How to Avoid Plagiarism!! And Lots of Other Things Youre Just Dying to Know Rule #1: You must give credit to the person or source from which you
borrowed an idea or directly copied a passage. If you dont, youre committing intellectual THEFT!! Rule #2: Your Works Cited page determines what goes in parentheses. Thats so
your reader can look at the Works Cited page, quickly find your alphabetized entries, and get all the publication information he needs. Rule #3: The period ALWAYS goes AFTER the parenthetical
documentation, unless its a long quote. Then, the period goes before the parenthetical documentation. Example: Santa Claus proclaims that The twelve days of Christmas are a joke (Zebras Unveiled 12).
Rule #4: Do NOT put a comma, the word page, an abbreviation for page, or anything else between the last name and the page number. If no page number is available, simply put the LAST name in parentheses. Note: If you have two titles by the same author, place the last name in parentheses, followed by a comma,
the title of the work, and page number(s). Ex. (Smellypants, I Love Skunks 23). Rule #5: If your Works Cited entry has no authors name, shorten the title of the article, web site, etc., and place it in parentheses. Whatever words/names you used to alphabetize your Works Cited page
are the words/names you use for your parenthetical documentation. Or, more simply, the word or words that come first in your Works Cited entry are the word or words that go in your documentation. Remember: Dont count articles like the, a, or an when alphabetizing your entries AND when documenting sources.
Rule #6: If you refer to the title of the work and/or author in your lead-in to the quoted material, you dont need to include it in your parenthetical documentation. Just put the page number. See example under Long Quotes below.
Okay, lets pretend youre using the following information in your research paper. Try your hand at parenthetical documentation using the Works Cited entries I give you from our class example.
story states that in May 2000, a save-the-whales activist was forced to call off his sailing voyage across the Pacific Ocean, which he had hoped would call attention to his cause. The reason was that his 60-foot
boat was damaged by two interesting event occurred in June of 2000, when an 87-year-old man dropped dead while standing in line at a government office in Bogot, Colombia. His reason for visiting the
office was to apply for a government certificate to prove he was still alive (I Poison oak is not an oak, and poison ivy is not an ivy. Both are members of the
cashew family. Found in the piece by Tim Wall on page 15. However, it is extremely interesting to note that Poison
oak is not an oak and poison ivy is not an ivy. Both are members of the cashew family (Wall Harold is a strange young man, rich, spoiled, and
fascinated with the concept of death. Found in Charles Q. Chois piece on p. 33. Refer to the authors name in the lead-in.
In his analysis of Harold and Maude, Charles Q. Choi notes that Harold is a strange young man, rich, spoiled, and fascinated with the concept of death (33). Trepanation, also
known as drilling holes in your head, is believed to be the oldest surgical practice in history. Found in the piece by Karin Laub and Diaa Hadid on
page A1. One ancient practice, which seems rather barbaric, is Trepanation, also known as drilling holes in your head, [and it] is believed to be the oldest surgical practice
in history (Laub and The Wok began as a Bronze Age Mongolian helmet that doubled as a cooking pan. Found in Why Do
Balloons Float Up? People who enjoy stir-fry cooking may be shocked to discover that The Wok began as a Bronze Age Mongolian helmet that doubled as a
cooking pan (Why Do Balloons Float Up?). Quotes within Quotes & More Than One Work by the Same Author Thirty percent of Americans avoid public restrooms, citing fear of germs as the
primary reason. (Found in Darth Vaders My Heart Has Been Hijacked) A recent study found that Thirty percent of Americans avoid public restrooms, citing fear of germs as the primary
reason (Vader, My Heart Has Been Hijacked). Francis Scott Key, author of the United States national anthem and the words, Oer the land of the free,
was a slave owner. (Info. presented in my personal American history is that Francis Scott Key, author of the United Statess national anthem and the words, Oer the land of the free, was a
slave owner (Vader, Love and Other One of the horrors Darth Vader spoke of was that Americas revered Francis Scott Key, author of the United Statess national anthem and the words, Oer the land of the free, was a
slave owner (Love and Other Diseases). Other Sources Quoted in A Source The future aint what it used to be. (In Marley and Me, Yogi Berra is quoted as saying this.)
Yogi Berra, the ever-wise philosophizing baseball player, lamented what he perceived to be a dismal future. In fact, he mourned that it aint what it used to be (qtd. in Grogan 22).
I know the human being and fish can coexist peacefully. In I Love Skunks: A
Smelly Affair, George Bush is quoted as George Bush, in one of his brilliant speeches on the environment, stated, I know the human being and fish can
coexist peacefully (qtd. in I Love Skunks: A Smelly Alteration of Sources: The Ellipsis A Tampa, Florida, burglar who decided to rob a 24hour convenience store
didnt know the store was open 24 hours. He cut a hole in the roof, and then fell through onto the coffee pot just as a police officer Presented in Man on Wire. One burglar's luck ran out
when he decided to rob a 24hourstore [and] didnt know [it] was open 24 hours. He then fell through onto the coffee pot as a police officer was buying coffee (Man on Wire). Perhaps one of the most unfortunate crooks was a man
who decided to rob a 24-hour convenience store [but] didnt know the store was open 24 hours. He cut a hole in the roof, and then fell throughjust as a police officer was buying some coffee (Man on Wire). The Brackets [ ]
The blast was heard all the way to Canada. The energy released was equal to 27,000 Hiroshima-sized bombs dropped at the rate of one per second for nine hours.
Found in Its a Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood. Scientists report that The blast [of the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens] was heard all the way to Canada. The energy [the volcano]
released was equal to 27,000 Hiroshima-sized bombs dropped at the rate of one per second for nine Long Quotes If a quote runs to more than four lines in your paper, set it off from your text beginning a new line, indenting one inch
(2 tabs) from the left margin, and typing it double-spaced, without any quotation marks. A colon generally sets up the quote. Parenthetical documentation follows the last line of the quotation. The period comes before the documentation. This is the only exception to the rule.
Example: At the conclusion of William Goldings Lord of the Flies, Ralph and the other boys realize the horror of their actions: The tears began to flow and sobs shook him. He gave himself up to them now for the first time on the island; great, shuddering spasms of grief that seemed to wrench his whole body. His voice rose under the black smoke before the burning wreckage of the island; and infected by
that emotion, the other little boys began to shake and sob too. (186) And then the rest of your text goes back to the original left margin. Neato, huh? And you just keep writing your little research paper and thinking to yourself, Wow! I could be swinging in a hammock on some Hawaiian island right now! See? Thats what the long quote thing looks like.
Okay, now its your turn. Heres a long quote for you: A person with short thumbs is stubborn; a person with long thumbs has a strong sense of purpose. Straight thumbs indicate generosity; crooked thumbs indicate selfishness. If
your thumbs are hairy, but the rest of your fingers arent, youre a genius. If all of your fingers are hairy, youre bad-tempered. (Found in A recent article in The Arizona Republic discussed the fact that scholars have noticed a relationship between a persons hands and his or her personality: A person with short thumbs is stubborn; a person with long thumbs has a strong sense of purpose. Straight thumbs
indicate generosity; crooked thumbs indicate selfishness. If your thumbs are hairy, but the rest of your fingers arent, youre a genius. If all of your fingers are hairy, youre bad tempered. (Laub and Hadid A6) Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx While some serial killers rely on violence and
the element of surprise to trap their victims, others, like Ted Bundy, use a much more sinister means of attack: their charisma. In his book Serial Killers, Tom Smith claims that when the alluring Ted Bundy kidnapped two ladies from the crowded recreation area of Lake Sammamish, his killing reached its climax in a truly heinous way. Rather than brute force, Bundy manipulated his victims with his dashing magnetism and smooth
cunning, a technique that obviously worked well, since he was able to swipe and kill two girls in one day. Furthermore, his bold arrogance was quite obvious in his actually telling people his real name (194), disbelieving that he could possibly be caught. Even more lethal than a savage who
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