Psychology of Language--Baldwin MEANING Ellis Ch. 4: Meaning

Psychology of Language--Baldwin MEANING Ellis Ch. 4: Meaning Meaning as a reference both to: Specific objects: my computer Categories, abstract qualities: /computer/

Problems with meaning Words are associated Words are ambiguous Words are redundant Words are poetic, metaphoric, contradictory, anomalous Structural Semantics

Object languagethe meaning of a complex expression of objects (Ellis, 1999, p. 57). Assumes meaning already assigned to words through social construction Not concerned with actual meanings or providing clues to common usage (p. 57) Concerned with way a sentence can be

true: Empirical truth: Kelvin has dreadlocks Linguistic truth: All men have dreadlocks if, then, and Semantics: Structural Criticisms of structural semantics? Stop-gaps: Contextual semantics: how people

assign meaning in context (including, but not limited to possibility, probability, etc.) Lexical semantics: Study of word meanings Standard Theory: (Chomsky) Markers: characteristics that show similarity/ difference: Whale Shark Jellyfish +AQUATIC, etc.

Rules: What the category of meaning can Implications of Semantics Linguistic relativity: the future subjunctive Parsing meaning: Wine Doritos TP

New words Where do they come from? How are they formed? How do some catch on and others not? Langue and Parole (beyond Ellis)

Langue: The structural meanings, usages, available in a language Parole: The meaning of a specific utterance in its context, the actual words and behaviors of communication The Basics Connotation

Denotation Triangle of Meaning Proper meaning superstition (line at bottom should be dotted!)

Practice [B-a-b-e] [A-r-a-b] Symbolic Interactionism Humans are distinctsymbol

manipulating The social world is a dynamic and dialectical webunstable, in process, never fixed The social world isinteractive SI seeks to look beneath symbols to find underlying patterns and forms of social life Implications Mind

Self Society (and language, and meaning!) Semiotics Original SemioticsSaussure and Others Sign = signified + signifier Not word & object, but sound pattern & category (sense, but not reference) Value of sign depends on relation to other

signs Semiotics--Barthes 1.Sign = signifier + signified 2.Sign systems and codes 3.Ideology/

myth Postmodernism Fragmented meanings Contradictory ideologies Pastiche Pleasure

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Problem identification Research questions constructs & variables

    Problem identification Research questions constructs & variables

    Problem identification Research questions Constructs & Variables Research design Randomized experiments Controlling and manipulating variables Random assignment Independent vars vary within and between subjects Threats to internal validity Selection / selection by maturation Maturation History Instumentation Mortality Classification of research...
  • Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions Section 2.1

    Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions Section 2.1

    Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: komala.krishnaswamy Last modified by: Mohamed Elbaccouch Created Date: 1/11/2013 11:56:13 PM Document presentation format
  • Technologies Needed for Fusion DEMO and the ... - The FIRE Place

    Technologies Needed for Fusion DEMO and the ... - The FIRE Place

    Technologies Needed for Fusion DEMO and the Role of International Collaboration. Mohamed Abdou Distinguished Professor of Engineering and Applied Science (UCLA) Director, ... Morley, Sergey Smolentsev, Alice Ying, Siegfried Malang, Arthur .
  • Lowered Overhead

    Lowered Overhead

    The Hope Air "Fast Facts" National registered charity founded in 1986 Dedicated to arranging free air transportation for Canadians who are in financial need and require non-emergency medical care outside their home communities 53,000+ flights in 22 years Nation-wide service...
  • The Vertebrate Animals

    The Vertebrate Animals

    More than 120 species have likely gone extinct since 1980. Class Amphibia FROG DISSECTION CLASS REPTILA Reptiles 6500 species, appeared 300 mya Cold-blooded 3 chambered heart Body covered with scales.
  • Orange circles design template - Ed W. Clark High School

    Orange circles design template - Ed W. Clark High School

    Define: OPEC, Chernobyl. ... Vocabulary - Dissident, glasnost, perestroika, default. Focus/Review - What ideas guided Soviet political, economic, and foreign policy? Why did the Soviet Union collapse? What problems have Russia and the other republics faced since the fall of...
  • gSpan: graph-based Substructure pattern

    gSpan: graph-based Substructure pattern

    The Sample G-Span Tree, compared to the Grown G-Span Tree . . . Rule 1: X-a-X is pruned because this would be a child duplicate node . . . . Rule 2: X-a-Z is larger than X-c-Y, therefore the back...
  • ACI Multi-Site Architecture and Deployment Max Ardica Principal

    ACI Multi-Site Architecture and Deployment Max Ardica Principal

    GOLF Routers (ASR 9000, ASR 1000, Nexus 7000) Direct or indirect connection from spines to WAN Edge routers. Better scalability, one protocol session for all VRFs, no longer constraint by border leaf HW table. VXLAN handoff with MP-BGPEVPN.