Regulations and Standards - US Department of Energy

QUALITY CONTROL INSPECTOR Regulations and Standards WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Learning Objectives REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS By attending this session participants will be able to:

List selection criteria for weatherization measures. Recognize Appendix A as a tool for materials selection. Identify DOE rules and guidance. Locate resources for residential building, electrical, and mechanical codes. Discuss the application of codes in weatherization. Locate resources for worker safety requirements. Explain the differences between incidental repairs and health and safety (H&S) measures. Describe DOE rules and guidance as they apply to incidental repairs and H&S measures.

2 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Measure Selection Guidelines REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Appendix A SIR 1 o Based on DOE-approved audit o Present Value of $ o Fuel Escalation Rate 3 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

Appendix A REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Can only install measures listed in Appendix A Materials must meet standards for conformance based on Appendix A Example: REPLACEMENT WATER HEATERS Standards for Conformance Electric (resistance) water heaters 10 CFR1 430 and UL3 174.

Heat pump water heaters UL 1995, Second Edition, 1995. Electrical components to be listed by UL. And must have SIR 1 4 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov SIR Data Needs REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Energy consumption of existing item Energy consumption of replacement item Total cost of replacement: o Price and installation costs of new unit

o Cost of removal and decommissioning of old unit Local utility rates Discount rate: o Fuel escalation rate o Present value 5 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov SIR Calculations REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Alternately: Built into DOE-approved audits Use spreadsheet PV function

6 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Using PV Function for SIR REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS SIR Equation = - PV (% , n , Savings/Year) Cost Where: % = DOE provided discount rate n = Lifetime of measure, in years Savings/Year based on local utility data Cost = Total cost of installation 7 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Client Acceptance REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Appendix A SIR 1 Client Acceptance Ultimately, if the client does not want certain measures installed, then you have two choices: 1. Continue with weatherization, minus the unwanted measures. 2. Defer weatherization services. 8 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Where to Set the Bar? REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Monitor or inspect to standards that are consistent with: DOE Rules and Guidance: o Appendix A (DOE CFR 440) o Weatherization program notices (WPN) http://www.waptac.org/ State Program Standards: o Mirror DOE rules o Defer to local authority having jurisdiction 9 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Building Codes REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS International Codes Council (ICC) International Residential Code (IRC) www.intlcode.org 10 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

Electrical & Mechanical Codes REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) National Electric Code (NEC) (NFPA 70) The International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials (IAMPO) o Uniform Mechanical Code (UMC) o Uniform Plumbing Code (UPC) National Fuel Gas Code (NFGC) 11 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Weatherization Field Guides REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Field guides include detailed instructions, best-practices, and more. Regional field guides: o Weatherization Guidebook for Mid-Atlantic Region o Northeast Weatherization Field Guide o Southeastern Weatherization Field Guide o Energy OutWest Weatherization Field Guide

Many state field guides Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy An assortment of state and tegional field guides, regulations, and training resources. 12 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Incidental Repairs Defined REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Included in SIR of the unit Expenditures often capped

by the grantee Necessary for the effective performance or preservation of weatherization materials. Examples: Lighting fixture replacement when installing CFLs Flooring repair for water heater installation 13 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy Photo courtesy of US Dept. of Energy eere.energy.gov Health & Safety Measures #1

REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Energy-related health and safety is allowable Expenditures are often capped by the grantee. Examples: o Repairing gas leak o Installing smoke/CO alarms Installing smoke and CO detectors is a common health and safety measure. H&S is not included in SIR calculations. Image courtesy of the diycentral.com 14 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Health & Safety Measures #2 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Photo courtesy of NRCERT Test and repair leaky fuel lines. Photo courtesy of PA WTC Replace unsafe or leaking hot water tanks. 15 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov WPN 11-6 H&S Guidance REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Drafted in 2011 to put all relevant H&S guidance in one place Describes most common issues encountered during weatherization, what is allowed, what is required, and what is prohibited in terms of dealing with these issues Outlines how grantees must address H&S in their grantee plan, and where more guidance may be needed at the local level 16 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov H&S or Energy Conservation Measures? REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS WPN 11-6 - Health And Safety Guidance There are some instances where, depending on circumstances, the measure can be considered either a health and safety measure OR an energy conservation measure (e.g., furnaces). In those instances where the measure has a cost-effective savings-to-investment ratio (SIR) of one (1) or greater, the measure should be treated as a weatherization efficiency measure. 17 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

H&S or Incidental Repair? #1 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS WPN 11-6 - Health And Safety Guidance Grantees should carefully consider the approach to be taken when they draft their health and safety procedures. While ease of accounting is an important consideration, Grantees should keep in mind that activities assigned to the health and safety budget category do not have to be cost-justified by the energy audit. The same items assigned to incidental repair, weatherization material, or installation cost categories must be cost-justified. 18 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

H&S or Incidental Repair? #2 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Eligible measures that meet the incidental repair definition (must be defined in grantee plan): Correcting moisture creating conditions Repairing moisture damaged areas as necessary to perform weatherization Roofing repair Electrical repair Ineligible measures that do not meet the incidental repair definition:

Lead-safe work and testing Asbestos testing, encapsulation, and mitigation Removing pollutants Radon testing 19 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov H&S or Incidental Repair? #3 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Some cases may not be so clear, such as when code compliance triggers the installation of a measure. Several questions should be asked:

Necessary for installation of energy conservation measures or protection of client? Specific to ensuring H&S of worker/occupant? Part of an ECM? What aspects of ECM are separate from H&S? *The following Q&A does not consider the grantees ability to remove certain health and safety measures and define them as incidental repair in their health and safety plan. *The 20 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov WPN 12-9 Incidental Repair Measure Guidance REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

Drafted in June 2012 Provides guidance on incidental repair measures Includes FAQ addenda, which will be regularly updated and posted at: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/eere_faq/default.aspx?pid=10 21 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #1 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Wiring frayed and taped at outdoor fixture Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy

22 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #2 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Damaged light fixture on ceiling Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 23 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

Which is it? #3 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Mold in living space Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 24 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #4 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Extensive live knob and tube wiring in an attic Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy

25 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #5 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Water damage leading to failure of concrete roof/ceiling Photos courtesy of the US Department of Energy 26 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

Which is it? #6 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Large hole in ceiling Photo courtesy of PA WTC 27 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #7 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Sagging or water damaged ceilings Photos courtesy of PA WTC

28 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Which is it? #8 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Roof leaks in bedroom Photos courtesy of the US Department of Energy 29 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

Which is it? #9 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Rotted door sill Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 30 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Worker Safety REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Is it safe? Photos courtesy of Pennsylvania College of Technology

31 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Worker Safety REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS On in-progress visits, make sure workers: Follow safety regulations. Use personal protective equipment. Images courtesy of safetyglassesdepot.com and osha.gov 32 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Monitor/Inspector Requirements REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Monitors and inspectors must possess a working knowledge of: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program Regulations and Policy. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for asbestos, lead, mold, and other health hazards. Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) standards. Material safety data sheets (MSDS).

33 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Best Practices REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Best Practices: Explain how to do the right things the right way. Go well beyond standards. Offer a consistent technical approach. Promote quality workmanship. Help with quality assurance. Courtesy of the Pennsylvania College of Technology

34 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov What is Required? REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Exercise: What is Required? 45 Minutes 35 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Insulate over Knob and Tube Wiring REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 36 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Attic Venting REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Photo Source: US Department of Energy Add attic venting as necessary Attic flat: Slopes: Existing: 8 ft. x 26 ft.

8 ft. x 26 ft. x 2 Two 12 in. x 18 in. louvered end vents No ridge vents; No soffit vents All ceilings coated with vapor barrier paint 37 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Replace Bedroom Window REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS House built in 1900 2nd floor bedroom has only one

window Sash area is 27 in. x 44 in. Existing window is single hung Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 38 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Replace Attic Hatch REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 39 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012

eere.energy.gov Install New Bath Fan & Control REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS 1. How many CFM? 2. How controlled? Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 40 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Floor Plan REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

15 16 8 Den Shed Kitchen N 12 Bath Garage

Heated volume = 12 (+/-) 9,000 cu 16 Living BR Open Porch Hall 26 BR BR

= heated = no heat 7 ft. cellar under main house. Second Floor Den & kitchen floor 1 ft. clearance to ground. Image created for the US DOE WAP National Standardized Curriculum 41 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov Summary REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS

Measures must be listed and conform to Appendix A standards. Measures must have SIR 1 based on local costs and savings. Client must accept measures. Inspect or monitor to applicable rules and codes. When monitoring in-progress units, ensure that safe work practices are used. Incorporate training into monitoring and inspecting whenever possible by sharing best practices in the field. Ensure measures are clearly and accurately charged as either incidental repairs or H&S measures consistently. 42 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM September 2012 eere.energy.gov

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