State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 AASHTO

State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 AASHTO SCORT Donald Ludlow, MCP, AICP September 10, 2015 Presentation Map What is State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 Experience of the States Best Practices Lingering Gaps and Potential Improvements Discussion

2 State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 Summarizes state rail planning activity since the publication of Vol 1 (2009) Objective: To serve as a resource to inform the development of future state rail plans. Context

Rapid expansion The number of states engaged in state rail planning (e.g. producing a State Rail Plan) has increased from 12 to over 40 Maturation of Rail Planning The practice has matured to encompass a wide range of approaches Presentation Map What is State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 Experience of the States Best Practices

Lingering Gaps and Potential Improvements Discussion 5 Motivation for Developing a State Rail Plan Why did your state develop its most recent state rail plan? States developed state rail plans to quality for HSIPR Programs and to improve comprehensive multimodal planning. Plans Increasingly Data Driven What are the principal data sources informing the state rail plan?

Data from freight railroads, including empirical and qualitative data, are the single most important source of data for the current generation of state rail plans, followed by STB and Amtrak data. Funding, Prioritization, Coordination are Top Issues What are the most important issues in state rail planning? Rail funding, project lists / prioritization, coordination and multimodal/economic issues are the most important issues in state rail planning. Increasing Sophistication of State Rail Plans How has state rail planning changed since PRIIA? Rail planning has become more comprehensive, oriented toward passenger rail, and

with a focus on funding and implementation. Comprehensive Oriented to passenger rail operations Focused on capital planning and prioritization Reflective of broad stakeholder outreach Customized to unique state circumstances This has become a much higher level policy issue. It is not a simple compilation of inventory. We have developed visions, goals and programs to the extent possible. State DOT Respondent What was Easy and Why?

Developing inventory of existing conditions Safety analysis Compiling past studies Developing passenger project lists What was Difficult, Why, and How to Overcome What was Difficult Staffing the rail plan Funding the plan Prioritizing projects

How was it overcome We borrowed from the Planning Section to assist with the rail plan even though they did not know rail Combining Federal and state funding and leveraging staff Prioritized short term projects and developed strategies for longer-term needs Reliance on a consultant team with national freight railroad experience Did the best we could with what [data] was available Data acquisition and integration PRIIA compliance (for states that do not own

or operate assets) Coordination with Rail staff was a part of the technical review of the longother plans range plan. Predicting the future Relying on available data, best judgement of state and rail stakeholders Presentation Map What is State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2 Experience of the States Best Practices Lingering Gaps and Potential Improvements

Discussion 12 Best Practice Categories

Outreach System Performance and Capacity Communicating Effectively Project Selection and Prioritization Multimodalism Coordination Funding and Financing /Investment Plans Other Topics Outreach Best Practice Examples Identify stakeholders Develop information resources Conduct targeted outreach matching the activity to the

audience A mechanism to allow for continuous feedback Distill strategic meaning from findings and integrate into the state rail plan goals, prioritization, and implementation WISCONSIN SURVEY RESPONSES BY COUNTY System Capacity/Performance Best Practice Examples Identify and obtain data to support

measurement Adapt national forecast information Develop sketch planning tools to predict statewide / corridor level current and future capacity Work closely with carriers in developing metrics and vet findings with carriers Document methodology in lay terms for general audience WASHINGTON RAIL SYSTEM UTILIZATION 2010 AND 2035 Communicating Effectively Best Practice Examples

Most rail plans nationwide take on a very lengthy, wordy form. In order to use the plan as a tool with elected officials and other key administration staff, the plan itself was developed in a reader friendly format, and the typical detailed data which was used to arrive at the recommendations/plan, was provided in appendices. State Survey Respondent Communicating Effectively Best Practice Examples Develop and leverage carrier relationships Develop executive summary or summary report to communicate to mass audience

Utilize graphics, maps, and visualization NORTH CAROLINA RAIL PLANNING PROCESS DIAGRAM Funding and Financing Best Practice Examples Identify potential funding / financing approaches (from Federal, state, local, private sources) Identify gaps in funding and strategies to close gaps through alternative financing or other methods Prioritize projects (where possible) against state / Federal rail planning goals, utilizing available data or insight of rail agency and stakeholders Qualitative prioritization Quantitative prioritization

Vet findings with rail stakeholders and incorporate into state rail plan Funding and Financing Best Practice Examples MICHIGAN INVESTMENT PACKAGES VIRGINIA I-95 CORRIDOR DESCRIPTION (INCLUDING FUNDING) MINNESOTA FIVE-YEAR FREIGHT RAIL EXPENDITURES SUMMARY Presentation Map What is State Rail Planning Best Practices Volume 2

Experience of the States Best Practices Lingering Gaps and Potential Improvements Discussion 20 Lingering Gaps and Potential Improvements Disconnects (strategic-programmatic, forecasts) Disconnect between history, inventory of assets, and demand data to strategic actions (vision, goals, objectives, investments)

Uniformity (pluses and minuses) Advantage of a common base and approach Potential lack of customization to state specific circumstances Implementation Could be improved to reflect full depth of data analysis and consultations conducted (e.g. advice on how to advance the findings of the rail plan) Presentation Map What is Big Data What do Big Data allow us to do? Challenges of Using Big Data Opportunities for the Future

Discussion 22 Discussion By the end of 2015, 46 states will have finalized or substantially completed rail plan plans or updates Is the Golden Age of rail planning over? Project pipeline development How do we integrate lessons learned during post-PRIIA period? Watch the first-generation update states for cost-saving approaches and other best practices

What does the DRIVE Act mean for state rail planning? What does the PRIIA period of rail planning portend for freight plans? Questions and Discussion Donald Ludlow, MCP, AICP Managing Director 1050 Connecticut Ave. NW, 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20036 T: +1 202 772 3368 | C: +1 703 216 2872 | [email protected] | www.cpcstrans.com 24 Introduction to CPCS

Global management consulting firm (formerly consulting arm of Canadian Pacific Railway, est. 1969) Strategy, economic analysis, policy, specific to transportation and energy sectors Multimodal transportation practice (road, rail, air, marine, pipeline) Global presence and experience Over 1000 projects in more than 90 countries Recent North American project experience:

Alternative Funding and Financing Mechanisms for Passenger and Freight Rail Projects (NCRRP 1) Arizona State Freight Plan (ongoing) Quebec Provincial Freight Plan Multi-modal Freight Transportation Within the Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Basin (NCFRP 35) Dozens of multimodal freight studies CPCS countries of work experience (shaded) and offices 25

Summary of Recent CPCS Experience Freight Rail Port & Terminals 100+ Strategy projects 8 Transactions $3+ billion in deals 35+ Strategy

projects 30+ Transactions $5+ billion in deals Multimodal Transport 30+ Strategy projects Passenger & Transit 10+ Strategy projects 3 transactions

$3 billion in deals 26

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