How to Make Lesson Plan THINK What is a lesson plan? What is a lesson plan A teachers detailed description of the co urse of instruction for an individual lesson. -- Wikipedia Dictionaries A lesson plan is a written guide for trainer s plans in order to achieve the intended lea rning outcomes. It provides specific definiti on and direction on learning objectives, e quipment, instructional media material requ
irements, and conduct of the training. -- Education Dictionaries THINK What is the purpose of a lesso n plan? Communicate to You THINK What to consider when writin g a lesson plan? Modified from sources: What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan
Technology, software, audio/visuals, teacher mentors, community resources, equipment, library resources, local guest speakers, etc. Subject matter that you will be teaching State/school district curriculum guides National/state curriculum standards Ability & interest levels Backgrounds Attention spans Ability to work together in groups Prior knowledge and learning experiences Special needs or accommodations Learning preferences Know the instructional materials Know the
content Know your students What to consider when writing a lesson plan What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know your st udents Know th e conte nt Know th e materi als Ability & interest levels Backgrounds Attention spans Ability to work together in groups
Prior knowledge and learning expe riences Special needs or accommodations Learning preferences What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know yo ur stude nts Know t he con tent Know th e materi als Subject matter that you will be teaching State/school district curricul
um guides National/state curriculum st andards What to consider when designing a lesson plan? Know yo ur stude nts Know th e conte nt Know t he mat erials Technology Software Audio/visuals Teacher mentors
Community resources Equipment Library resources Local guest speakers Key components of a lesson plan Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Basic information about the les son 1. Materials/ Equipmen
ts 2. Procedure 5. Assessme nt 6. 3. 4. 7. Name of lesson Contributor Subject Grade level
Instructional settings: Small Gro up, Whole class General Description of lesson Standards Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectiv es Materials/ E quipments Procedure Assessmen t
Determine what you want stud ents to learn and be able to do Focus on the concept or skill which you intend to teach E.g. Organize, design and prototy pe content-rich Web sites that ar e easy to navigate and search Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment THINK The types of instructional mat erials Key components of a lesson plan Profile
Materials Objectives Material s/ Equipm ents Procedure Assessmen t Power Point presentations (visual a
ids) Text Books Journal Articles Multimedia materials: Instructional video or audio Job-aid Rubric Checklist Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Assessment THINK The equipment available for t he instructor Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives
E quipmen ts Commonly used instructional eq uipments Software applications PowerPoint Materials/ Media Player
Computer equipment Computer Procedure Assessment Internet connection Video equipment Projector Modified from sources: Designing Instructional Materials Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives
Materials/ Equipment s Procedu re Assessment Outlining the STEPS of the teac hing process Useful Instructional Strategies Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan Key components of a lesson plan Profile
Objectives Materials/ E quipments Procedure Assessm ent Assess the outcome and to wh at extent the objectives were a chieved Ensure the assessment activity is directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives.
Take time to reflect upon the result, and revise the lesson p lan accordingly Profile -> Objectives -> Materials/Equipment -> Procedure -> Closure -> Assessment THINK The assessment activities avail able for the instructor Key components of a lesson plan Profile Objectives Materials/ E quipments Procedure Assessm ent
Some commonly used assessme nt activities: quizzes tests independently performed workshe ets cooperative learning activities hands-on experiments oral discussion question-and-answer sessions
AND Take time to reflect upon the r esult, and revise the lesson pl an accordingly! Three Lesson Plan Models Gagnes Nine Events of Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5Es Model Check handouts for detailed information
THREE LESSON PLAN MODELS Gagnes Nine Events of Instructio n 1. Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model 5. The 5Es Model 2.
3. 4. 6. 7. 8. 9. Gain attention Inform learners of objectives Stimulate recall of prior learning Present the stimulus Provide learning guidance Elicit performance (practice) Provide feedback Assess performance Enhance retention and transfer THREE LESSON PLAN MODELS Gagnes Nine Events of
Instruction Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5Es Model Step 1. Review Step 2. Anticipatory Set Step 3. Objective
Step 4. Input and modeling Step 5. Checking understanding Step 6. Guided practice Step 7. Independent practice THREE LESSON PLAN MODELS Gagnes Nine Events of Instruction
Madeline Hunter's Seven Step Lesson Plan Model The 5Es Model Engage Explore Explain
Elaborate Evaluate Activity In teams of 2, read through the given exemplary lesson plan, then Review the key components of a lesson plan Collaboratively design a lesson plan by using the lesson plan template Try to incorporate the strategies, techniques and les son plan models introduced before in your lesson pla n Useful
Instructional Strategies Using the Appropriate Technique in Your Lesson Plan Evaluate and revise your lesson by using the lesson plan checklist Time: 30 minutes Activity Share your lesson plan with the class Critique other groups lesson plans, and di scuss how to fix the existing problems:
learning objectives are clearly defined Instructional materials, equipment, technique s and strategies are appropriately selected Procedure is clearly stated assessment activities are directly and explicitly tied to the stated objectives Reference
Omrod, J.E. (2008) Human Learning (5th edition). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pear son Education, Inc. Madeline Hunter. (Year). Components of a Lesson Plan. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from: http://www.uofaweb.ualberta.ca/fieldexperiences//pdfs/lessonplandirect.pdf Lewis, Beth (2010). Top 8 Components of a Well-Written Lesson Plan. Retrieve d June 5, 2010 from: http://k6educators.about.com/od/lessonplanheadquarters/tp/8_steps_lp.htm CLRN. (2002). Lesson Plan Builder Worksheet. Retrieved June 5, 2010 from: http://www.lessonplanbuilder.org/lessons/help.cfm BCIT. (2003). Preparing Lesson Plan. BCIT Learning and Teaching Centre. Retri eved July 9, 2010 from: http://www.bcit.ca/files/idc/pdf/htlessonplans.pdf Gagne, R.M., Wager, W. W., Golas, K. C., & Kelle, J. M. (2005). Principle of Instr uctional Design (5th Edition). Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, Inc. Teachnology (2010) What to Consider When Writing a Lesson Plan. Retrieved J uly 5, 2010 from: http://www.teach-nology.com/tutorials/teaching/lesson_plan/
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