SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS CONJUGATION RULES Regular Verbs -ER Verb

SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS CONJUGATION RULES Regular Verbs -ER Verb (parler) Je parle Nous parlions that I speak that we speak Tu parles Vous parliez that you speak that you (all) speak

Il/Elle/On parle Ils/Elles parlent that he/she/it speaks that they speak -IR Verb (finir) Je finisse Nous finissions that I finish that we finish Tu finisses Vous finissiez that you finish

that you (all) finish Il/Elle/On finisse Ils/Elles finissent that he/she/it finishes that they finish -RE Verb (vendre) Je vende Nous vendions that I sell that we sell Tu vendes

Vous vendiez that you sell that you (all) sell Il/Elle/On vende Ils/Elles vendent that he/she/it sells that they sell NOTEWORTHY VERBS Irregular Present Indicative Conjugations Infinitive Stem

Subjunctive ouvrir ils ouvrent que j ouvre que vous ouvriez Courir ils courent que je coure que vous couriez Offrir ils offrent

que j offre que vous offriez Partir ils partent que je parte que vous partiez Dormir ils dorment que je dorme que vous dormiez Servir

ils servent que je serve que vous serviez Mettre ils mettent que je mette que vous mettiez Lire ils lisent que je lise que vous lisiez

crire ils crivent que j crive que vous criviez Suivre ils suivent que je suive que vous suiviez Dire ils disent que je dise

que vous disiez Conduire Ils conduisent que je conduise que vous conduisiez connatre ils connaissent que je connaisse que vous connaissiez Infinitive Stem

Subjunctive prendre ils prennent que je prenne que vous preniez apprendre ils apprennent que j apprenne que vous appreniez comprendre ils comprennent

que je comprenne que vous compreniez venir ils viennent que je vienne que vous veniez recevoir ils reoivent que je reoive que vous receviez devoir

ils doivent que je doive que vous deviez voir ils voient que je voie que vous voyiez croire ils croient que je croie que vous croyiez

appeler ils appellent que j appelle que vous appeliez acheter ils achtent que j achte que vous achetiez rpter Ils rptent que je rpte

que vous rptiez DOUBLE STEM (BOOT) VERBS boire (to drink) Je boive Nous buvions that I drink that we drink Tu boives Vous buviez that you drink that you (all) drink

Il/Elle/On boive that he/she/it drinks Ils/Elles boivent that they drink envoyer (to send) J envoie Nous envoyions that I send that we send Tu envoies Vous envoyiez that you send

that you (all) send Il/Elle/On envoie that he/she/it sends Ils/Elles envoient that they send prendre (to take) Je prenne Nous prenions that I take that we take Tu prennes

Vous preniez that you take that you (all) take Il/Elle/On prenne that he/she/it takes Ils/Elles prennent that they take venir (to come) Je vienne Nous venions that I come that we come

Tu viennes Vous veniez that you come that you (all) come Il/Elle/On vienne that he/she/it comes Ils/Elles viennent that they come IRREGULAR STEMS, NORMAL ENDINGS Savoir (to Know) Je sache

Nous sachions that I know that we know Tu saches Vous sachiez that you know that you (all) know Il/Elle/On sache that he/she/it knows Ils/Elles sachent that they know

Faire (to do/make) Je fasse Nous fassions that I do/make that we do/make Tu fasses Vous fassiez that you do/make that you (all) do/make Il/Elle/On fasse that he/she/it does/makes

Ils/Elles fassent that they do/make Pouvoir (to be able to) Je puisse Nous puissions that I can that we can Tu puisses Vous puissiez that you can that you (all) can Il/Elle/On puisse

that he/she/it can Ils/Elles puissent that they can Aller (to go) J aille Nous allions that I go that we go Tu ailles Vous alliez that you go

that you (all) go Il/Elle/On aille that he/she/it goes Ils/Elles aillent that they go Vouloir (to want) Je veuille Nous voulions that I want that we want Tu veuilles Vous vouliez

that you want that you (all) want Il/Elle/On veuille that he/she/it wants Ils/Elles veuillent that they want IRREGULAR STEMS, IRREGULAR ENDINGS Avoir (to have) J aie Nous ayons that I have

that we have Tu aies Vous ayez that you have that you (all) have Il/Elle/On ait that he/she/it has Ils/Elles aient that they have tre (to be) Je sois

Nous soyons that I am that we are Tu sois Vous soyez that you are that you (all) are Il/Elle/On soit that he/she/it is Ils/Elles soient that they are

POTPOURRI Also Note: Pleuvoir (to cry/to rain) and Falloir (must) are only used in the third person Pleuvoir Falloir quil pleuve quil faille USES OF THE SUBJUNCTIVE Expressing Necessity or Possibility Les expressions de ncessit ou de possibilit il faut que (it is necessary ) il est ncessaire que il est important que il vaut mieux que (it is better ...) il se peut que (one could possibly )

il est possible que il est impossible que Expressing Wishes, Preferences, and Demands aprs les verbes de volont Vouloir que Avoir envie que (feels like ) Aimer (mieux) que (prefers ) Prfrer que Souhaiter que (wishes ) Exiger que (requires ) Expressing emotional reactions (to the actions of others) aprs les expressions dmotion tre content (e) tre tonn (e) tre heureux (euse)

regretter tre triste avoir peur tre dsol (e) cest dommage Expressing uncertainty or uniqueness dans les proposition relative et aprs le superlatif If a relative clause (qui/que) modifies a noun that refers to a specific, definite person or thing, the indicative is used Je connais quelquun qui connat bien la langue franaise If the relative clause (qui/que) modifies a noun that refers to an indefinite person or thing, the subjunctive is used Je cherche quelquun qui connaisse bien la langue franaise

the subjunctive is also used in a relative clause that modifies a superlative, negative, or restrictive statement (based on the speakers opinion or emotion, rather than reality) Cest la emilleure chanteuse que je connaisse Il ny a personne qui puisse jouer de la guitare comme lui Cest la seule personne que sache le faire Expressing uncertainty or doubt avec les expression de doute Subjunctive Indicative douter que ne pas douter que ne pas tre certain (e) que tre certain (e) que

ne pas croire que croire que ne pas penser que penser que il nest pas sr que il est sr que il nest pas certain que il est certain que il nest pas probable que il est probable que il nest pas vident que

il est vident que a (m) tonnerait que After conjunctions aprs des conjonctions bien que although quoique although pourvu que provided that moins que unless sans que without de crainte que for fear that de peur que for fear that

de sorte que so that de faon que so that de manire que so that pour que in order that afin que in order that avant que before jusqu ce que until Note: The following conjunctions are often used with ne in the

dependent clause. The ne in this case does not indicate a negative avant que moins que de peur que de crainte que Je ne voudrais te parler avant que tu (ne) partes. Je lui parlerai ce soir, moins quelle (ne) doives travailler PAST SUBJUNCTIVE Expressing emotions or opinions about past events The past subjunctive is formed using the present subjunctive or the helping verb tre or avoir and the past participle of the verb (like the pass compos) Je souhaite quil ne mait pas oubli Je suis trs content quils soient venus Cest la meilleure chanson que jaie jamais entendue

Examples Parler que jaie parl que nous ayons parl que tu aies parl que vous ayez parl quil ait parl quils aient parl arriver que je sois arriv (e) que nous soyons arriv(e)s que tu sois arriv (e)

que vous soyez arriv(e)(s) quelle soit arrive quelles soient arrives

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