Grammaire Le pass compos Franais 2 Le pass

Grammaire Le pass compos Franais 2 Le pass compos 1. In French, you use the pass compos to talk about an action completed in the past. It is composed of two (2) words. Regardez __________________________________

Le Le Le Pass Prsent Futur (Happened in the past) (Happening now) (Will happen)

2. La structure -The pass compos of most French verbs is formed by using the present tense of the verb avoir and the participe pass or past participle of a second verb. Here are the rules for forming this tense: A.

Avoir functions as the auxiliary verb and it must be conjugated (as you learned in French 1). ESSAYEZ avoir (to have) J ai Nous avons

Tu as Vous avez Il/Elle/ a On Ils/Elles ont Paul These noun

Anne subjects take Le garon the same form La fille as their pronouns!

Paul et Luc Anne et Lise Les garons Les filles These noun subjects take the same form as their

pronouns! B. Le participe pass or the past participle for regular ER verbs is formed by 1. Dropping the -ER ending from the infinitive and

2. Adding to the stem. Par exemple - parler parler parl tlphoner tlphoner tlphon

danser danser dans 3. Modle La conjugaison du verbe parler au pass compos 1st parler (to talk)

Singulier Pluriel jai parl nous avons parl 2nd tu as parl vous avez parl 3rd il/elle a parl on

ils/elles ont parl En anglais Jai parl = I spoke./I have spoken./I did speak. What about regular IR and RE verbs?

A. You will continue to conjugate avoir to match your subject. B. You will also continue to use a participe pass or past participle, but its formation is slightly different

For -IR verbs, delete the ir and add -i to the end. Ex. choisir choisir choisi Ex. finir finir fini For RE verbs, delete the re and add u to

the end. Ex. vendre vendre vendu Ex. attendre attendre attendu Modles -

Tu as choisi le CD de James Brown. Jai fini les escargots. Nous avons vendu notre chat.

Elles ont attendu le train. 5. Au ngatif Place ne and pas around the form of the verb avoir. subject + n + form of avoir + pas + participe pass Par exemple -Tu

nas pas parl. (You did not speak.) Je nai pas achet la voiture.

(I did not buy the car.) Elle na pas vendu la motocyclette. (She did not sell the motorcycle.)

Vous navez pas choisi ce CD. (You all did not choose that CD.) Fin!

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