PLASMA DISPLAY PANEL SUB MITT ED BY VA N D A N A UE7465 What is plasma panel display ? PDP is a type of flat panel display Many tiny cells between two panels of glass hold

a mixture of noble gases. The gas in the cells is electrically turned into a plasma which then excites phosphors to emit light. Need For The PDP Former CRT TVS were very bulky. To increase the screen width in a CRT set,

you also have to increase the length of the tube . So overall size increases a lot. Power consumption was high in CRT TVs. To improve the picture quality . What Is Plasma ? Plasma is a partially ionized gas, in which a certain proportion of electrons are free rather than being bound to an atom or molecule. Generated by passing low frequency

RF (<100 kHz) electric field to the gap between two metal electrodes. Basic Construction Of Plasma Display Consists two plates of glass containing gases helium , xenon, neon. These gases are in form of tiny cells Electrodes are there in front and back of these cells

Address electrode is along the rear of glass plate Display electrode which is transparent is in front of glass plate Voltage across electrodes creates ionization of gases to form plasma. Figure showing different layers Colour Controlling The back of each cell is coated with a

phosphor of different colours which are Red ,Blue and Green. These three cells make one pixel. By varying the pulses of current flowing through the different cells thousands of times per second, the control system can vary the intensity of each subpixel colour to create billions of different combinations of red, green and blue.

Figure showing pixels along with the different layers of PDP Contrast Ratio Contrast ratio is the difference between the brightest and darkest parts of an image. Contrast ratios for plasma displays can be as high as 1,000,000:1.

Each cell on a plasma display has to be precharged which doesnt allow plasma to achieve a true black. Screen Burn-in The phosphor compounds which emit the light lose their luminosity with use. Certain areas of the display which are used

more frequently looses its luminosity and the result is called burn-in. Most plasma display producers state a 100,000 hours time before brightness halves, giving it over 10 years of life. Response time A screens response time is a measure of how fast its pixels can complete one full

picture cycle, so that theyre ready to play a part in the next frame of the picture. Screens with long response times can have moving objects looking blurred and smeared. Plasmas uses just a pulse to produce a picture so response time is instantaneous. Viewing angle Viewing angle is the maximum angle at

which a display can be viewed with acceptable visual performance . Due to the fact that Plasma display emit light directly from each of their screen cells or pixels. Plasma TVs can actually be watched from very wide viewing angles without any significant loss in colour or contrast. Energy consumption

Plasma TVs require just a single ignition of a plasma cell to cause a pixel to illuminate. Since darkness is achieved in plasma pixels by stopping electrical current getting into them, it follows that plasma TVs need relatively little power to reproduce dark scenes. So overall energy consumption is less than CRTs but more than LCDs

Advantages of plasma display Slim profile Can be wall mounted Lighter and less bulky than rear-projection televisions Achieves better and more accurate colour reproduction than LCDs (68 billion (236) versus 16.7 million (224)) Produces deep, true blacks allowing for superior contrast ratios (up to 1,000,000:1) Far wider viewing angles than those of LCD (up to

178) Virtually nonexistent motion blur, contributes to the superior performance of when displaying rapid motion Disadvantages of Plasma Display Cost is much high for sizes smaller than 32 inches. Lower brightness which makes it susceptible to reflection glare in bright rooms. Heavier than LCD due to the requirement of a glass

screen to hold the gases. Uses more electricity, on average, than a LCD TV. Less resolution than LCDs Current Market Status Plasma display is facing a tough competition from LCD technology. According to industry estimates, for every one plasma TVs sold there are at least eight

LCD TVs . The sale in Plasma TVs this year is nearly constant whereas for LCD TVs rise in sale is 141 % Reasons For Down Market Plasmas are available in size more than 32 inches whereas demand is more for small size screens . Plasmas cant be used with computers whereas LCD

can be interfaced . Due to improvements in technology LCD has become more slim and lighter than plasmas . Plasmas Doesnt offer high resolution such as 1920 X 1080 (1080P) which is easily available in LCDs Thank You

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