Short Stories - Weebly

Short Stories Warm-up Play a few rounds of Countdown online and use the words created in a piece of free writing. Improve my sentence by embellishing: The man fell. Free Write Our Next Unit: Youve got options! Short Story/ Personal Narrative

NaNo WriMo We will start in October Youll write a short story Youll develop the short story Youll have a third unit National Novel Writing Month We will start in October You will write in November

Youll set your word count every day Youll probably not have a third unit How do you write a great short story? Characters Conflict Point of View Dialogue Context Setting Free Write

Anything you want Create a story using words of one-syllable only, beginning with a phrase such as: The last time I saw her, she... From the back of the truck... On the night of the full moon... The one thing I know for sure Describe a significant place, allowing the details to reveal why the place matters. Describe it from a tree or rooftop or from a hawks point of view. Describe it from the height of a dog or a turtle. SnapsnShar es

Warm-up Anything You Want!!! Eavesdrop conversations and turn soundbites into a piece of writing. Still life description. Use the object displayed at the front of the classroom. Write a descriptive piece on it. Planning a Short Story Collect ideas for your story Building Characters To make your characters realistic you can borrow attributes from people you already know or strangers you have seen. People watching with the notebook is a great way to spend some time writing what you see, you never know when it might be useful.

Get to know your characters Think about your characters and really get to know their looks, likes, dislikes, etc. You might not share this with your readers in the story but it will help with making them real . Map out the Story plan REMEMBER you dont have to write your short story in order, you can write the ending first. Then ask yourself what happened before this? If you have strong ideas for certain parts of the story write these first. Size Matters Limit the breadth of your story. The main events of a short story should occur in a relatively short period of time (days or even minutes), and you typically wont be able to develop effectively more than one plot, two or three main characters, (the professional opinion is a maximum of four) and one setting. If your story has much more breadth, it probably needs to be a novella or novel.

Plan/ Find Inspiration for Your Short Story Inspiration Quietly observe a person at school for 15 minutes and create a story about him or her Turn a poem you made into a story Dictionary Detail: choose ten random words from a dictionary and use them to suggest a character, a setting, and a problem. Put the character into a situation where the problem is not

easily overcome and write a short story. Planning Story Board Outline Free Write Character Sketch Planning: Answer the following Questions 1. Who is your short story aimed towards? (Audience) 2. What do you want your reader to know when they

finish reading your story? 3. Where do you want your story to take place? 4. When do you want your story to take place? 5. Who do you want to be involved in your story? 6. What genre will your story be? Developing Agenda Character type review Qualities of a Good Character Discussion Plan your Characters 7 Common Character Types Flat

Round Dynamic Static Stock Foil Confidante Round or Flat? Authors must decide how much detail to include about each character. Which characters are most important? How will giving detail, or not giving detail, about that character affect the story? Round

Characters that are described in depth, with many details, are well-rounded characters. They are called round characters. The main character in a story is almost always round. If you are reading a story and you feel like you know a character extremely well, then most likely the character is round. Flat Characters that are not described well that you are not given much information about are flat characters. Consider a drawing: a

three- dimensional drawing gives more detail than a one-dimensional drawing. If you draw a twodimensional, flat picture of a house, for example, you can only see one side of it. You cannot see three of the four sides. This is how a flat character is; you can only see a few characteristics of the character. There are many things you cannot see, or many details you are not

Flat Round Static or Dynamic? Static or Dynamic? The key word when dealing with the difference between static and dynamic characters is change. The type of change, though, is specific. We are only concerned with internal changes changes which occur within the character. Internal changes include a change in his/

her personality , a change in his/her outlook on life, a change in his/her values, Static or Dynamic? Do not focus on changes that happen TO a character, but rather, changes that happen WITHIN a character. Think about it this way: Does the event affect the character by changing the character internally? Static Static = not moving or changing (ex: static electricity is static unlike current electricity which is moving!!

In order for a character to be considered a static character, the character must remain basically the same throughout the entire story. The character does not undergo any internal changes. Static Think of static characterization like plastic surgery. The character may change in looks, but unless his/her personality is affected, the character is static. Dynamic

A dynamic character is a character that undergoes an internal change sometime between the beginning and end of the story. The change in the character is usually crucial to the story itself. Dynamic Say a main character goes through a life-altering experience, such as a race car driver getting into an accident. If the driver's personality changes, and he is no longer willing to take on the risk of driving a race car,

the character would be dynamic. Static or Dynamic? Look closely at your character at the beginning of the story. Ask these three questions: How does the character feel about him/her/itself? How does the character act towards others? What is the characters goal? Examine your character throughout the story and at the end of the story. Have the answers to the questions changed? Static = no change within the character

Dynamic = the character changes internally Stock Character A stock character is special kind of flat character who is instantly recognizable to most readers. They are stock or typecast or stereotypical characters Examples include: the ruthless businessman the shushing old, white-haired librarian the dumb jock They are not focus characters nor are they developed in the story. (They fulfill background or filler roles.) Foil Character

A foil character is special kind of character who is used to enhance another character through contrast i.e. as opposites they highlight qualities of a central character Examples include: - the mean step-sisters contrast to Cinderellas character - Ashers silly, careless, childish qualities contrast and highlight some of Jonas qualities. They are not focus characters nor are they developed in the story. (They help us learn more about another character or aspect of a story.) Confidante Character A confidant character is special kind of character who the main character confides in. When the main character confides (shares/trusts) they reveal

qualities, personality, thoughts, feelings Example: - Gabriel is a confident for Jonas to share some of his feelings with (although Gabe serves other purposes as well) A confidante helps us learn more about our central/main character What qualities do you think a good character has? Discussion In-Class and Homework Fill out the character questionnaire

Warm-up Finish your character development worksheet Describe a first (first apartment, first kiss, first time driving a car, first lie, first big success, first roller coaster ride, first time in this setting). Include as many details as possible, being sure to include an aspect relating to each of the five senses. Describe a memorable event, positive or negative, and how it felt to you, but do not name the feeling. Instead, tell how it felt in your body (damp hands, metallic taste, tight throat, wobbly knees, etc.). Write the map to where you live. Start as close or as far from your home as you wish. Developing TTYPS

What is something you once really wanted but had a hard time getting? What made it hard to get? Literary conflict is primarily about the clashing of one persons desires with his/her own faults, the desires of others, and the circumstances surrounding them. Task:

Fill out your conflict worksheet with your character worksheet nearby Find a partner you havent worked with before Have a partner write down a quick critique about conflict Does the conflict count as a conflict? Would their characters really have that kind of conflict? Is the conflict engaging? Is it enough to write an entire novel about? Give One, Take One Nominate your partner to share their conflict Listen to their ideas you can take

them and apply to your work Creating the Setting the Reader up for the Ride of Their Life Students will read the descriptions of set-up, inciting incident, and rising action along with the example story for each stop on the rollercoaster. Think about the pacing the author uses at the beginning. What does he or she do? Choose your favorite book and fill out the plot diagram for it

Other Plot Lines Plan your Plot How do you want to set up your book/ short story? What will be the inciting incident? Plan your rising action till the climax. Use your partner as a soundboard Warm-up Whatever you want I have to explain whats happened here. I have to explain myself. At the edge of the known universe, theres just one thing: a diner run by a man who calls

himself __________. I spy with my little eye Your character changes jobs in order to have more time with his family. But his family doesn't seem interested in having him around... Plot Read about Climax, Falling Action, and Dnouement/ Resolution on your own Apply your knowledge Fill out the plot chart for the short films

EXPOSITION Day is messing around learning his talent. Night is sleeping. CONFLICT Theyre not happy w/ their time of day & are jealous. MOVIE MOMENT: Which part of the plot do these characters facial expressions show? ANSWER: The exposition when they learn about each other, and the conflict when their jealousy begins. Climax

tio Ac si ng Ri on ct i Exposition A ng

Conflict lli Fa n MENU RISING ACTION They beat each other up and show off to prove they are better than the other person. CLIMAX When they stop to listen to the radio antennaeup

until when theyre the same time of day FALLING ACTION They become the other time of day. Dance w/ each other. Play w/ new powers. RESOLUTION They become satisfied & not jealous anymore. EXPOSITION Little birds line up on the telephone line & bicker. CONFLICT Little birds mock awkward bird & exclude the outsider. RISING ACTION Big bird lands between them. Little birds peck his

fingers to knock him off line. CLIMAX Big birds last finger slips off the telephone line. FALLING ACTION Little birds all fall naked. Big bird laughs. RESOLUTION Little naked birds all run and hide safely behind the bird they mocked earlier. Climax MOVIE MOMENT: How does this n tio Ac

Ri si ng tio n Exposition Ac Conflict ng

ANSWER: The story had to happen after telephone lines were invented and strung up across the country. lli Fa MENU movie screenshot tell us what time in history this story happens? Resolution EXPOSITION Quiet fields &

house, sleeping boy starts lifting CLIMAX Alien boy gets cocky and human boy falls through hole in ship MOVIE MOMENT: In the exposition, what does the mood of this farm setting feel like before the aliens arrive? MENU ANSWER: The feeling is calm and sleepy, the porch swing

gently swinging, the weathercock shifting softly in the breeze. Climax on ct i Exposition A ng RESOLUTION Alien boy crashes

spaceship and human boy is left lifted on a giant spire in a canyon Conflict lli Fa FALLING ACTION Alien teacher fixes everything in the house and lets alien boy drive the spaceship Ac ti o n RISING ACTION Alien boy gets

more and more frustrated with his inability to lift LIFTED Ri si ng CONFLICT Alien-in-training doesnt know how to lift Geris game

MENU EXPOSITION Geri sits down at a table in the park and sets up chess. CONFLICT Nobody is at the park MOVIE MOMENT: After Geri ha to play chess w/ Geri. chess game, why does he ask teeth back? RISING ACTION Laughing Geri takes all Geris pieces, and it looks like hes going to win. ANSWER: He lost his teeth to h

last time he played, and he was hed win so he could earn them CLIMAX Geri fakes a heart attack, flips the board around, and gets away with his trick. tio Ac Ri si ng on

ct i Exposition A ng Conflict lli Fa n Climax

Resolution FALLING ACTION Laughing Geri realizes hes losing. Geri sits back and smiles. RESOLUTION Geri wins his teeth back from himself (apparently, he lost them last time he played himself). EXPOSITION Storks in Cloudland; Storks deliver the baby animals. Stork wants to deliver animals.

MOVIE MOMENT: How does this movie still epitomize how Nimbus feels about his job? Climax on ct i n tio Ac

Ri si ng A ng RISING ACTION Stork delivers Crocodile, Ram, Porcupine, Shark. Conflict Then leaves to go be with happy Cumulous Cloud. Exposition CLIMAX Nimbus gets mad (lightning) and cries (rain). Stork

returns and puts on protective gear. lli Fa CONFLICT Storks Nimbus cloud only makes dangerous animals. ANSWER: Nimbus loves his job, bu even more, he wants to feel wanted This moment is when he sees that stork isnt going to leave. Resolution

FALLING ACTION Nimbus hugs Stork. Nimbus makes an electric eel, which shocks Stork. RESOLUTION Stork and Nimbus work together forever making & delivering animals. MENU EXPOSITION Baby enters room and starts playing with toys. Tin Toy is ready to be played with. MENU

CONFLICT Baby scares Tin Toy by smashing the other toys. RISING ACTION Tin Toy runs away from Baby. Other toys under couch. Baby falls and starts crying. MOVIE MOMENT: In this exposition movie still, what emotions are on Tin Toys face? ANSWER: Hope and expectation that hell be a good toy for the toddler. CLIMAX Babys crying and Tin Toy goes out to cheer baby up.

Baby grabs Tin Toy and gets happy. Climax n ct io A Ri si ng tio n

Exposition Ac Conflict g llin RESOLUTION Tin Toy cant get Babys attention because Babys playing with the bag. Fa

FALLING ACTION Baby finds the box, starts playing w/ the box and the bag. EXPOSITION Burn-E is a welding robot who really wants to do his job. MENU CONFLICT A meteor strikes a light in his job sector. RISING ACTION He tries & tries to fix the light but things keep going wrong. The ship flies back to Earth.

MOVIE MOMENT: In this Rising Action movie still, how does it show us Burn-Es inner person? ANSWER: He is a soft, sensitive robot that would make flower shapes and wants to do his job. CLIMAX Burn-E finds Supply-R & finally pushes the power button. n tio Ac

Ri si ng Exposition tio Conflict Ac RESOLUTION The lid smashes into the light again. Burn-E faints.

ng FALLING ACTION The lid flies through the air toward the ship. lli Fa n Climax Resolution EXPOSITION We see all the

different tropical toys and locations. Bikini girl waves at Snowman. CONFLICT Snowman wants bikini girl, but hes stuck in snow globe. RISING ACTION Snowman tries everything to get out of the snow globe. CLIMAX Snowman climbs out of snow globe, falls into fish tank, and sees Mermaid. MOVIE MOMENT: How does the look on Snowmans face show how far hes willing to

go to overcome the conflict? MENU ANSWER: He is so excited that hell do anything to get out of the snow globe. Climax tio n ct

io A Ri si ng Ac n Exposition g llin RESOLUTION Snowman is stuck

in snow globe again and cant have Conflict Mermaid or Bikini girl. Fa FALLING ACTION Snow globe falls down on him. Resolution EXPOSITION We meet magician & rabbit about to perform. Rabbit is hungry. CONFLICT Rabbit wants

carrot, but magician wont give it to him unless he performs. MOVIE MOMENT: How do the magicians & rabbits facial expressions illustrate the conflict? ANSWER: The magician wants the rabbit to do its job for him, while the rabbit is distraught that the magician wont give him his carrot. MENU Ac tio si

ng Ri on ct i Exposition A ng Conflict lli Fa

n Climax Resolution RISING ACTION Magician keeps trying all kinds of tricks, but the rabbit gets revenge on him each time. The audience loves the slapstick show. CLIMAX Magician is falling from the ceiling and will die if the rabbit doesnt pull a trick out of

his hat to save him. FALLING ACTION The audience loves the show and applauds. RESOLUTION Magician realizes rabbit did a great job and makes peace, gives him carrot. EXPOSITION Dug is a talking dog. It is his birthday. He loves special missions. He made a wish. MENU

CONFLICT The mean dogs want to ruin Dugs birthday. MOVIE MOMENT: How does this movie screenshot tell us what time in history this story happens? Ac tio si ng Ri on

ct i Exposition A ng Conflict CLIMAX The mean dogs call their master. They say Dug is a bad dog. Climax lli

Fa n ANSWER: Talking dog collars are something from the future. RISING ACTION All of the mean dogs tricks end up hurting them instead of Dug. Resolution FALLING ACTION Dug finds the old man. He gets a new

master. RESOLUTION Dug speaks and surprises the boy and the old man. Pacing of a Story or Novel Were there sections that you found too long or short? How were the events paced to match changes in time, place, or the mood of the story? When was this most effective? Did you find the end of the film to provide a satisfying resolution to the conflict? Why or why not? **Answer these questions in your head about your favorite novel**

Continue to Outline Your Plot Plan your plot Share with a partner Summarize your plot and share with the class How could they stretch the plot more? Sretches [a] Beauty visits once a year. [b] Bad news is the best medicine. [c] Silence makes the heart grow fonder. [d] Strike while the head wears the crown. [e] A rolling stone is worth two in a bush. [f] Uneasy lies the head that gathers moss.

[g] A penny is the mother of invention. Setting and TIPS: Think, Ink, Pair, Share A place that makes you happy. A place that holds a lot of good or bad memories for you. A place that scares you. What is mood? What kind of mood do you think this author is trying to create? Outside the old mansion, a one-eyed crow was picking at something on the branch

of a dead tree in the yard. A three-legged dog was howling at the moon. Description Take out a sheet of paper number it 1 through 5 Under each number write down: See Touch Taste Hear Smell Think about your favorite picture I showed you

Write at least 3 to 5 sentences describing that setting without seeing it only using the sensory details you thought of. After 10 mins you will share with a partner. Setting Complete the first section of the worksheet as a class. Read each of the moods listed aloud. Students share setting details that would help to create that mood. What are other moods we can portray?

Individual/ Partner Work in Mood/ Setting Worksheet Do the second section on your own Sit with their writing partners and take out your plot outlines. Fill out the third section of the worksheet. Take some time to think about where each scene takes place, what that place looks, sounds, and smells like, and what emotions they want their readers to feel Work on Your Piece

Warm-up Start writing a short story that begins with the word "blue," and in which the first word of every paragraph is a color. Use the "color word" only once in each paragraph, but suggest the color in as many ways as possible. Setting that Reinforces Characters Step One: Describe Your Bedroom Describe your bedroom with as much sensory detail as

possible. What's hanging on the walls? What books are on the shelves? What does the room smell like? Is there music playing? Share with a partner Write down aspects of your partner's personality that you inferred from the description of their partner's bedroom Larry Larry was having a hard time. He felt sad and trapped. He

was once a famous author, but he hadnt written a word in years. Larry's apartment was less of a living space than a glorified closet. The bathroom was just big enough to sit on the toilet without having his knees touch the sink, and the window was more like a ship's porthole. The bed was so small his feet hung over the edge, and there really was not much to do but watch static on the television. The sound of that static often kept Larry company late into the night.

The place did not have a kitchen, so he bought a hotplate to make his single-serving meals. He ate the same thing every night, but he did not seem to mind the monotony of his repeated dinner of rice, wilted spinach, and baked beans, or the peculiar odor the beans left on his sheets. The only item on the wall of Larry's apartment was a framed, yellowing copy of the New York Times Best Seller list from 16 years ago. Larry's name was at the top of it. Below the newspaper clipping, on Larry's desk, sat an old, dusty typewriter and an even dustier stack of blank paper. Creating Settings That Reinforce Characters as a Class

Open the packet, lets do the first section together Do the second section on your own discussing with a partner the setting and how it reinforces your characters traits Work on Your Piece Warm-up Imagine two characters. One wants to do something and the other does not. Or one wants something the other has. Write a dialogue between these two characters, where one character is determined not to give in to the other, to create extrinsic tension.

Partner Work: Argumentative Dialogue Dialogue simulates real conversation, it is not an exact copy. Dialogue must be pared back to remove redundancies, mistakes, and filler words. To illustrate this, pair off and Ill provide each pair with a subject of debate. Whichever side one's character will take, the other's must take the opposing view. Politely and respectfully debate their subject for five or ten minutes. Transcribe the dialogue as closely as possible. Remove all niceties such as please and thank you, any repetition, all filler words, etc., to capture the essence of the argument rather than the argument in its entirety. Read your transcriptions aloud to see how the accounts differ. Part II: Revise your dialogue set to include "beats," or the "action tags" that

show the small actions characters take as they engage in dialogue. Dialogue is a conversation between two or more characters. The exact words they speak are put between quotation marks. Students read the dialogue in the examples aloud while you or another student narrates How do you feel the dialogue in the worksheet either moves the story forward, increases tension, or defines characters and their relationships with one another? Try to summarize the example conversations into one sentence with no dialogue

Dialogue Exercise At The End Of The Dialogue Worksheet Pick a part of your plot and, on a separate sheet of paper, write 610 lines of dialogue for that part of the plot. Read your dialogue with your partner Move into a group of four and share your dialogue pieces with each other What clues did you get about characters and events from the characters own words in dialogue? SnapsnShar es

Warm-up WRITING PROMPTS TO HELP HONE THE VOICE OF YOUR CHARACTER For our daily dip each most days well choose a prompt and answer/explore the prompt using the first person voice of our main character. This will help us get inside the mind of our protagonist (or even our antagonist) so that we have a better understanding of his/her world. Write about a time when you felt safe/unsafe. What do you like about yourself? What do you want to change about yourself? Complete the following: I was...I am...I will be

How are you different from others you know? Whom do you admire and why? Whose friendship do you value most? What event in your life has affected you most? What choice have you made thats affected you most? How would you describe your family? What do you see as your role in your family? Whos made the most impact on you? Whats the best advice youve ever gotten? What do you think is good/bad about the world?

Where would you travel if you could? How would you describe the community where you live? What do you do to take care of yourself? What stops you from saying what you think? Creative Writing Warm-Up Choose one **5 minutes** 85. A Day in the Life: Write about your daily habits and routine. 86. Your Muse: Write about your muse what does he or she look like? What does your muse do to inspire you? 87. Convenience Store: Write about an experience youve had at a gas station or convenience store. 88. Natural Wonders of the World: Choose one of the natural

wonders of the world. Write about it. 89. Facebook or Twitter Status: Write a poem using the words from your latest status update or a friends status update. If you dont use Facebook or Twitter, you can often search online for some funny ones to use as inspiration.

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