The impact of added sugar in the diets

The impact of added sugar in the diets of young children Originally Created by Cyndi Willmarth, M. Ed. And Presented by Cyndi Willmarth and Mendy Covington Kentucky Department of Education School and Community Nutrition August 2011 GOALS: 1. Learn what sugar is.

2. Know the similarities and difference between naturally occurring sugars and added sugars. 3.Learn the daily limits of added sugar according to the American Heart Association, American Dietetic Association, and the USDA. 4. Know why there are agreed upon limits of daily added sugar consumption. 5. Know why products have added

sugar and identify the various names for these sugars. GOALS : 6.Know what kind of products have added sugar and examine commonly used added sugar items in child care centers, home care programs, and preschools. .

7.Compare and contrast amounts of added sugar in everyday items. 8.Learn how to examine and create menus with limited amounts of added sugar Sugar Quiz! So what exactly IS sugar?

*A variety of naturally occurring compounds *Found mainly in plants (fruits, vegetables, and grains) *Gives the food varying degrees of the taste sweet. *Refined sugar is processed natural sugar *Sugarcane and Sugarbeet are main sources Milk Sugars (sometimes called lactose) is a naturally occurring

sweet compound in dairy products. Added Sugars: Refined Sugars ADDED to food in addition to the naturally occurring sugars. Names for Sugar barley malt beet sugar brown sugar buttered syrup

cane-juice crystals cane sugar caramel carob syrup corn syrup corn syrup solids date sugar dextran dextrose diatase diastatic malt fructose

fruit juice fruit juice concentrate glucose glucose solids golden sugar golden syrup grape sugar high-fructose corn syrup honey invert sugar lactose malt syrup

maltodextrin maltose molasses raw sugar refiner's syrup sorghum syrup sucrose sugar turbinado sugar yellow sugar Remember: Both natural and processed

sugar have many different names. Different kinds of sugar are used in products for different reasons. If the name ends in ol the substance is a sugar alcohol. Sugar alcohols are not sugar or alcohol. Are a type of artificial sweetener.

YES! *Sugars are simple carbohydrates *Source of energy both as immediate energy, and as stored energy. *Sugars are good for the brain. *In the past, the benefits of consuming sugar were commonly marketed. Yes! Too much sugar in a persons diet can be a trigger to a multitude of health problems. For young children, too much sugar, especially added sugar, may contribute to a life time of health issues and poor eating habits.

Tooth decay Poor nutrition Weight gain Sugar Suppresses the Immune System Sugar can weaken the eyesight Sugar can exacerbate PMS Sugar contributes to premature aging

Sugar causes dizziness Sugar can damage the liver and pancreas Sugar causes hyperactivity and anxiety in young children Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis

Sugar can contribute to eczema in children Sugar contributes to gall stones and heart disease Sugar causes constipation and varicose veins If you arent feeling good..check your sugar consumption!

Sugar can cause headaches, especially migraines. When too much sugar is consumed at once, the body is flooded with insulin which ultimately causes your body to crash, i.e feel tired, weak, unable to focus.

Wish I would have chose WATER instead of the Big Gulp.. Added Sugar Consumption Limits From the 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines and the American Heart Association Actual Average Added Sugar Consumption based on study

conducted by American Heart Association Women: No more than 6 Teaspoons of added sugar per day Women: 22 Teaspoons of added sugar per day

Men: No More than 9 Teaspoons of added sugar per day Men: 22 Teaspoons of added sugar per day Added Sugar Consumption

Limits From the 2010 USDA Dietary Guidelines and the American Heart Association Children: No More than 4 Teaspoons per day Actual Average Added Sugar Consumption based on study conducted by American Heart

Association Children: 12 Teaspoons of added sugar per day (preschool) WHY??? School Age21 Teaspoons of added sugar per day (school age)

n o s s e L y r o t s Hi

All About Added Sugar! (510 BC) -First used in Polynesia -Closely guarded SECRET -Called the reed which gives honey without bees. -Very difficult to harvest, cultivate and refine -Limited sugar expansion as countries invaded other countries (1099) -Sugar was discovered by western Europeans as a result of

the crusades. -The next few centuries saw a major expansion of western European trade with the East, including sugar. -It was expensive though$100 for 2 pounds in todays prices! (15 century) -Columbus took sugarcane to the New World and quickly found the Caribbean a perfect place to grow the cane.

(1800 )-Wide Spread Sugar Production -Comparatively inexpensive and could be purchased in large quantities. -Sugar started to be used on a regular basis by more and more people. (1750) -There were 120 sugar refineries in Britain. -Called white gold. -Taxed highly -Caused wars - Slaves were forcibly brought over from Africa to the Caribbean to cultivate the sugar cane fields.

(1886) Current: -Most sugar in US imported from Brazil -Processing the sugarcane has become much mor streamlined as technology has improved. -The demand for sugar increases every year. Modern Day Added Sugar Production and Consumption: Who, What and Why? Sugar, At the end of the 19th century (1887-1890), the

average American consumed 5 lbs. of added sugar per year. Today, an average American consumes 2-3 pounds of sugar each week. Need more sugar Sugar, SUGAR !! Over the last 20 years, sugar consumption

in the U.S. has increased from 26 pounds to 135 lbs. of sugar per person per year. (60 lbs is High Fructose Corn Syrup) Added Sugar consumption includes table sugar and highly refined sugars that are incorporated into many of the foods we eat (bread, peanut butter, condiments, sauces, etc.). Some of these are better known as sucrose (table sugar), dextrose (corn sugar), and high-fructose corn syrup. Why do companies add

sugar to their products? Gives baked goods texture and color Fuels fermentation which enables bread to rise Helps preserve foods such as jams and jellies Why do companies add sugar to their products?

Serves as a bulking agent in baked goods and ice cream Balances the acidity of foods containing vinegar and tomatoes Boosts Flavor Makes you want MORE!!

High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) Used in much greater quantity in the United States than table sugar, because it is significantly less expensive to produce and transport. Produced in US using corn, a government subsidized crop. High-fructose corn syrup is the most common added sweetener in processed foods and beverages. (Soda!) High-fructose corn syrup is produced by milling corn (not sugar cane or sugar beet as in typical table sugar. ) Per gram, It is much sweeter than table sugar. Research is currently being conducted to determ

the effect of HFCS on the body. Does the bod process it and store it differently? Coincidence or Not? In the 40 years since the introduction of high-fructose corn syrup as a cost-effective sweetener in the American diet, rates of obesity in the U.S. have skyrocketed, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention RECAP Sugar provides necessary energy for the body.

Sugar has many names. Some of these names may be very unfamiliar to most people. Parents and caregivers need to be especially mindful of the added sugar in the diets of young children. Children's nutritional needs are great and good/bad habits develop early. Sugar is a natural substance that comes from the fruits, vegetables,

grains, and dairy products. Refined sugar is plant sugar that has been chemically processed. Added sugar is refined sugar that is added to food for a variety of reasons. Eating too much sugar on a daily basis, and over time can have detrimental effects on the body. Added Sugar: In What?

How Much?? Part 2 Just How Much Sugar is in That? Sugar is listed on product labels in GRAMS 4 grams of sugar equals one teaspoon of sugar 1 teaspoon (4 grams)= =1sugar packet (4 grams)

Lets Practice! = 1 sugar cube (4 grams) Just How Much Sugar is in That? 16 grams of sugar equals 31 grams of sugar equals. 44 grams of sugar equals

4 teaspoons (7.75) Almost 8 teaspoons 11 teaspoons REMINDER: Children should get no more than 4 teaspoons of added sugar per day. 4 teaspoons equals.

16 grams of added sugar Lets Look at Some Sugar Stacks! (www. Sugarstacks.com) Vitamin Water- B Relaxed (Jackfruit and Guava Flavor) 8 oz 3 teaspoons 13 grams

20 oz 8 tsp. 33 grams Capri Sun Pacific Cooler 4 teaspoons 18 grams Minute Maid Lemonade

8 oz 6 teaspoons 27 grams 20 oz 16 tsp 67 grams 32 ounce Big Gulp (Coca-Cola) and a 44 ounce Super Big Gulp (15% Ice in Cup) 32 oz 33 teaspoons

91 grams 44 oz 32 teaspoons 128 grams A word about 100% juice 100% Apple Juice 8 oz 6 tsp sugar 26 grams

16 oz 13 tsp 52 grams Yoplait Light Yogurt (6 oz) 3 tsp 14 grams Yoplait Yogurt, Strawberry Flavored (6 oz) 6 tsps

27 grams Graham Crackers (2 sheets/4 squares) 2 tsp 8 grams Fig Newton's (2 cookies/29 grams) 3-5 year old snack serving size (School Agers) 4 cookies

6 tsp 24 grams 2 cookies 3 taps 12 grams 1 Tablespoon Ketchup Has 1 tsp sugar 4 grams (A ketchup packet has about teaspoon sugar)

Pop Tarts Frosted Cherry 4 tsps 17 grams 2 plain Eggo waffles with cup syrup 8 tsps 35 grams 1 tsp 4 grams

One Cup Cheerios Cereal teaspoon 1 gram sugar Starbucks Mocha Frappuccino 47 Grams Slurpee: 28 oz Cherry and 40 oz Cola 7-Eleven

Slurpee, Fanta Cherry 7-Eleven Slurpee Coca-Cola 40 oz cup 28 oz cup 63g

90g Will your brain freeze come from the ice or the sugar??? 21 oz (Medium) Chocolate Shake from McDonalds 111 grams Added Sugar in a Typical Day Lets Meet Jordyn!

Jordyn is four years old Jordyn attends Happy Camper Preschool and Day Care Monday through Friday Jordyn likes dinosaurs, playing with his best friend Shawn, and going outside. Jordyns favorite foods are macaroni and cheese, chicken nuggets, and strawberries.

A typical daily diet for Jordyn 6:30 AM Snack in the car on the way to school: 8:30 Breakfast at Day Care Center: 11:30 Lunch at Day Care Center 2:30 PM Snack at Day Care Center 5:30 Snack in the car on way to McDonalds

6:00 McDonalds Happy Meal A typical daily diet for Jordyn Grams of Added Sugar 6:30 AM Snack in the car on the way to school: 8:30 Breakfast at Day Care Center: 13 g 35 g (muffin only) 14 g (sauce and peaches)

11:30 Lunch at Day Care Center 8g 2:30 PM Snack at Day Care Center 5:30 Snack in the car on way to McDonalds 6:00 McDonalds Happy Meal 18 g

114 g = 28.5 teaspoons ! 4g + 6g+ 16g=26 g Lets Make Some Changes in the Day Care Center! Grams of Added Sugar 6:30 AM Snack in the car on the way to school: 13 g 8:30 Breakfast at Day Care Center:

1 g (cereal) 11:30 Lunch at Day Care Center 2 g (sauce) 0g 2:30 PM Snack at Day Care Center 5:30 Snack in the car on way to McDonalds

6:00 McDonalds Happy Meal 18 g 3 gram from Day Care Center! 4g + 6g+ 16g=26 g 60 grams total or 15 teaspoons

Lets Help Mom and Dad learn about Added Sugars! Grams of Added Sugar 0 grams 6:30 AM Snack in the car on the way to school: 8:30 Breakfast at Day Care Center: 1 g (cereal) 11:30 Lunch at Day Care Center

2 g (sauce) 0g 2:30 PM Snack at Day Care Center 5:30 Snack in the car on way to McDonalds 6:00 McDonalds Happy Meal 3 gram from Day Care Center! 3g

4g + 6g=10 g 16 grams total or 4 teaspoons total! A Word About Sugar Advertising and Marketing. Just because its natural or wholesome doesnt

necessarily make it good for you. Remember..sugar is natural! Read the labels and know your product! Lets Go Over the Quiz! The Last WordHow Sweet it is! Read the labels of all packaged food you buy, prepare, or eat. Look for sugar names, and look

at how many grams of sugar are in the product. Artificial sweeteners do not have the empty calories of sugar, but they do contribute to your craving of more sugar. Processed /Packaged Foods have added sugar. Whole Foods do not. Limit packaged foods and you limit added sugar! Little changes make a big impact, especially in the lives of young children. Remember.bad and GOOD habits start early. Young children depend on YOU to support learning good habits.

Thank you for taking good care of us!

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