Rococo and Neo-Classical Art - Warren County Public Schools

Rococo and Neo-Classical Art Rococo History

1717 1767 Originated in France Term coined by on of Davids pupils Comes from the word rocaille type of interior ornamental stone work Was meant as a humorous insult mocking the

supposed triviality of the aristocratic style. Was viewed as a thin, and lightweight form and not as serious art by contemporaries. Rococo Characteristics

Closely associated with the Reign of Louis XV

Portrayed the French aristocracy at play. Light hearted Portrayed the Decorative and ornamental Concentrated on scrollwork, shell motifs and cherubs. Focus on the female nude, boudoir with women

in compromising positions or sexually aggressive poses. Prominent Artists Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684-1721) Francois Boucher (1703-1770) Jean-Honore Fragonard (1732-1806)

Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera Watteau (1717) Diana Bathing Boucher 1742 Mademoiselle OMurphy Boucher

1751 Madame De Pompadour Boucher (1758) The Swing Fragonard (1767)

Neo- Classicalism History 1760 -1808

Born out of the Rejection of Rococo Originated in Rome Fueled by an increase in knowledge of ancient art partly because of new archeological discoveries in Rome and the discovery of Herculaneum and Pompeii.

Neo- Classicalism Characteristics Neo = New Inspired by Greek and Roman history, literature, and myth. Conveyed serious topics

Morality Justice Honor Patriotism

Focused on simplicity, order and clarity. Mirrored much of the ideals of the Enlightenment. Shares some traits with Romantic art which begins in the same era. (Later Discussion) Prominent Artists

Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) The Intervention of the Sabine Women David 1794 The Oath of Horatii David 1785

The Oath of Horatii David 1785 The Death of Marat David 1793 Napoleon Crossing the Alps David 1801

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