Giovannas son play in the plots development? Desires Frederigos falcon; inherits estate; becomes ill

Reason Giovanna seeks Frederigo 3. Does Giovanna get what she wants? Explain. Yes Frederigo gives Giovanna the falcon However, it is as dinner; not a gift for her son 4. Does Frederigo get what he wants? Explain. Yes Giovanna marries him However, it is out of respect and understanding not passion (love) Essay Prep:

Be prepared to complete a literary criticism that explains the authors motive, tone and satirical lesson as evidenced in the given text. You will need to be able to construct a persuasive essay that identifies a lesson conveyed to society in one of the following texts: Brave New World, Frankenstein, Beowulf, Pride & Prejudice or The Canterbury Tales. Essay Prep: Brave New World: need for individuality, dangers of

conformity, dangers of technology, role of religion, role of government, etc Frankenstein: danger of hubris, need for ethical regulations, dangers of technology, necessity of love, etc Beowulf: Anglo-Saxon values, danger of hubris, necessity of heroism, etc Pride & Prejudice: Gender Issues, Marriage Issues, necessity of love, etc The Canterbury Tales: Corruption of the Church, Need for Middle Class uprising, Appearances can be deceiving, etc

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