False Codling Moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta False Codling Moth

False Codling Moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta False Codling Moth Other common names: citrus codling moth, orange codling moth, orange moth, palomilla de la naranja, fausse carpocapse, and teigne de loranger Native to Africa Economic pest Not yet in the United

States Image credits: Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein, TortAI: Tortricids of Agricultural Importance, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org 5482546 Potential Distribution in the U.S. Risk Map Thaumatotibia leucotreta, False Codling Moth A singe male moth was found in Ventura, CA Often intercepted at quarantine

Image credits: Map-USDA Pest Response Guidelines Global Distribution of the False Codling Moth Global distribution Distribution in Africa Image credits: http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/6904 Pest of Fruits and Seeds Very broad host range Some primary hosts include: corn, orange, peach, oak, and cotton

Peach Corn Cotton Oak Image credits: Oak - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oak Peach - https://www.britannica.com/plant/peach Orange By Ellen Levy Finch (Elf) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39146 Corn https://www.britannica.com/plant/corn-plant Cotton - Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=689304 Orange

Damage Image credits: Kenneth R. Law, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org 5471810 Varies depending on host Hidden inside fruit Little or no external signs Can cause premature fruit drop

Can cause secondary infections Life cycle Eggs Larvae Adult Pupae Image credit: Eggs J.H. Hofmeyr, Citrus Research International, Bugwood.org UGA5137015 Larvae Marja van der Straten, NVWA Plant Protection Service, Bugwood.org 5471822 Pupae J.H. Hofmeyr, Citrus Research International, Bugwood.org UGA5137010 Adult -Marja van der

Straten, NVWA Plant Protection Service, Bugwood.org 5471821 Adults Identification 6-9mm long, 2.5mm wide Female: 19-20mm wingspan Male: 15-16mm wingspan Color grayish brown to dark brown or black Distinctive black triangular marking beneath crescent shaped mark on wing edge Female:

Male: Image credits: Female - By Simon Hinkley & Ken Walker, Museum Victoria https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15562337 Male - By Simon Hinkley & Ken Walker, Museum Victoria https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15562343 Lookalikes - Adults Codling moth: Cydia pomonella Eastern pine seedworm: Cydia toreuta Image credits: Codling moth- Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org 5488473 Eastern pine seedworm- Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein, TortAI: Tortricids of Agricultural Importance, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org 5482438 Pupae

Identification 7mm long Males smaller than females Begin soft and cream colored Mature to hardened

yellow to dark brown Sensitive to low temperatures, humidity, and frequent irrigation Image credit: J.H. Hofmeyr, Citrus Research International, Bugwood.org UGA5137009 Larvae Identification

Image credits: Kenneth R. Law, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org 5471816 Larva change as they age Start 1-1.3mm long, end 15 to 20mm Creamy, yellow white bodies that later become pink or red with yelloworange sides Head begins brownish black then

turns light maroon Identification Eggs Translucent white Flattened Oval

0.9-1mm diameter Hatch in 2-22 days Sensitive to cold and low humidity Image credits: J.H. Hofmeyr, Citrus Research International, Bugwood.org UGA5137015 Monitoring Use yellow delta traps

50:50 false codling moth pheromone Stake into ground Hang in trees Image credits: stake d delta trap- http://www.invasive.org/weeds/knapweedbook.pdf two delta traps - William A. Carothers, USDA Forest Service - Bugwood.org, #1515074 Chemical Control Larvae protected inside of fruit Pheromone mating disruption Pyrethroids and chitin inhibitors

Image credits: Helecopter- USDA APHIS PPQ , USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org UGA2651006 Biological Control Image credits: J.H. Hofmeyr, Citrus Research International, Bugwood.org UGA5137008 No native parasitoids Granulosis virus Baculovirus

Sterile insect release Cultural Control Sanitize site Remove infected materials Heavy irrigation can kill pupae Cold treatments (-0.5C) Image credits: Flood irrigation - Gerald Holmes, California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, Bugwood.org 1572692 Log removal Robert L. Anderson, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org UGA0590094

Suspect Sample Submissions Contact your State Department of Agriculture or University Cooperative Extension laboratory http://www.npdn.org/home PPQ form 391, Specimens for Determination https://www.aphis.usda.gov/library/form s/pdf/PPQ_Form_391.pdf

An example of a PPQ form for sample submissions Image credits: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/library/forms/pdf/PPQ_Form_391.pdf Communications Contact your State Plant Health Director https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ ourfocus/planthealth/ppq-program -overview/ct_sphd Contact your State Plant Regulatory Official http://nationalplantboard.org/me

mbership/ Image credits: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome; http://nationalplantboard.org/ Author and Publication Dates Brianna Whitman, B.S. Laboratory Technician, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida Amanda Hodges, Ph.D. Associate Extension Scientist, Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florida Publication date: October 2016

Reviewers Catherine A. Marzolf Assistant State Plant Health Director, USDA APHIS PPQ Educational Disclaimer and Citation This presentation can be used for educational purposes for NON-PROFIT workshops, trainings, etc. Citation: Whitman, Brianna and Amanda Hodges. 2016. False codling moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta. Accessed (add the date) www.protectingusnow.org

Our Partners United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA) United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA APHIS PPQ) Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS) Program National Plant Board (NPB) States Department of Agriculture Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN) Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health (Bugwood) National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

U.S. Forest Service (USFS) References 1. Andermatt Biocontrol. 2016. Cryptex. Andermat Biocontrol AG. Accessed 6/29/16. http://www.export.biocontrol.ch/sites/products/bio-insecticides/baculovirus/cryptex.html 2. Anonymous. 2015. Thaumetotibia leucotreta (false codling moth). Invasive Species Compendium. Accessed 6/29/16. http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/6904 3. Carpenter, J., S. Bloem, and H. Hofmeyr. 2007. Area-wide Control Tactics for the False Codling Moth Thaumatotibia leucortreta in South Africa: a Potential Invasive Species. Area-wide Control of Insect Pests: 351-359. U.S. Government. 4. EPPO. 2016. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization:

Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). OEPP. EPPO. Accessed 6/29/16. https://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/Alert_List/insects/thaumatotibia_leucotreta.htm 5. Gendall, Kierryn Leigh. 2007. Agathis bishop (Nixon) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): its biology and usefulness as a biological control agent for false codling moth (FCM), Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), on citrus. Rhodes University. 6. Gillian, Todd M. and Marc E. Epstein. 2014. TortAI: Tortricids of Agricultural Importance. Colorado State University. Accessed 6/29/16. http://idtools.org/id/leps/tortai/Thaumatotibia_leucotreta.htm References 7. North American Moth Photographers Group. 2016. Mississippi State University, Mississippi Entomological Museum. Accessed 6/29/16.

http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/species.php?hodges=19685 8. Plantwise Technical Factsheet: false codling moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta). 2016. Plantwise Knowledge Bank. Accessed 6/29/16. http://www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank/Datasheet.aspx?dsid=6904 9. U.S. Department Of Agriculture, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Emergency and Domestic Programs. 2010. New Pest Response Guidelines: False Codling Moth Thaumatotibia leucotreta. Riverdale, Maryland http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/manuals/online_manuals.shtml

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Diapositiva 1 - Save the Eagles International

    Diapositiva 1 - Save the Eagles International

    WIND FARMS AND RED KITES GERMANY : 126 RED KITE CARCASSES FOUND UNDER WIND TURBINES ( 116 as at July 27, 2009 as per next chart ) BIRD MORTALITY STATISTICS AT WINDFARMS IN GERMANY WIND FARMS AND RED KITES GERMANY...
  • Accurate Measurement Systems

    Accurate Measurement Systems

    Arial Arial Black YellowSubmarine Times New Roman Industrial design template Accurate Measurement Systems Providing clients the very best service and products for their individual needs via the benefit of industry leading application and installation experience. Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide...
  • WAC Integration Overview Washington State Behavioral Health Services

    WAC Integration Overview Washington State Behavioral Health Services

    WAC. Category. Change. 388-877-0500 (1)(b) Personnel‑‑Agency policies and procedures. Ensures the requirements of WAC 388‑06‑0170 are met if the agency provides services to youths.
  • Folie 1

    Folie 1

    Der Kronzeuge ist eine Grafik über die interaktive Struktur der Bibel, die von Chris Harrision vom Human-Computer Interaction Institute der Carnegie Mellon Universität (Pittsburgh, USA), basierend auf Datensätzen von Christoph Römhild, lutheranischer Pastor aus Hamburg, erstellt wurde.
  • Abraham Maslow

    Abraham Maslow

    According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, when Peter and Tracey move into the Centre and John remains on the street, it can be expected that: Peter and Tracey will begin to function on a higher level than John, as they...
  • Role of Growth Regulators in Banana

    Role of Growth Regulators in Banana

    Spraying of GA3­ on 35 or 55 days old banana bunches three times on alternate days increased the weight and volume of fingers in both young and old bunches. Previous Next End In cultivar Rasthali, hard mass or hard lump,...
  • Presentation Title Will Appear Here

    Presentation Title Will Appear Here

    To BCA Sell GmbH 9100 Success and benefits Qual. Perf. Improvement to Airbus Qual. Perf. Improvement to Boeing Sell GmbH 2008 2009 2010 average average average SA 0,19 0,20 0,13 LR 0,35 0,95 0,24 9100 Success and benefits - Boeing...
  • mod_perl における C10K Problem

    mod_perl における C10K Problem

    → これらの問題を一挙に解決してくれるのが Esehttpd と Pound です エンジニアは、時として相反する2つの命題を 同時に解決しなければならない事がある mod_perl アプリケーション users File Server RDBMS AP server 1 The Internet or intranet 従来の構成では AP Server 1上で、mod ...