THE BOOKS OF CHRONICLES EVENTS OF THE YEARS - HEBREW theme ISRAELS SPIRITUAL HISTORY & HERITAGE THE BOOKS OF CHRONICLES EVENTS OF THE YEARS - HEBREW Are so called as being the record made by the appointed historiographers of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel;

they are the official histories of those kingdoms. Narrates David and Solomons kingship as well as a selection of southern kings and Judahs judgment into exile. Kings - from mans viewpoint. Concentrated on bad things the kings did. (author: Jeremiah?) Chronicles - from God's viewpoint. Sin not mentioned. Revivals mentioned. Concentrated on good things the kings did. (author: Ezra?) Like the gospels - same events but different accounts THE BOOKS OF CHRONICLES EVENTS OF THE YEARS - HEBREW

First and Second Chronicles is written for the people who returned from exile as a way to encourage them in their faith. They were spiritual heirs of David and Solomon and God would not forget the promises He made to David and to His people. Thus, David and Solomon are portrayed in a more positive light, and only the southern kingdom (Judah) is highlighted. Central theme: The Significance of The Davidic Covenant. Time of incredible peace & prosperity. Prince of peace (Solomons reign). Picture of second coming. Made possible because of the blood shed during Davids reign. EZRA & NEHEMIAH theme

RESTORATION & RECONSTRUCTION EZRA & NEHEMIAH These two books should be seen as one volume. They narrate the return of the exiles from Babylon in three different groups. (3 deportations) One was led by Zerubbabel, who began to rebuild the temple. Another was led by Nehemiah, who rebuilt the walls of Jerusalem. A third was led by Ezra the scribe, who taught Gods

people the law and reestablished the worship of God and Israels festivals. Ezra's religious reforms vs Nehemiah's political/social reforms EZRA & NEHEMIAH EZRA The story of the return of the Jews from the Babylonian captivity, and of the rebuilding of the temple, reestablishing them again in their land. Covers 1st return and 2nd

return from exile. Part in Hebrew and part in Aramaic. NEHEMIAH (Yahweh has comforted) Covers the 3rd return. An account of the rebuilding of the walls of the city, and of the obstacles encountered and overcome. Leadership and revival. Man of action but few words.

Position of trust, wielding considerable influence. Picture of the ministry of the Holy Spirit (comforter) ESTHER theme PRESERVATION ESTHER Second book to be named after a woman. God is not mentioned. Almost excluded from

the Bible. Prayer is not mentioned too. Not quoted in New Testament. But God stood in the shadows & watched over His own. Even when God is silent, He is at work. Like Ezekiel & Daniel, it was set outside the Promised Land. ESTHER How Jews behaved in a gentile society. Satan's attempt to destroy the Jews & Jesus. The story of a Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved the Jewish people from destruction.

For if you remain completely silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the Jews from another place, but you and your fathers house will perish. Yet who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? Esther 4:14 The providence of God for His people. Even when His people are faithless, God remains faithful. POETICAL / WISDOM BOOKS Insight into daily living & address troubling questions about faith in God. The foundation of wisdom - The fear of the

Lord. JOB theme BLESSINGS THROUGH SUFFERING JOB Probably the oldest book. No mention of Law, Israel & Tabernacle. The story of the trials and patience of a holy man of Edom.

The setting of the story is a test of Jobs faith by removing everything that is of value to him (wealth, family and health). JOB The bulk of the story was a conversation between Job and his three friends, Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar, who argued about why Job was suffering and concluded that it was due to a sin in Jobs life. Job defended his innocence before his friends. Elihu entered the picture and suggested to Job that he needed to be more humble since God is not required to explain Himself. God finally answered Job but offered no explanation for the suffering. Instead God humbled Job and sought to remove any

sense of self-righteousness in order that he might find his purpose in God. The book ended with God restoring everything that Job had lost. Troubles & misfortune do not mean that God has forsaken you. God didnt answer Job. He is the answer for his situation. PSALMS PROVERBS Workbook on worship Workshop in wisdom

Takes your heart to heaven Keeps your feet on the ground A songbook A guidebook A book you take to prayer closet

A book you take to office at work What you bring to the sanctuary What you take to the streets Complement each other like love & marriage. PSALMS

theme PRAISE PSALMS The hymn or "Him" book of the Bible. Not just a book of praise but exhortation to praise. Keyword "Hallelujah" Only book that contains every human experience - deep devotion, intense feeling, exalted emotion & dark rejection. Not only speaks to us but also for us. A collection of sacred poems intended for use in the worship of Jehovah. Chiefly the productions of David.

The Book of Psalms is essentially a hymnbook for the Hebrew nation. Mans chief end is to glorify God and enjoy Him forever. PSALMS The 5 sections correspond to the 5 books of Moses. (Pentateuch). It contains 150 songs and prayers that focus on Israels religious life. There are 70 Psalms attributed to King David, many of which detailed Sauls vengeful pursuit of the would-be King David. Other authors include Asaph, sons of Korah, Moses... There are different types of Psalms: Laments; praises; royal

Psalms (where Gods kingship is celebrated); thanksgiving Psalms; imprecatory Psalms and messianic Psalms that the New Testament writers used in speaking about Jesus (for example Psalm 22). One of the most beloved parts of Scripture is Psalm 23 while Psalm 119 celebrates the goodness of Gods word. It is also the longest Psalm. PROVERBS theme PRACTICAL WISDOM

PROVERBS Short sentence drawn from long experience. Simple truth. Easy to remember. Keys to a good life. Not religious. No priests. No worship. Living a sacred life in a secular world. Generally true. Not always true. 900 proverbs (general observations of life). Not promises. 31 chapters. PROVERBS The wise sayings of Solomon.

Other authors include Agur, King Lemuel... Proverbs are short sayings that communicate a moral truth or principle. The goal of the Book of Proverbs is to communicate wisdom for godly living, a wisdom that originates and comes from God. Wisdom is more precious than gold and only a fool is not interested in receiving its instructions. SONG OF SOLOMON PROVERBS

ECCLESIASTES Love of Solomon Written by young Solomon Romance Wisdom of

Solomon Written by middle-aged Solomon Morality Foolishness Written by of Solomon old Solomon Nature

ECCLESIASTES theme ALL IS VANITY APART FROM GOD ECCLESIASTES A poem respecting the vanity of earthly things. "LORD" not mentioned. Favourite book of atheists, cynics, critics & cults. The Book of Ecclesiastes is attributed to Solomon and is a biography that examines the meaning of

life. Solomon reflected over a backslidden period away from God. No relationship with Him. ECCLESIASTES Journal of his journey into carnality. Life without God. The second wisest man played the fool. One of his conclusions is that all of mens actions are essentially transitory and meaningless. Vanity of vanities. Therefore one should enjoy lifes simple pleasures including work which is Gods gift to humans. The authors final conclusion on lifes meaning however is the most noteworthy:

Fear God and keep His commandments for that is the whole duty of everyone (Eccl 12:13).

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