Research, Engineering and Technology Needs DUSD(AS&C) Program ...

Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) ----------------------------- UNCLASSIFIED USD (AT&L) Honorable Mike Wynne DDR&E Honorable Ron Sega DUSD (AS&C) Ms. Sue Payton Rapidly placing relevant, mature technology into the hands of Joint and Coalition Warfighters ---------------------------------------FY 2005 ACTD Sponsored by NDIA Actionable Situational Awareness Pull (ASAP) Mark Peterson Head, Program Resources & Integration Deputy Under Secretary of Defense Advanced Systems & Concepts www.acq.osd.mil/actd National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) Conference April 19, 2005 DACP Advanced Systems & Rapidly Placing Concepts Relevant, Mature Technology into the Hands of Joint and Coalition Warfighters TTI DoDs Resource for Technology Transition Defense Acquisition Challenge Program (DACP): Aerogel for Ships: Fire barrier, IR Suppression, Blast Mitigation, Decreased Weight, Volume, Installation Costs, and Fuel Savings. DPA Title III Overcome resistance to transformational concepts Ensure technology contributes to joint/ coalition

capabilities Provide joint warfighters with options for integrating service capabilities Title IIIs Laser Protective Eyewear project established a domestic supplier for high performance infrared coatings for spectacles, goggles and visors. Technology Transition Initiative (TTI) used DARPAs Water Purification Pen technology to accelerate the technology fielding to Afghanistan, Iraq, and Tsunami Victims. AS&C Partners with Services & Agencies to: Match technology to warfighting needs lab and industry outreach Transfer DoD technology to the private sector: An industry on-ramp and access to meeting warfighter needs ACTD CONR AOC JMI TDL Sensors CANADA Tactical Radar Joint Surveillance System Radars SECTOR Q-93 FAA Existing Landlines Joint Based Expeditionary Connectivity Center Patriot (JBECC) Area Cruise Missile Defense (ACMD) ACTD integrates civilian and

military sensors into a single airdefense common operational picture. Video ACTD Support to Joint Combatant Commanders Advanced Systems and Concepts ACTDs rapidly field emergent mature technologies to joint warfighters Balanced emphasis on tailoring technology with associated Tactics, Techniques, & Procedures (TTPs) to user needs Primary customers for ACTDs are joint Combatant Commanders Joint, Coalition, & transformational opportunities are priorities ACTDs require a Lead Service/Agency and a CoCom Sponsor ACTDs are not an acquisition/procurement program Charter is to minimize processes that delay rapid fielding of demonstrations Overcoming resistance to transformational concepts Rack & Stack voting process used to select Candidate slate inside the Planning, Programming, Budgeting & Execution (PPBE) process Example: FY 2006 selection is in process now FY 2006 AS&C Resources Overview (Direct Oversight of $325M) as of Feb 2005 Source: FY 2006 Presidents Budget Tech Link 1% DACP 9% TTI 9% DPA Title III 4% ACTD 51% FCT 11% JWP 3% JCTD 12% RDT&E/DW: $311M DPA Title III Procurement: $13M OSD Maj Equip-JCTD Procure: $1M

Program $M Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) (BA-3) $164 Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) (BA-3/4/5 & Procure) $40 Joint Warfighting Program (JWP)-BA-3 $10 Foreign Comparative Testing (FCT)-BA-6 $36 Defense Production Act (DPA) Title III $13 Technology Transition Initiative (TTI)-BA-3 $30 TechLink (BA-3) $3 Defense Acquisition Challenge Pgm (DACP)-BA-5 $29 4 AS&C Programs www.acq.osd.mil/asc Program Website

Phone Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) www.acq.osd.mil/actd (703) 697 - 3568 DPA Title III www.dtic.mil/dpatitle3 (703) 607 - 5314 Independent R & D www.dtic.mil/ird (703) 607 - 5314 Comparative Test Office www.acq.osd.mil/cto (703) 602 - 3740 Def Acquisition Challenge https://bids.acqcenter.com/dacp (703) 602 - 3739 Technology Transfer www.dtic.mil/techtransit (703) 607 - 5315 TechLink www.techlinkcenter.org (703) 607 - 5315 TechMatch www.dodtechmatch.com (703) 607 - 5315 NATIBO www.dtic.mil/natibo

(703) 607 - 5315 Dual Use S&T www.dtic.mil/dust (703) 607 - 5315 Tech. Transition Initiative www.acq.osd.mil/iti (703) 607 - 5316 ManTech www.dodmantech.com (703) 607 - 5319 FY 2006 RDT&E Presidents Budget Request $69.4B OSD Defense Wide Transition Programs Highly Leveraged across Service and Agency Budgets. Less than half a percent of RDT&E supports AS&C programs (BA6 + BA7 = $24.93B) Components (All RDT&E) USA BA6 RDT&E Management Support ($3.77B) $B 9.73 USAF 22.61 USN 18.04 Def Agency & SOCOM 18.97 BA5 System Development & Demonstration ($19.75B) Development (BA4 + BA5 = $33.89B) Defense Wide DUSD (AS&C) RDT&E Support Totals $311 M

(~200 M from ACTD/JCTD BA-3) Technology Base (BA1 + 2) = $5.46B) BA7 Operational Systems Development ($21.16B) Science and Technology (BA1 + BA2 + BA3 = $10.52B) 15% of RDT&E BA4 Advanced Component Development & Prototypes ($14.14B) BA3 Advanced Technology Development ($5.06B) BA2 Applied Research ($4.14B) BA1 Basic Research ($1.32B) 6 ACTD Projects Positioned between S&T & Acquisition Filling the Gap between S&T and Acquisition for the CoCom Customer Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration S&T The 80% Solution ACTD Is a Transition Program Try before you buy Acquisition & Logistics 71% of all ACTDs transition at least one product into a warfighting capability Transition programs are not acquisition programs, and should not be science projects 7 Resource Perspective: Core Military Capabilities and Joint Enablers Advanced Systems and Concepts

Characterization of CoCom Needs: Core Service-specific capabilities (~80%?) Joint military capabilities (~20%?) TTI, DACP, FCT TTI,Targets DACP, FCT Targets ACTD/JCTD ACTD/JCTD Target Area Target Area Nature of CoCom Joint Needs: Interactive, Multi-Service core military capabilities Joint enabling capabilities TTI, DACP, FCT Targets TTI, DACP, FCT Targets ACTD/JCTD Target Area ACTD/JCTD Target Area Unique Regional/Specified mission needs ACTD/JCTD Target Area ACTD/JCTD Target Area ACTD Examples & Highlights Dynamic CONOPS Collapses V,T, A Process CENTCOM JFCOM SOURCED FORCES S FORCE REQUIREMENTS FORCE REQUIREMENTS V B8 SC S MOVEMENT DETAILS

B8 T D LE D U RE S HE T U IM E SC PAR L T TS DE IVA EN R EM AR IR & QU RE (RL D) FORSCOM AT21 - Dynamic Optimization FORCE REQUIREMENTS A Efficiency Agile Transportation for the 21st Century (2002-2005)--Accelerated Theater Support Vessel (2003-2006) Biometrics Automated Toolset HUMINT and Counter-Intelligence Support Tools ACTD (1999-2003) 9 FY 2005 there are 79 Active ACTDs ACTDs ACTDseither: either: Transition Transitionto toProgram Programof ofRecord, Record, Residual ResidualMeets MeetsNeed

Needof of Warfighter, Warfighter, or or Return Returnto toTechnology TechnologyBase Base Deliverables Deliverablesof ofan anACTD: ACTD: Concept Conceptof ofOperations Operations{{to toinclude include Tactics, Tactics,Techniques, Techniques,and andProcedures Procedures(TTP)} (TTP)} Military MilitaryUtility UtilityAssessment Assessment(MUA) (MUA) Residual ResidualLeave LeaveBehind Behind Spartan Scout Spartan Video Midyear Start (2002-2007) Active Denial System (2002-2006) Tactical Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (TACT IFSAR ACTD) (2003-Canceled 2005) ADS Video Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal (JEOD) ACTD (2002-2006)

10 COMPLETED ACTDs Deployed in Recent Conflicts Updated Dec 2004 Completed ACTDs Used in Recent Conflicts Operation Allied Force Kosovo Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq Adaptive Course of Action Advanced Joint Planning Airbase/Port Biological Detection Area Cruise Missile Defense Battlefield Awareness & Data Dissemination OAF OEF OIF NE O X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Chemical Add-On to Biological Detection Coastal Area Protection Coherent Analytical Computing Environment Common Spectral MASINT Exploitation Consequence Management X Counterproliferation I Counterproliferation II Counter Sniper C41 for Coalition Warfare Extending Littoral Battlespace/JTF WARNET Key

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X OAF - Operation Allied Force Kosovo OEF - Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan OIF - Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq NE - Noble Eagle US Air Space O Other Note: Other includes conflicts and operations like providing support to USFK, the Space Shuttle Columbia recovery operation and US Olympics X X X X X X X X X Dec 2004 COMPLETED ACTDs Deployed in Recent Conflicts Completed ACTDs Used in Recent Conflicts Operation Allied Force Kosovo

Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq Global Monitoring of Space ISR Systems High Altitude Endurance UAV Global Hawk Human Intell & Counterintelligence Tool Info Assurance: Auto Intrusion Det Environment Integrated Collection Management Joint Biological Remote Early Warning Joint Combat Identification Joint Logistics Joint Medical Operations/Telemedicine Link-16 Medium Altitude Endurance UAV Predator Military Ops in Urban Terrain Navigation Warfare Precision/Rapid Counter-MRL Personnel Recovery Mission Software Precision SIGINT Targeting Precision Targeting Identification Rapid Force Protection Initiative Small Unit Logistics Space Based Space Surveillance Operations Theater Air & Missile Defense Interoperability Theater Precision Strike Operations Unattended Ground Sensors OAF OEF OIF NE O X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dec 2004 ACTIVE ACTDs Deployed in Recent Conflicts Active ACTDs Used in Recent Conflicts Active Network Intrusion Defense Operation Allied Force

Adaptive Battlespace Awareness Boundary Step Coalition Theater Logistics Comm/Navigation Outage Forecast System Computerized Operational MASINT Weather Kosovo Operation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan Operation Iraqi Freedom Iraq Contamination Avoid at Seaports of Debarkation Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle X Ground-to-Air Passive Surveillance X Homeland Security Command & Control Joint Adv Health & Usage Monitoring System Joint Area Clearance Joint Distance Support & Response Joint Explosive Ordnance Disposal Joint Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Language & Speech Exploitation Resources Overwatch Pathfinder Personnel Recovery Extraction Survivability Restoration of Operations Spartan SIGINT Processing Theater Support Vessel Thermobarics OAF OEF OIF NE O X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Dec 2004 ACTD Historical Funding Profile Budget Vs. Appropriation Budget Request 250 213 224 214 Appropriation 219 204 Dollars in Millions 200 150 100 50 FY-06 ACTD & JCTD 0 FY95 FY96 FY97 FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 Starting in FY 2001 Congress fully supports ACTD Budget Request14 Can the Current ACTD business

process be improved? Current Model Advanced Systems and Concepts Challenges: Front-end (start-up) and tail-end (transition) funding issues create serious PPBE challenges. Little incentive for Service participation as New ACTDs create immediate unfundeds. Significant start-up and demonstration delays after JROC decision: Avg 6 month delay waiting for Implementation Agreements. Many different Program Elements fund ACTDs (Little visibility at Service level accountability challenges) Projects require sustained commitment of resources once initiated. Unfunded Requirements (UFRs) during execution cause significant risk and disruption as OSD tries to share the UFRs with stakeholders. Even successful demonstrations risk waiting 2 years (or more) for resources to be programmed via rigid PPBE process. Goal is to initiate ACTDs within months of a JROC approval. However, two year PPBE process creates Service challenge in funding new ACTDs. (Difficult to achieve before the third year) OSD AS&C Cash Resources (~30%) All other Sources (~70%) Army

Navy USAF USMC Agency PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx CoCOM Support Non-DoD Agencies Coalition Partners ACTD 3-5 year transition JCTD Time is right to take the best parts of the ACTD program and initiate a new business modelthe Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) JCTD developed based on:

GAO Audit (2002): Break traditional barriers to transition joint technologies Defense Science Board (2003): Strengthen the CoCom influence Joint Capability Study (2004 Aldridge Study): Better joint business models Internal OSD direction (2004-2005): SECDEF/CJCS: Joint has become the rule--is no longer an occasional luxury --Rapidly changing environment and Global War on Terror (GWOT) has created the need to develop Joint capabilities more rapidly Enhance the ACTD program & provide better visibility of funding Leverage the Joint Capabilities Integrated Development System (JCIDS process) to establish an improved process for transitioning ACTDs to acquisition programs Congressional influence (2005) : Maintain focus on the acceleration of innovative, relevant capabilities to meet most critical warfighter needs The JCTD program was initiated in the FY 2006 Presidents Budget 16 DUSD (AS&C) Direct Funding ACTD & JCTD Programs (Actuals & FY 2006 Presidents Budget) As of February 2005 250 JCTDs are resourced in RDT&E/DW (BA-3, BA-4, BA-5) and Procurement accounts Dollars in Millions 200 150 JCTD (BA-3/4/5/Proc) ACTD (BA-3) 100 50 0 FY-01 FY-02 FY-03 FY-04 FY-05 FY-06 FY-07 JCTD program initiated in FY 2006. Three to five year transition from ACTD to JCTD 17 JCTD/ACTD OSD Funding (FY 2006 Presidents Budget$M) OSD Shifts $40M from ACTD to JCTD to initiate the program ACTD and JCTD Program Funding Summary APN BA PE

FY-04 FY-05 FY-06 FY-07 Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) RDT&E 3 0603750D8Z 212.570 212.915 163.649 163.744 Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) RDT&E 3 0603648D8Z 35.000 35.000 Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) RDT&E 4 0604648D8Z 3.000 3.000 Defense Acquisition Executive (JCTD Pilot Program) RDT&E 5 0605648D8Z

1.000 1.000 Proc 1 0902198D8Z 1.000 1.000 40.000 40.000 203 204 Procurement (JCTD Pilot), Major EquipmentOSD Def Wide Total JCTD: Total ACTD and JCTD 213 213 Beginning in FY 2006, initiation of the JCTD process. 3-5 year transition period 18 New Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) business process Proposed Funding Model JCTD Overview First two years of Resources fenced by OSD Held in OSD PE. Most compelling JCTDs will be resourced (incentive created) Advanced Systems and Concepts FYDP Timeline (Based on 3 year Demo Phase) 1st & 2nd Year Funding Year 3 (if necessary) funded by all stakeholders Transition Year funded by OSD allow time for Services to POM for transition OSD can afford more risk protecting scarce resources. DARPA funds included in

centralization model to cement partnership between development and transition Unfunded requirements easier to address without Service or Comptroller intensive reprogramming actions in year of execution New Model will provide clear visibility of total JCTD Cash budgeted and executed (OSD/C, Congressional & GAO concern) Defense Acquisition Executive (DAE) pilot program for selected JCTDs post BA-4. Year 3 Services Provide $$ Transition Spiral Technologies. Final demo all JCTDs in 3 years or less. DAE Pilot program New Army JCTD PE OSD Provides at least 50% of the Resources during the first two years of the JCTD. JCTD PE 0603648D8Z New Navy JCTD PE New Air Force JCTD PE New Marine Corps JCTD PE OSD provides transition dollars for successful JCTDs (0604648D8Z) BA-5 (0605648D8Z) ------------------OSD Maj Equip Procurement (0902198D8Z) New DARPA JCTD PE Agency PExxxx PExxxx PExxxx

PExxxx Non-DoD Agencies Coalition Partners CoCOM Support Limited number of Selected Joint Peculiar JCTDs may enter the DAE Pilot program. Most JCTDs will Transition through normal processes. ACTD-JCTD Wing Walk Enhancing the Business Model for the Joint Customer Combatant Commander remains the Primary Customer Advance Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) o Final Demonstration: 3-4 years Final Demonstration: 2 3 years with spiraled-out capabilities. Impact: Mature capabilities demonstrated to the joint warfighter faster. o Challenging ACTD selection process: CoCom near-term versus rigid PPBE 2 year resource process. Greater CoCom Focus through JCTD Selection Process: Stakeholders have decision in resource allocation for funds already set-aside. Impact: JCTDs maintain relevancy/purposely resourced for success. o OSD provides limited funds: Services required to break programs to fund new capabilities. JCTD Resources (Quick Start): OSD provides majority Service funding for the first two years of the JCTD. Impact: Accelerate JCTD initiation and increase funding stability. o Difficult to track ACTD funding in Service lines (multiple

Program Elements). JCTD-specific Program Elements Created. Impact: Increase funding accountability and tracking. Provides time for Services to POM for selected JCTDs. o ACTDs face difficult Transition challenges, creating joint & coalition orphans. JCTD Transition stability: Funding across the Acquisition process. DAE pilot program Impact: Prevents delays and provides a strong advocate20 Performance Metric Comparison ACTD vs. JCTD Performance Metric ACTD JCTD Threat Based: Shared Military Service and CoCom influence Capability Based: Greater CoCom influence looking at nearer term joint/coalition needs.. Spiral Technologies No Metric currently established Spiral Technology available within one year of JCTD initiation. Final Demonstration Completed (Starting Point: Approved ID) 3 to 4 years after initiation (Implementation Directive (ID) Signed) 50% completed by the end of the 2nd year. All JCTDs completed by the end of the 3rd year. Shared Funding and Visibility of resources OSD provides no more than 30% of the budgeted resources. Funding provided from many different program elements. OSD provide significantly more funding (more than 50% depending on cost of the JCTD), especially in the first two years.

Military Utility Assessment (MUA) conducted by an independent activity MUA traditionally tied to a specific planned exercise for evaluation JCTDs not necessarily tied to an exercise. Greater flexibility to establish military utility via operational real-world demonstration or specifically designed test/venue 70% of ACTDs transition at least one product to sustainment 80% of JCTDs transition at least 50% of their products to sustainment Project Selection Focus Transition of technology Source: FY 2006 Presidents Budget 21 Why Evolve ACTDs To JCTDs Now? Its the right thing to do: (ADM Fargo, USPACOM) CoCom customers need an early voice in needs process that responds quickly. AT&L can provide a compelling joint approach as an answer to: Starting fast (inside the PPBE process). Prevents breaking Service programs at the start of each ACTD. Addresses the Valley of Death between successful demonstrated capabilities & transition to acquisition/sustainment. GAO, Congressional, DSB, and other studies which support the philosophy of the JCTD initiative. The time is right: JCTD fits the transformation and GWOT initiatives of the Department Directly supports the SECDEFs goals of shifting to a more rapid, joint capability process that will increase CoCom influence. 22

ACTD/JCTD Back-up Slides and Questions Finally, I will add that we are encouraged by recent actions taken by DOD to initiate a joint concept technology demonstration business process as it is intended to meet joint and coalition forces needs and promotes many of the good practices we outlined above. To be successful, this process must have the authority and clout to overcome traditional barriers and the tools necessary to drive a knowledgebased, evolutionary acquisition approach. GAO Testimony before the HASC Subcommittee on Tactical Air & Land Forces by Michael Sullivan, Acting Director, Acquisition and Sourcing Management (March 2005) 23 Overview Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) (Four parts to the 3-5 year initiative to transform the ACTD program to JCTD) 1. Front-end incentive funds create fair-share partnership. First two years of Service resources fenced in OSD. (JCTD PE will eventually replace ACTD PE) 2. 3. Creation of new JCTD specific Program Elements (Defense Wide and Service) (New D/W JCTD PEs have been created RDT&E BA-3/4/5) Visibility and Accountability of funds Allows time for Services to POM for outyears as JCTD proves successful One year of Transition funding (New OSD JCTD PE in RDT&E BA-4) 4. Incentive to participate without breaking Service core programs. Also provides stability of funding. The Best JCTDs win the resources. Bridge the S&T capability Valley of Death DoD prepared to catch successful capabilities without destructive delays Defense Acquisition Executive (DAE) Pilot program Transition Joint Peculiar systems into a fielded capability (New OSD PEs: RDT&E BA-5, OSD Procurement). Lays the groundwork for USD (AT&L) to pilot new acquisition models and look at ways to address joint challenges identified in the Joint Capability Study (Aldridge Study).

Tracking joint capability through acquisition into initial sustainment Resources were shifted from the ACTD program to initiate the JCTD business model 24 UNCLASSIFIED Quotes on Joint Needs "The ability of the armed services the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard to work together is increasing. It has to increase. Jointness has to become the rule and not an occasional luxury. Secretary of Defense Speech at the Association of the U.S. Army Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Oct. 27, 2004 The rapidly changing international environment and the global war on terrorism require that we create joint capabilities more quickly. General Myers, CJCS (Joint Force Quarterly: Summer 2002) ADM Fargo (USPACOM) Im writing in support of the AT&L JCTD initiative, which evolves the Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration Program and intends to stabilize start-up and transition funding for rapid development of Joint capabilities.We need a stable program that rapidly provides new Joint capabilities for demonstration, assessment, and operational use. The ACTD program has served us well. The JCTD initiative to stabilize funding and aid transition of new Joint capabilities, with minimal impact on Service programs, is the right thing to do. Area Cruise Missile Defense (ACMD) FY 2001 ACTD (Completed) Problem: The continental US & North America lacks a robust capability to detect, track, and engage low altitude, low visibility cruise missiles, UAVs, and light aircraft. Current air defenses are perimeter-ized and lack connectivity to various data sources and sensors. CONR AOC JMI TDL Sensors

CANADA Tactical Radar Joint Surveillance System Radars SECTOR Q-93 FAA Existing Landlines Joint Based Expeditionary Connectivity Center (JBECC) Patriot Solution: Mobile Connectivity shelter (JBECC) Correlation Engines to process disparate data Comm Link into existing C4I networks Augment NORAD Air Defense Provide early detection of unidentified air tracks Connectivity to NORAD through tactical data links Link FAA, NORAD and 1st AF air defense forces Benefits: Extensively used in Op Noble Eagle and Clear Skies Remains employed for National Capital Region air protection Employed for all Presidential CONUS travel Supported the 2004 G8 Summit and Republican National Convention Primary capability for Air Force Reserve/Air National Guard combat air defense patrols in CONUS Transitioned to 1st AF and ANG. USAF procuring 14 JBECC systems under the Joint Battle Center System FY 2002 ACTD Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (EUAV) Problem: Lack of low cost, expendable tactical surveillance and payload dispensing capabilities for counter-drug and other operations. Solution: Tactical surveillance, payloads, and payload dispensing technologies on low-cost, all-weather autonomously guided, expendable/recoverable unmanned vehicles. Benefits: Much lower cost (75% less) than tactical

UAVs Permits ready field access to ISR info when higher fidelity systems unavailable or not cost effective to risk their loss Employed extensively in OIF and OEF TERN and MAKO UAVs transitioned to SOCOM ACTD Small Business Success Stories Expendable Unmanned Aerial Vehicle NAVMAR Applied Science (Jessup, MD) UAVs and air-delivered sensors $9.3M, with potential $10M follow-on Phoenix Worldwide Industries ( Miami, FL) Air-delivered sensors $1.5M, with potential $2M follow-on Cloud Cap Technology (Hood River, OR) Autopilot systems $100K, with potential $200K follow-on Advanced Ceramic Research (Tucson, AZ) Advanced composite UAVs $300K, with potential $500K follow-on COMPASS Systems (Patuxent River, MD) Ground stations, software integration XPV-1 Tern and MAKO UAVs Employed Successfully in Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom $1.1M, with potential $2M follow-on Five other small businesses participating Theater Support Vessel (TSV) FY 2003 ACTD Problem This Solves: Need for a joint expeditionary capability to deliver combat ready units configured for immediate employment in JOA. High Speed Rapid Littoral Maneuver and Force Closure Rapid Unassisted Ingress and Egress Enables Austere Port Operations Reduction of Reception and Staging Times in Theater of Operations Mitigate Anti-Access and Area Denial Efforts Solution: Participants: OM: CENTCOM, CASCOM (Deputy) TM/XM: PEO CS&CSS, PM Force Projection, PM Army Watercraft Systems Independent Assessor: AEC Sponsor(s): US Army Schedule: Independent Assessments/ LUAs 2QFY04 - 4QFY05 MUA 4QFY05 High Speed Vessel Capable of:

Intra-Theater Movement of Combat Ready Units Ship-to-Ship and Ship-to-Shore Operations Supporting Operations in the Littorals Status: OEF/OIF/Joint Military Exercises Support Sailed over 80,000 NM, delivering 1.385 troops and 7,445 cargo tons FY05 RSOI/Foal Eagle, Cobra Gold, Talisman Sabre, Bright Star 05 Self-Protection Demo Program of Record in the Joint HSV Program Office Continuing to spiral operational products C4ISR Upgrades Battle Command Center/EMPRs Scalable Self Protection System April 2005 Tactical Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IFSAR) Mapping FY 2003 ACTD (Cancelled) Problem(s): U.S. Forces do not have the capability to rapidly collect High-Resolution Terrain Information (HRTI) and produce wide area high-resolution digital elevation models on short notice. Proposed Solution(s): The IFSAR Mapping ACTD would demonstrate a capability to rapidly collect and generate high-resolution terrain information (HRTI) data from a midaltitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Status: ACTD cancelled due to excessive cost growth and programmatic risk. Could not gain access to Global Hawk (environmentally controlled payload bay), so design was re-targeted to Predator B (payload bay NOT environmentally controlled). Increase in scope to modify radar design coupled with programmatic delays resulting from difficulty in obtaining commitment for any UAV platform caused excessive cost growth and risk. Status cont: Currently reviewing options using remaining funds to assess what portion of USSOUTHCOMs immediate needs can be met. Agile Transportation for 21st Century (AT) FY 2002 ACTD Dynamic CONOPS Collapses V,T, A Process Problem: The DTS has stovepipe processes for managing movement requirements, lift asset availability, and execution planning in

separate environments and no capability to match global movement requirements against available lift assets to produce an optimized transportation schedule that meets warfighter delivery requirements. CENTCOM JFCOM SOURCED FORCES S FORCE REQUIREMENTS (RL D) FORCE REQUIREMENTS V B8 SC S MOVEMENT DETAILS B8 T D LE DU RE S HE TU IME SC PAR L T S A E NT D RIV ME AR RE & UI Q RE FORSCOM AT21 - Dynamic Optimization FORCE REQUIREMENTS A Efficiency

Solution: Insert COTS technologies, automate and streamline business processes, and utilize commercial best practices for supply chain management. Benefits: Improve Force Projection and customer confidence Optimize and analyze strategic/operational movement requirements Determine proposed mode selection, consolidations and routings Maximize asset utilization and cost avoidance What are Joint Capabilities? AS&C Program Perspective Multi-Service Core Military Capabilities. Common denominator Military forces provided worldwide as selfintegrated, self-sustaining echelons by the Services. (Global Positioning System, Movement Tracking System) Joint Enabling Capabilities. Additional capabilities required by warfighters to exercise joint command, and to enable core military elements to function effectively as a coherent joint force. (Network Centric Operations, Common Operational Picture) Joint is an inter-Service reliance acting together as one not a patchwork of deconflicted Service operations. (General Tommy Franks, excerpts from American Soldier) Unique Regional/Specified Mission Requirements. Capabilities beyond common core military capabilities required by warfighters to effectively function in operational environments associated with assigned regional or specified missions. (Foliage Penetrating Radar, Language Translators) 32

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