Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Constructions in simple Tenses In a reflexive construction, the action is performed by the subject on itself. The reflexive verb has a reflexive pronoun as its object. Thus, the subject and the pronoun object refer to the same person(s) or thing(s): I shave myself. The reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nous, vous)generally precedee the verb. Present tense of reflexive verb Se laver Je me lave Tu te laves Il se lave Elle se lave Nous nous lavons

Vous vous lavez Ils se lavent Elles se lavent Negative, interrogative& negative interrogative of reflexive in present tense. Negative, interrogative, and negative interrogative constructions follow : Negative: Je ne me rveille pas Vous ne vous rveillez pas. Interrogative:

Est-ce que je me rveille ? Te rveilles-tu? Vous rveillez-vous? Negative interrogative Est-ce que je ne me rveille pas ? Ne te rveilles-tu pas? Ne vous rveillez-vous pas? Common reflexive verbs Common reflexive verbs (cond) Common reflexive verbs (Cond) Note-Remember the spelling changes in

the following reflexive verbs: Note Some reflexive verbs may be used with an object in addition to the reflexive pronoun. In such constructions this object is the direct object of the verb and the reflexive pronoun is the indirect object. Claire se lave. Claire washes herself. (Se is direct object because Claire is washing herself.) Claire se lave les cheveux. hair. C.O.D. Claire washes her

Direct Object (Cheveux is the direct object, and se is the indirect object: Claire is washing her hair for herself.) Elle sachte la robe herself. She buys the dress for (Robe is the direct object, and se is the indirect object: she is buying the dress for herself.) Most French verbs could become reflexive: Most French verbs that take a direct object may be made reflexive by adding a personal pronoun object that refers back to the subject.

Papa rveille David David se rveille Dad wakes David. David awakens (wakes himself up). Je regarde mon ami. Je me regarde dans le miroir. the mirror. I look at my friend. I look at myself in Limpratif des verbes rflchis Note the affirmative and negative forms of the

imperative of the verb se reposer (to rest). AFFIRMATIVE Lave-toi! Lavons -nous! ourselves! Lavez-vous ! Wash yourself Lets wash NEGATIVE Ne te lave pas! Dont wash yourself! Ne nous lavons pas! Lets not wash Wash yourselves! ourselves! Ne vous lavez pas! yourselves!

Dont wash In AFFIRMATIVE commands, reflexive pronouns come AFTER the verb and are attached to it by a hyphen. Note that te becomes toi. In NEGATIVE commands, reflexive pronouns come BEFORE the verb. Se to be quiet Taisez-vous taire The following reflexive vers are Tais-toi often used in the imperative: Sasseoir to sit down

Assieds-toi vous Asseyez- Le pass compos des verbes rflchis je Tu Il Elle Nous Vous (s) Ils Pass compos me

suis t es s est s est nous sommes vous tes se sont lav(e) lav(e) lav lave

lav(e)s lav(e) lavs Negative, interrogative& negative interrogative of reflexive in pass compostense. In compound tenses, the reflexive pronoun precedes the helping verb. In the negative, ne precedes the reflexive pronoun, and pas follows the helping verb. Je ne me suis pas habill(e) I did not get dressed In interrogative constructions with inversion, the subject pronoun and the helping verb are inverted and the reflexive pronoun remains before the helping verb. Tes-tu habill(e)? Did you get dressed? Sest-elle leve tt?

Did she get up early? Ne vous tes-vous pas laves? Didnt you wash yourselves? Ne se sont-ils pas trompes? Didnt they make a mistake? Negative, interrogative& negative interrogative of reflexive in pass compostense. Questions can also be asked without inversion, by using est-ce que at the beginning of the sentence or by using simple intonation. Vous vous tes promen(e)s ? Did you take a walk? Est ce que vous vous tes promen(e)s

Did you take a walk? Est ce que tu ne tes pas souvenu(e)? Didnt you remember Tu ne tes pas souvenu(e)? remember? You didnt The reflexive pronoun may be either a direct or an indirect object of the verb. When the reflexive pronoun is a direct object, as in elle sest lave (she washed herself), where se

stands for herself, the past participle agrees with the reflexive pronoun, therefore also agreeing with the subject. Elle sest brule. Ils se sont amuss hier. She burned herself. They enjoyed themselves yesterday. When the reflexive pronoun is an indirect object, as in elle sest lave les mains, where se stands for for herself or of herself, and les mains in the direct object, the past participle remains unchanged. Elle sest bross les dents. She brushed her teeth of herself.. Or Elle a bross les dents elle. She brushed the teeth of herself.

Ils se sont achet les vidocassettes. They bought the videotapes (for themselves). Ils ont achet les vidocassettes eux. themselves). They bought the videotapes (for

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