* upon completion you will be required to individually complete and submit a test as proof of training WHMIS 1988/2015 Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System WHMIS Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System Canada wide system designed to provide employers and workers with information about hazardous materials used in the workplace
What is GHS? GHS is global system that defines and classifies the hazards of chemical products and communicates health and safety information on labels and Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) WHMIS 1988 + GHS = WHMIS 2015 WHMIS 1988 + GHS = WHMIS 2015 Federal: WHMIS 2015 is in place Not governed by Controlled Products Regulation
(now it is the new Hazardous Products Regulation) WHMIS 1988 is not off the books we still need to cover it until it is phased out WHMIS 2015 will be fully implemented by Dec 2018 Why the changes? Implementing GHS into Canada will help harmonize Canadas chemical hazard communication system with those of other countries providing more consistent hazard information.
Excluded Products Explosives Cosmetics Food and Drugs Pesticides Radioactive Material Hazardous Waste * Although these items are excluded from the WHMIS requirements we still need to know if they are safe and how to protect ourselves Consumer Products
Wood/Wood Products Tobacco/Tobacco Products WHMIS/GHS 2015 Whats New? New hazard pictograms New hazard classes New labels and their required elements such as signal words New meaning of all signal words and hazard statements New SDS format and how to locate information needed to work safely VIDEO WHMIS 2015 Introduction WHMIS/GHS RESPONSIBILITIES
Suppliers/Manufacturers: Identify and classify controlled products Prepare supplier labels and MSDS/SDS Review and update MSDS/SDS Provide most current MSDS upon delivery WHMIS/GHS RESPONSIBILITIES Employer/Supervisor (Principal): create/apply workplace labels obtain most current MSDS/SDS assess products produced in the house worker education and training provide information in medical emergencies establish a WHMIS program
WHMIS/GHS RESPONSIBILITIES Worker: to use or wear the equipment, protective clothing as required by the employer to report hazards and cases of noncompliance to their supervisor (i.e. missing or damaged labels) participate in training understand and use information provided (labels and MSDS/SDS) WHMIS & GHS Hazardous information is provided in 3 ways: 1.Labels 2.MSDS/SDS
3.Worker training WHMIS 1998 LABELS WHMIS 1988 WHMIS/GHS 2015 WHMIS 2015 Potential GHS Label 7 Components of a Supplier Label: WHMIS 1998 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. WHMIS/GHS 2015 Product identifier Supplier identifier (name only) Hazard symbols (1 or more 1. circular)
3. 2. and telephone number) effect which may result from exposure) 4. Precautionary measures 5. 7.
First aid instructions Reference to MSDS Hazard pictograms (symbol within a Diamond) Risk phrases (description of the Hazard statements (supplier must use standard wording) (describes safe handling use & storage) 6.
Product identifier Supplier identifier (name, address Precautionary statements (response, prevention, storage and disposal) 6. 7. Signal word (danger or warning) No reference to MSDS/SDS Workplace Labels A workplace label is required when: a hazardous product is produced
(made) at the workplace and used in that workplace, a hazardous product is decanted (e.g., transferred or poured) into another container, or a supplier label becomes lost or illegible (unreadable) Workplace Labels SAMPLE WORKPLACE LABEL 3 REQUIRED PIECES OF INFORMATION 1. Product Identifier 2. Hazard Information Methanol
Flammable Do not use near flame or spark Avoid inhaling vapours 3. Reference to MSDS See the MSDS before using product in g n i t n a
c e d n s w he e n o e s e h t e t *You crea
e t c s le t t o b y a r p s There are two situations when a workplace label is not necessary
When a hazardous product is #1. poured into a container and it is going to be used immediately, or #2. "under the control of the person who decanted it". For example, when the person who poured the product into another container will be the only person who will use it, and the product will be used during one shift, a full workplace label may not be required. However, the container must still be identified with the If the product is not used right away or if more than one product identifier (name). person will be in control of the product, a full workplace label is required.
HAZARD CLASSIFICATION/SYMBOLS: Hazard Classes WHMIS 1988 6 Classes: 1. Class A-Compressed Gas 2. Class B- flammable and Combustible Material 3. Class C-Oxidizing Material 4. Class D Poisonous and Infectious Material 5. Class E-Corrosive Material 6. Class F- Dangerously Reactive Material 02/11/2020
14. Corrosive to Metals 15. Gases Under Pressure 16. Self Reactive substances GHS Health Hazard Classes 1. Acute toxicity 2. Skin corrosion/irritation 3. Serious eye damage/eye irritation 4. Respiratory sensitization/skin sensation 5. Germ cell mutagenicity 6. Carcinogenicity 7. Reproductive Toxicity 8. Specific target organ toxicity single exposure 9. Specific target organ toxicity repeated exposure 10.Aspiration hazard
GHS - Environmental Hazard Class (optional) 1. Hazardous to Aquatic Environment 2. Hazardous to Ozone Layer How Chemicals Enter the Body - Route of Entry Common Terms you may encounter on Labels or MSDS/SDS: Acute - Sudden or brief. Acute exposure is a short tem exposure that lasts min/hrs/days. Acute effects occur quickly and can harm the body after one single
exposure. Chronic Long term or prolonged. Chronic exposure is a long term exposure that lasts for months or years. Carcinogen - A substance which can cause cancer. Mutagen - A substance which can cause changes in the DNA of cells (mutations). Teratogen A substance which can cause birth defects. LD50/LC50 Lethal dose or lethal concentration of a material that causes death in 50% of the test animals. Exposure Limits Time and
concentration/ dose that a normal healthy adult can be exposed to before suffering adverse health effects. Combustible - Able to burn. Flash Point - The lowest temperature at which a liquid or solid gives off enough vapour to form a flammable air-vapour mixture near its surface. The lower the flash point, the greater the fire hazard.
CLASS A: Compressed Gas PHYSICAL HAZARD: Compressed Gas RISKS: Could explode due to pressure Could explode if heated or dropped
Possible hazard from both the force of explosion and the release of contents PRECAUTIONS: EXAMPLE: ENSURE CONTANER IS ALWAYS SECURED Oxyacetylene gas
Store in appropriate designated areas Do not drop or allow to fall CO2 Oxygen PHYSICAL HAZARD RISKS: Poses an explosion hazard Self-reactive- heating may cause fire or explosion Organic Peroxide
PRECAUTIONS: Ensure container is away from any heat sources CLASS B: Flammable and Combustible Material PHYSICAL HAZARD: Flammable RISKS: Potential fire hazard
May ignite spontaneously PRECAUTIONS: STORE IN PROPERLY DESIGNATED AREAS WORK IN WELL VENTILATED AREAS Avoid heating EXAMPLE:
Acetone Kerosene Avoid sources of sparks/flames Turpentine Butane Spray Paint Varnish CLASS C: Oxidizing Material PHYSICAL HAZARD: Oxidizing RISKS:
Materials which can cause other materials to burn or support combustion Can cause skin or eye burns EXAMPLE: Increase fire and explosion hazard May cause combustibles to explode or Sodium Hypochlorite Potassium react violently Permanganate PRECAUTIONS: STORE IN AREAS AWAY FROM COMBUSTIBLES WEAR BODY, HAND, FACE AND EYE PROTECTION Store in proper containers which will not rust or
CLASS D1: Toxic Immediate and Severe HEALTH HEALTH HAZARD: HAZARD: Toxic Toxic - Acute RISKS: May be fatal if ingested or inhaled May be absorbed through the skin Small volumes have a toxic effect
PRECAUTIONS: AVOID BREATING DUST OR VAPOURS AND AVOID CONTACT WITH SKIN OR EYES Use personal protective equipment Store in designated areas EXAMPLE: Chemicals used in Photography Sulfuric Acid CLASS D2: Other Toxic Effects
RISKS: May cause death or permanent injury EXAMPLE: May cause cancer, birth defects or sterility Asbestos May be sensitizer causing allergies PRECAUTIONS: WEAR APPROPRIATE PERSONAL PROTECTION WORK IN A WELL VENTILATED AREA Sweeping Compound Window Cleaner Drain Cleaner Store in appropriate designated areas
Avoid direct contact Use personal protective equipment, work in ventilated areas and store in designated areas HEALTH HAZARD RISKS: Carcinogenicity Respiratory Sensitization Reproductive Toxicity Specific Target Organ Toxicity Germ Cell Mutagenicity Aspiration Hazard PRECAUTIONS: Wear appropriate personal protective equipment
Exclamation Mark RISKS: Irritant (skin or eyes) Skin Sensitization Acute Toxicity (harmful) Specific Target Organ Toxicity Hazardous to the Ozone Layer PRECAUTIONS: Ensure appropriate personal protective equipment CLASS D3 Biohazardous and Infectious RISKS:
Biological materials which can cause disease or have the same effects of disease Includes viruses, yeasts, moulds, bacteria and parasites which affect humans PRECAUTIONS: SPECIAL TRAINING REQUIRED TO WORK WITH THESE MATERIALS Avoid direct contact Always use universal precautions or other handling techniques CLASS E: Corrosive Material PHYSICA HAZARD: Corrosive
RISKS: Eye and skin irritation on exposure Severe burns/tissue damage on longer exposure - may cause blindness if eyes contacted lung damage if inhaled PRECAUTIONS: WEAR BODY, FACE AND EYE PROTECTION Ensure protective equipment is appropriate Work in well ventilated area Avoid all direct body contact
Use appropriate storage containers EXAMPLE: Degreaser Floor Stripper Chlorine Sulfuric Acid CLASS F: Dangerously Reactive Material EXAMPLE: (not recom. for school use)
Vinyl Chloride Ethylene Oxide RISKS: Aluminium Chloride Unstable May react with water to release a toxic or flammable gas May explode if exposed to shock or heat PRECAUTIONS: HANDLE WITH CARE AVOIDING VIBRATION, SHOCKS AND SUDDEN TEMP. CHANGES Store in appropriate containers away from heat Ensure storage containers are sealed Store in cool, flame-proof area
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD RISKS: Toxic to the environment and aquatic life if contents should enter the environment PRECAUTIONS: Ensure container is secured/closed Ensure proper disposal, do not pour into sink or allow to spill near sewers/drains Store in appropriate designated areas What is an MSDS/SDS? A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or SDS is a document that: -
contains information on the potential hazards (health, fire, reactivity and environmental) and how to work safely with the chemical product - contains information on the use, storage, handling and emergency procedures all related to the hazards of the material - contains much more information about the material than the label -
prepared by the supplier or manufacturer of the material Under WHMIS 2015, SDS will be phased in and replace MSDS by 2018 HAZARD COMMUNICATION: MSDS/SDS WHMIS 1988 WHMIS/GHS 2015 MSDS SDS (Material Safety Data Sheets)
Current within 3 years vs (Safety Data Sheets Most current availa from supplier The most current MSDS/SDS must be accessible to all staff, electronic format is acceptable as long as it can be accessed in an emergency HAZARD COMMUNICATION In the Workplace
MSD S 1. Product Identification & Use 2. Hazardous Ingredients 3. Physical Data 4. Fire & Explosion Hazard Data 5. Reactivity Data 6. Toxicological Properties/Health Hazard Data 7. Preventative Measures 8. First Aid Measures 9. Preparation Date of MSDS
SDS 1. Identification 2. Hazard Identification 3. Composition Information on Ingredients 4. First Aid Measures 5. Fire Fighting Measures 6. Accidental Release Measures 7. Handling and Storage 8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection 9. Physical and Chemical Properties 10.Stability and Reactivity 11.Toxicological Information 12.Ecological Information
13.Disposal Considerations 14.Transport Information 15.Regulatory Information 16.Other Information Where to find the HCDSB MSDS/SDS: Follow this link: www.3eonline.com or https://www.3eonline.com/EeeOnlinePortal/DesktopDefault.aspx?tabid=90 or check with your supervisor If prompted for login use
ID: haltoncatholicdistrict PW: burlington HCDSB MSDS/SDS Management If you find a chemical that doesnt have a MSDS inform Health and Safety Officer before they are used Temporary chemicals used during a renovation or health outbreak should come with MSDS/SDS to be kept on site Do not bring unapproved chemicals into the workplace
HCDSB Chemical Storage Chemicals must be stored based on their reactivity, refer to MSDS/SDS and Science Safety Manual Science chemicals must be securely stored in the science prep room, not in the classroom When not in use, store chemicals away from children keep chemical storage areas locked All chemicals must be labeled Flammable Chemicals STORING CHEMICALS In approved containers (if under 5 gal.) or, in a metal cabinet
Report all flammable liquid spill/leaks to the supervisor Decant flammable chemicals in the fume hood See HCDSB Science Safety Manual for additional information HCDSB Chemical Handling Decant chemicals using proper dispensing system in approved areas
Follow specific chemical handling instructions Order small quantities, enough Use the appropriate chemical for the task Do not mix chemicals unless instructed to
do so (ie. as part of a science experiment) Never use flammable chemicals to clean your hands Use caution when cleaning areas where unknown chemicals have been used (science sinks/benches) Wear appropriate Personal Protective
OHSA - Sec. 28(1) A worker shall wear the equipment, protective PPE devices or clothing that the workers employerProtective requires Personal (b) Equipment Types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Gloves (different types)
Goggles/face shields Apron/clothing Shoes/boots Respirators (different types) *refer to the MSDS/SDS HCDSB Hazardous Waste Disposal Dispose of waste in a safe environmentally sound way All chemicals should be disposed of according to the MSDS sheets See HCDSB Science/Tech Safety Manuals for
additional information Contact your Facilities Manager or Health and Safety Officer for direction Hazardous waste disposal scheduled every December, March and June in all Secondary Schools Only those with valid TDG Certification should sign the Transportation Manifest on pickup
HCDSB Emergency Procedures Types of emergencies: First Aid/injury Fire Explosion Chemical Spill Ensure you are familiar with the specific
emergency procedures at your school/location and for the specific chemicals you are using before you use them. Report all accidents, injuries and spills to your Supervisor. An Accident/Incident investigation may be required and can provide valuable information for prevention. FIRST AID Know who the first aid providers are in your school and how to reach them in case of emergency
Know where the emergency eyewash station is and how to use it in an emergency (eyewash bottles have only enough water to get you to a eyewash station) Emergency Procedures Know the- FIRST BasicAID First Aid BASIC Refer to MSDS/SDS
For Chemicals in the eye (burn/absorption): Flush with water for 15 minutes Chemicals on the skin (burn/absorption): Brush off dry chemicals/Flush with water for 15 minutes Emergency Procedures Know the Basic First Aid Refer to MSDS/SDS Ingestion of chemicals: Consult poison control http://www.ontariopoisoncentre.ca/
Inhalation of chemicals: Get fresh air and monitor casualty Injection of chemicals: Seek medical attention Can you answer the following questions? What are the hazards of the products I am using? How do I protect myself from those hazards? What do I do in case of an emergency? Where can I get additional information? Additional Resources:
http://whmis.org/ - Canadas National WHMIS Portal http://www.ccohs.ca/products/posters/WHMIS2015/ WHMIS/GHS Posters Next Step: Please click on the link below to complete your WHMIS/GHS Test. 2016 WHMIS Test/Acknowledgement link https://survey.hcdsb.org/2016WHMIS.aspx?u=92a9aa3d-c 000-4e17-9d42-c2dcd926caa7&forceNew=true&test=tru e Questions? Kimberly George
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