Present simple (form, auxiliaries in negative and question forms)

LEVEL 2 LEVEL 2 Articles a, an, the, or no article Cambridge University Press 2016 a / an Everybody has a brain. Harry is a good student. Can I have an apple? I have a math test tomorrow. I want an orange. Cambridge University Press 2016 the The bus is always late. I thought the history test was easy. Can I have the last apple? Yesterday I went to the park. You need to study before the history test on Friday. Cambridge University Press 2016

No article You should drink more water. Do you like playing soccer? Those apples are really sweet. Lily really enjoys geography class. How many tests do you have? Cambridge University Press 2016 Language in action I really enjoy school, but I dont enjoy tests. At the end of each year we have tests. This week, I have __ a science test, and next week I have __ an art exhibition and __ The science test will a math test. ___ be easy, but ___ the math test will be difficult because Im not good at math. Im looking forward to next month when I can relax and have __ a good time with my friends! Cambridge University Press 2016

GET IT RIGHT! Is there the a university in your town? (We dont know the university.) I like the math , but I dont like the English. (Were talking about math and English in general.) Ive got the an idea. Lets do our homework. I had a great time at drama club. (We dont know what the idea is.) (We use an article in some fixed expressions, e.g., to have a great time, to have a terrible time, etc.) Cambridge University Press 2016 Can you remember the rules? a/an We use a or an with singular countable nouns: when the listener/reader doesnt know exactly which thing we are talking about. when we talk about something for the first time in a conversation. You can have an apple or a banana. Look! Theres a horse in the backyard. Cambridge University Press 2016

the We use the before a noun when it is clear which thing(s) or person/ people we are talking about. The apples in this pie are from our backyard. A: Look! Theres a horse in the backyard. B: Oh yes! The horse is eating our apples. No article We use no article before plural count and noncount nouns when we are talking about things in general. Bananas are sweeter than apples. Chocolate isnt good for you. Cambridge University Press 2016 Speaking r? e h t o e h _ t _ o t

k say o o b h t a m e What did on . s m e l b o r p _ Ive got _ Why was the ant the best math? in his class at __

Because he was an __ account-ant. ave h u o y o d s mal i n a f o t r o sts? What s e t

_ _ n i r o ut f o h c t a w o t hs. a t e e h C _ _ to

g n o l e sb n i a t n c h m ou hi W : r e Teach ? w e s! r e d

d n n A A e T_h_ : t n Stude What subjec t di d t snake he get _a_n A in ? Hiss-s tory! Cambridge University Press 2016 the Teacher: Who broke ___

window? Lucy: It was Mias fault. I a banana at her threw __ head, and she moved! Quiz time The adult brain weighs nearly 3.5kg. 3.5kg 1.5kg 1 ____ Spanish and Arabic are ___ thehardest languages to learn. Chinese 2 Spanish the16th century. Before this, they 3 Mathematical symbols were invented in ___ were written in words. anoverheated brain. 4 Yawning is the bodys way of cooling down ___ Englishbefore the age of five have ___a different brain 5 Children who learn English two languages structure than children who learn only one language. 30.2% people in the U.K. who take their driving test pass. 50.2% 6 Only 30.2% of ___

a 7 A brain produces enough energy to light ___ light bulb. 3,000 7,000 languages the 8 There are about 3,000 languages in ___ world. Cambridge University Press 2016 Acknowledgements The publishers are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright photographs and material: Slide 2: SOVEREIGN, ISM/ SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY The publishers are grateful to the following illustrators: Slides 3 and 4: Graham Kennedy Slide 5: Julian Mosedale Cambridge University Press 2016

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