Science - Year 4 Living Things & their

Science - Year 4 Living Things & their Habitats Block 4LvH Name That Living Thing! Session 3 Classification PowerPoint Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users. We refer you to our warning, at the foot of the block overview, about links to other websites. Lets get sorting!

There are about nine million different types of living thing on Earth and they are all named! Can you write that number in figures? Which species do you think humans are the most similar to? In fact around 98% of chimp genes (tiny parts in all your cells which give you certain characteristics, e.g. colour of eyes, and which can be passed on to the next generation) are the same as human genes, but there are obvious differences in appearance and behaviour. Can you think of some differences?

chimps: more hairy, different shaped jaw & nose, move around on all 4 limbs, have longer arms & shorter legs Sorting this large number of species into groups based on similarities helps people to know which living thing is being talked about. Scientists can be sure they are investigating the same species. Two, very large, groups of living things are animals and plants. We are part of the animal kingdom. These groups are however still too big (about 7.8 million animal species) so they have to be sub-divided. Animals are split into vertebrates and invertebrates. Can anyone explain what those words mean? Invertebrates have no backbone (spine) and vertebrates do.

There are far more invertebrates than vertebrates some are very simple like sponges, others are more complex like insects, spiders (arachnids) and molluscs. Vertebrates are split again into fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Am I a reptile or an amphibian? Click here to watch a clip about animal classification: http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/clips/zpqcfrd Plants can be grouped into flowering and non-flowering

(e.g. ferns & mosses) plants. Branching databases Branching database dichotomous key spider woodlouse snail

ladybird Does it have legs? yes Does it have 6 legs? Minibeasts earthworm

earwig no Does it have antennae? no yes Is its body in two main parts? no

yes earthworm snail Does it have pinchers? no ladybird no

yes woodlouse spider yes earwig Sorting Minibeasts as questions and answers

spider woodlouse 1. Does it have legs? 2. Does it have 6 legs? snail ladybird

earthworm Yes go to 2 No go to 3 Yes go to 4 No go to 5 3. Does it have antennae? Yes It is a snail No It is an earthworm 4. Does it have pinchers?

Yes It is an earwig No It is a ladybird 5. Is its body in two main parts? Yes It is a spider No It is a woodlouse earwig

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