SAFETY TALK Bat Removal During warm summer months,

SAFETY TALK Bat Removal During warm summer months, bats look for cooler areas to roost and raise young. They come into Colby College residence halls and buildings through windows, chimneys and doors. Although small and apparently harmless, up to 5% of Maines bats carry rabies. PPD staff are often tasked with removing bats and must follow these procedures to protect themselves from contact with potential infected bats. Be Prepared: To safely remove bats you must have the following equipment and PPE: Leather gloves (preferably that extend up the forearm) Protective eyewear Long sleeve shirt and pants A long handled net CO2 fire extinguisher Sealable bat container Bat Exposure and Rabies Transmission: A bite, scratch, or other direct contact with an infected bat through a break in the skin or through the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, or mouth can transmit rabies. Exposure is defined as a person or domestic animal that has, or may have had contact with a live bat and cannot completely rule out that a bite, scratch, or contact with bat saliva did not occur. Contact must be assumed if a bat has been in close proximity to an unattended young child, or a sleeping or impaired person, and in these cases the bat must be captured for rabies testing. Any time a known or potential exposure to a bat has occurred, the bat must be captured for rabies testing purposes. - If the bat is located in an area that is not typically accessible to faculty, staff and students, such as an attic, it should be left alone until it can be removed by a licensed wildlife contractor, specializing in bat removal. If the bat is located within a space that presents a risk to faculty, staff and students, such as in a bedroom, an office, a corridor or other common space where potential human exposure is possible, the bat shall be removed. o Do not release a batAssess unless known for sure that an exposure* the Situation: a person orarea domestic animal has not occurred. If the batto is located in an that is not typically accessible to faculty, staff, and such an attic, itasshould be leftor alone until it can be removed by a or * students, Exposure - isasdefined a person domestic animal that has, licensed wildlife contractor specializing in bat removal. may have had contact with a live If the bat is located within a space that presents a risk to faculty, staff, and

bat and such cannot out that a bite, scratch or space contact students, as incompletely a bedroom, anrule office, a corridor, or other common where potential human exposure is possible, the occur. bat shall be removed. with bat saliva did not Example a personBat that wakes up to find a bat in the room, or Capture Procedures: on Ceiling/Wall aBat room in which a bat and pet are found together, even if no wounds Option 1: With Gloves Donned are visible is considered a potential exposure. Clear the area or room and close the doors and windows If or potential a bat hasplace occurred, the bat a known Slowly (because bats areexposure sensitive toto movement) a large open be over captured testing mouth must container the batfor slide a piecepurposes. of cardboard between the container relocating the bat to the of the o Ifwall theand batthe is not captured, or the brain of inside the bat has been can/container. damaged in the attempt to capture, the required testing cannot be Place appropriate cover over top of can/container while simultaneously done,removing

and it will have to be assumed that the bat has rabies. the cardboard. Label container Not Open 5% of lid all ofbats testedBAT are Do found to be positive for rabies. 2:not CO2strike Fire Extinguisher Option Do the bat with such force or equipment that the If the bat is in a bad location, such as a corner of the area or room, spray brain will be fire compromised. the bat with CO2 from a CO2 extinguisher. o As long as will the drop bat is fora pre-placed testing, decisions about The bat to captured the floor into container that you postcan place prophylaxis a cover on, or pick batuntil up with bat gloves, it into a exposure can the wait testtheresults areplace obtained. container with securable cap or cover, and label o Once the bat is captured, it must be brought to the following Bat in Flight with bat gloves donned With the net, you need to location; capture the bat from behind. the bat is in captured, the net, pull or andthe secure the of draw keep the bat IfOnce the bat is not brain thestring bat to has been from escaping. damaged

in the attempt to capture, the required testing cannot be To transfer the bat from the net, freeze the bat with a CO2 extinguisher, done,and and it willtohave to be container. assumed that the bat has rabies. transfer the labeled SAFETY TALK Bat Removal SAFETY TALK Bat Removal Rabies Testing/Treatment As long as the bat is captured for testing, decisions about rabies treatment can wait until test results are obtained. Once the bat is captured, it must be brought to the EHS Director or your supervisor. If the office is not open, such as overnight or on the weekends, the properly contained bat can be left in the Environmental, Health, and Safety Managers Office. If the bat is not captured, or the brain of the bat has been damaged in the attempt to capture, the required testing cannot be done, and it will have to be assumed that the bat has rabies. If the bat is left in the EH&S Directors office, contact Security to report the bat to the Director by e-mail/phone. When in doubt about you or the residents exposure to the bat, always capture the bat for testing. The Numbers: 5-10% of bats tested by the Maine Bat Bite Mark Department of Health have rabies, but actual incidence rate is thought to be less then 1% 91% of human rabies cases in the US are attributed to bats 100% fatality rate of rabies in humans who do not get treatment Bat Skull Bat Skull SAFETY TALK Bat Removal 1. 2. 3. Questions/Discussion: Where are some areas you feel it is best to leave the bats alone as they are not a threat to Colby students, visitors, or employees? Where must they be immediately removed? Do you have the proper gear to capture bats safety? Where is it stored? What would be considered contact with a bat, i.e., exposure and require the bat be captured for testing? Printed Name Signature Questions, concerns or comments contact the EHS Director at extension 5504 .

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