Take off with history! Welcome to August 1!

Take off with history! Welcome to August 1! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1774: This will take your breath away! Joseph Priestly discovered oxygen. What other discoveries do you think shortly followed this one? American History: 1941: This vehicle was first named the Willys truck. The U.S. army needed this all-terrain vehicle immediately so it was built in 49 days. It was later renamed Jeep. How have all-terrain vehicles changed how Americans live? Word of the day: Law of demand: This terminology describes the request of business to produce quickly. Why is demand required to escalate the production timeline? Bonus Corner: When times are bad is when the real entrepreneurs emerge. Robert Kiyosaki What is an entrepreneur? Take off with history! Welcome to August 2! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 216 B.C.E.: The Romans fall to Hannibal and most of Southern Italy switches allegiance. What unusual element did Hannibal include with his troops? American History: 1861: The first income tax legislation was enacted. What was significant event created a need for money? Word of the day: Allegiance: We pledge allegiance to our flag. What does allegiance imply? Bonus Corner: What country does this flag represent? Take off with history! Welcome to August 3! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1914: France enters World War I. France had an alliance with Russia and when Russia was attacked, France entered the war. War truly ends up with no winners; just countries that lasted the longest and

took possession of more land. How can war be avoided? American History: 1933: The first Mickey Mouse watch was sold. Why do you think America has fallen in love with a rodent? Word of the day: Aggressor: In war, there is often a group that is considered the aggressor. However, defining the aggressor is not always clear cut. Why is it hard to identify the catalyst for a specific war? Bonus Corner: What French architectural wonder is shown here? Why was this unique structure built? Take off with history! Welcome to August 4! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1789: All feudal privileges and rights were abolished during the French Revolution. Feudalism was a societal structure in which lords had land and could let serfs work on it for payment or they could give it to knights

for fighting their battles. What was appealing about this way of life? American History: 1753: Freedom of the Press is established when John Peter Zenger, publisher of the New York Weekly, wins his case after being sued by the British Royal Governor (William Crosby). What are the blessings and curses with Freedom of the Press? Word of the day: Freedom (of the press): We love our freedoms. The press feels responsible for keeping the American people informed. In the past month, name one news piece you were glad the press revealed and one you wish wasnt revealed. Bonus Corner: TRIVIA : Why was every telephone in Canada and the United States shut down for one minute in 1922? Take off with history! Welcome to August 5! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1850: Separate governing rights were given to the Australian states of South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria. How would life in those

states change as a result (both good and bad)? American History: 1861: The U.S. army was finally whipped into shape! Flogging was officially banned. What is flogging and why do you think it was banned? Word of the day: States (rights): In composing the Constitution, federal rights and states rights were debated. Why is best, at times, that states make their own laws and at other times, allow the federal government take control? Bonus Corner: True patriotism hates injustice in its own land more than anywhere else. Clarence Darrow Why do you think the statement above is true? Take off with history! Welcome to August 6! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1762: Two slices of bread + a slice of beef = the first sandwich! Who would have thought that this invention, created by the Earl of Sandwich, was invented to

make it easier to eat while playing cards. What is your favorite kind of sandwich? American History: 1787: The first debates began as the Continental Congress convened to develop a key document in U.S. history. What was the document? Word of the day: Debate: The process of debate has been used to justify and/or clarify opinions on a variety of issues. How does a debate and a discussion differ in meaning? Bonus Corner: I make the most money, I think, in Russia and Paris, for the people of those countries are so willing to be amused, so eager to see something new and out of the ordinary. In 1926, the famed magician who said this stayed underwater for 91 minutes inside a box with air meant to last 6 minutes. Who was it? Take off with history! Welcome to August 7! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1498: Columbus landed in the Caribbean on this date. What was unusual about the colonists he brought?

(Hint: Many did not want to face the dangers of this kind of trip. What faction had little to lose and was willing to take the risk?) Describe a day on this journey. American History: 1794: The angry farmers of Pennsylvania had become frustrated with taxes on liquor and stills and stage a revolt. This uprising, called the Whiskey Rebellion, forced George Washington to send almost 13,000 troops to protect the tax collectors. Why are taxes levied in the first place if most people do not like them? Word of the day: Exploration: Many explorers faced difficult conditions in an effort to explore our world. What do you think was the motivation for exploration if there was so much danger? Bonus Corner: In 1861, Thaddeus Lowe was first professional airman for the U.S. military by flying reconnaissance. What did he fly? (A clue is on this page!) Take off with history! Welcome to August 8! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1786: Two Frenchmen become first to scale Mount Blanc, the highest mountain in Western Europe. What challenges would you anticipate that would plague these early climbers? American History: 1925: 40,000 members of the Ku Klux Klan rallied in Washington D.C. The Ku Klux Klan were quite vocal on their prejudice. Why do you think the group was so hateful towards African Americans? Word of the day: Defect: In 1995, Saddam Hussein is stunned when two of his daughters (and their husbands) along with several military officers defect. What does it mean to defect and what motivates people to do so? Bonus Corner: In 1576, Tycho Brahe began work in the building shown at the right. What was his profession? (Hint: He was not the janitor!) Take off with history! Welcome to August 9! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 480 B.C.E.: King Leonidas of Sparta is defeated at the battle of Thermopylae. What mighty empire delivered this crushing blow to the Greeks? American History: 1910: The first electric washing machine is patented in Chicago. They became popular by the 1920s but sales went down in the 1930s. Why would that happen if they are such a labor saving device? Word of the day: Devastation: The second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki in 1945. The devastation of this event forced the world to re-examine the use of atomic power. Click here to view images. Bonus Corner: 1972: The first one of this pictured transport was commissioned to be built. What is it and what advantage did it have over rockets? Take off with history! Welcome to August 10!

Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1907: The greatest automobile race in history was in 1907. It covered 8,000 miles (From Beijing, China to Paris, France). Estimate how long you think it took for the winner to cross the finish line and what difficulties he might have encountered. American History: 1863: Frederick Douglass crusades for fair and equal treatment of the Negro troops in the Union Army. What is ironic about this request during the Civil War? Word of the day: 1776: E Pluribus Unum (out of many, one) is adopted as the Motto on the Great Seal of the United States. Summarize this statement in your own words. Bonus Corner: FDR (President Franklin D. Roosevelt) loved Fala (pictured) . The Scottie helped him cope with what debilitating disease? Take off with history! Welcome to August 11!

Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1952: Prince Hussein of Jordan took over for his father who no longer was able to remain king. He served until 1999, the longest serving head of state. What kind of stress would a middle eastern ruler face? American History: 1860: Virginia City was home to the first successful silver mine. The Comstock Lode made many fabulously wealthy. What would be the value and the liability of that kind of sudden wealth? Word of the day: Monarch: This term refers to a king or queen . How does the rule of a monarch differ from our democracy? Bonus Corner: 1934: This island housed the worst felons in the U.S. penal system for 29 years. What is the name of this island and where is it located? Take off with history! Welcome to August 12! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1099: The Crusaders defeated the Egyptians in the first crusade. What is a crusade? Word of the day: Jihad: This term is used by the Islamic faith. What does this word mean to the Muslims? American History: Bonus Corner: 1908: The Tin Lizzy, Henry Fords Model T, rolls off the Detroit assembly line. Ford pioneered the assembly line concept. Describe how this style of production works. Who am I? *I am an inventor. *My accomplishment in 1877 was the first phonograph. *Motel 6 must love me because I made it possible to leave the light on! Take off with history! Welcome to August 13! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1521: Cortez captures the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan and ended the Aztec Empire. The city connected 5 large lakes and also provided a series of bridges. What sounds appealing to living in a city that is surrounded by water? What would be the drawbacks? American History: 1912: The first radio station was launched in Philadelphia. What are your favorite radio stations and what makes those stations enjoyable to you? Word of the day: Aqueduct: A system of aqueducts were provided for the residents of Tenochtitlan. What is an aqueduct and why would they be necessary in this ancient city? Bonus Corner: 1655: German Johann Christoph Denner was born and his claim to fame was the invention shown on the left. What instrument is shown? What do you play or would you like to master? Take off with history! Welcome to August 14! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1945: The Japanese officially and unconditionally surrendered to the Allies in World War II. Japanese soldiers stormed the Imperial Palace, attempting to block the agreement. What would have resulted in the continuation of the war? American History: 1898: U.S. forces capture Manila Bay after a three month blockade. A blockade prevents departures or arrivals to the people of Manila. What would be the consequence of such action? Word of the day: Unconditional: When the Japanese surrendered, it was only accepted if it was unconditional. What does that term mean to the people of Japan? Bonus Corner: 1959: The first pictures of earth were transmitted. How are satellites used today? Take off with history! Welcome to August 15! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1824: The African nation of Liberia was

established from freed American slaves. What challenges would you anticipate that any new nation could encounter, especially one governed by former slaves? American History: 1805: The Lewis and Clark expedition arrived in Montana, crossing the Continental Divide. What was the significance of their expedition? Word of the day: Expedition: What is the distinction between an expedition and a vacation? Bonus Corner: What famous automobile pioneer said this quote and what does it infer? If you think you can do a thing or think you can't do a thing, you're right. Take off with history! Welcome to August 16! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1914: Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata, famed bandits and revolutionaries from Mexico, took control of Northern Mexico. They started out to change

conditions for the agrarian poor. What do you think creates fear when revolutionaries are involved? American History: 1923: Carnegie Steel is the first company to establish 8 hour work days in lieu of the traditional 12 hour work day. How did this change life for average Americans? Word of the day: Revolutionaries: What types of people become revolutionaries? Bonus Corner: 1898: Edwin Prescott patents the first roller coaster. What is the best (or scariest) one you have ever experienced? Take off with history! Welcome to August 17! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1812: The Russian army is defeated by Napoleon at the battle of Smolensk. What country was Napoleon from and was he really short? Explain.

American History: 1807: Robert Fulton launched the vehicle pictured below but many awaited his failure. The project was called Fultons Folly but was quite successful. What was his creation? Word of the day: Strength: We gain strength, and courage, and confidence by each experience in which we really stop to look fear in the face... we must do that which we think we cannot. Eleanor Roosevelt How did the 3 men on this page show strength? Bonus Corner: 1897: Robert Ringling was born and developed a mobile entertainment experience that thrilled American audiences. What was it and what was usually part of this adventure? Take off with history! Welcome to August 18! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1961: The Berlin Wall was completed. The wall was built to separate the communist section from the democratic section of Berlin. Imagine your community being divided in half and you are not allowed to

travel to the other section. What impact would it have on your life? American History: 1920: The 19th amendment was ratified, giving a certain portion of this nation more political clout. Who benefited by this amendment and what rights were granted? Word of the day: Communism: Communism is the a governmental style in which all persons work and share in success so that all are created equal. What problems has communism created? Bonus Corner: 1227: Who died on this date? I was Mongol by birth I rescued my wife after she was kidnapped I united Mongolia My name meant universal ruler I was feared by many Take off with history! Welcome to August 19! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1839: The process enabling an image to be chemically fixed is developed in France and photography is born. Now many of

us do not own a camera other than our cell phones. What are the benefits and drawbacks of this instant technology? American History: 1692: Four men and one woman are condemned in Salem, Massachusetts and are hung. What were they convicted of being? Word of the day: Suffrage: This term described the privilege granted by the 19th amendment. How do you think giving women the right to vote has changed our society? Bonus Corner: 1909: A dirt track is opened in Indiana. It later is the site to a Memorial Day tradition. Where is this track located and and what is this event? Take off with history! Welcome to August 20! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1882: Tchaikovsky first performed the 1812 Overture in Moscow. He was a gifted composer and his music still is

loved today. Of todays music, whose music do you think will live on and why? American History: 1833: James Tyler, president of the United States, decides not to run for a second term and is the first president not to serve 2 terms. Should a president remain in office only one term? Explain your answer. Word of the day: Legacy: Persons who have proceeded us in life often leave a legacy, or an example. Think of the people who you are studying in history right now. What legacy have they left for modern times? Bonus Corner: 1922: The first womens Olympics were held in Paris with 5 countries participating. Why do you think the women were segregated? Why do you think so few countries competed? Take off with history! Welcome to August 21! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1911: A brazen thief walked into the Louvre and walked out with the famed painting called the Mona Lisa. Who painted this masterpiece? American History: 1935: Benny Goodman performs in Los Angeles but the music is broadcast nationwide. This is often cited as the onset of the Swing Era. What draws you to a certain style of music? Word of the day: Inventor: The famed inventor pictured to the left was a man ahead of his time. Make a list a 5 inventions that you wish someone would invent right now! Bonus Corner: Quote: Nobody roots for Goliath. Wilt Chamberlain was born in 1936. Wilt was one of the first NBA basketball players. What do you think he inferred by this statement? Take off with history! Welcome to August 22! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1770: Captain James Cook of Britain claims Australia for Britain. What fascinates you about Australia? American History: 1831: Nat Turner leads a slave revolt in Virginia in which 60 whites were killed. Eventually, he was captured and hung. Why do you think the slaves were not victorious? (There were certainly more slaves that white slave owners) Word of the day: Revolt: A revolt is a rebellion. Write a rich sentence, using revolt in it, to describe an event you have recently studied in history. Make sure, without being explicit, the reader can infer what revolt means. Bonus Corner: 1864: The Swiss humanitarian, Jean Dunant, founded the Red Cross. What does the Red Cross do today? Take off with history! Welcome to August 23! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1833: Britain abolishes slavery in its colonies around the world . Our Civil War did not commence until 1861. Why do you think Britain reached abolition sooner than we did? American History: 1852: Uncle Toms Cabin is published and immediately became a bestseller. Harriet Beecher Stowes portrayal of the slaves showed them as slow witted and docile. Why would slaves be unhappy with that portrayal? Word of the day: Abolition: In America, this term has been applied to the termination of slavery. Use abolition in a sentence but use it to describe the abolishment of something besides slavery. Bonus Corner: Character is power. Booker T. Washington 1900: (Booker forms the National Negro Business League). What does his quote mean to you? Take off with history! Welcome to August 24! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1690: Calcutta, the largest city in India, is founded. Today, approximately 15 million live in this city and 1.15 billion in the country of India, comprising one sixth of the worlds people. What U.S. cities do you predict have 15 million people? American History: 1932: Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly nonstop across the United States. What do you imagine drives a person to strive for accomplishments that have never been achieved before (and could be fraught with danger)? Word of the day: Software: (1995) Microsoft releases Windows 95 and sells 7 million copies in 6 weeks. Why do you think it is called software? Bonus Corner: 1853: Invention riddle! I am a popular snack item. I love to take a dip whenever possible. My raw material come from Idaho. Its hard to eat just one! Take off with history! Welcome to August 25! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1941: Stalin orders the destruction of the Lenin-Duepoges Dam to slow down the advancing Nazis. What was wise and not-so-wise about this decision? American History: 1829: Mexico refuse s Andrew Jacksons offer to buy Texas, but Jackson definitely wanted the Longhorn state. What famed battle in Texas demonstrated the U.S. commitment to the territory (even though all of the Americans who fought in this battle lost their lives)? Word of the day: Wisdom: By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest. Confucius Put Confuciuss words into your own! Bonus Corner: 1819: Allan Pinkerton is born. He created the first private detective agency. What skills do you possess that would make you a great private eye? Take off with history! Welcome to August 26!

Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1498: Michelangelo is hired to create the Pieta for St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. Examine the photo. What makes this sculpture incredible? American History: 1873: The first kindergarten was opened in St. Louis, Missouri. What were your fondest memories of kindergarten? Word of the day: Assassination: What is the difference between assassination and murder? Bonus Corner: 1838: Born today was John Wilkes Booth. He was an actor by trade but was made famous by what deed? Take off with history! Welcome to August 27! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1910: Famous lady of History Born in Yugoslavia Her real first name was Agnes Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 She is like a mother to many

Has served the poor in Calcutta American History: 1859: The first successful oil well was drilled in Pennsylvania. What are some of the many uses of petroleum besides gas in our cars? Click here for a link to a list. Word of the day: Sacrifice: Many people sacrifice many personal luxuries and safety to pursue a cause or mission. What are you passionate about? To what extent are you willing to give up things to achieve your actual goal? Bonus Corner: 1904: Mystery event This is something I get for being quick. It usually is costly. This date is the first one in history. I needed my car to get one! This event requires a ticket. Take off with history! Welcome to August 28! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1932: Bunol, Spain had eliminated bullfighting and began the Tomato Throwing Festival. Create a slogan

that could be placed on a poster, advertising this event. Word of the day: Self-evident: Martin Luther King quoted a section of the Declaration of Independence that states : We hold these truths to be self-evident That all men are created equal. Put this quote into your own words. American History: 1963: On this day, Martin Luther King gives his I have a dream speech. What five Dreams do you have that would make this world a better place? Click here to hear the speech. Bonus Corner: Winning a major event at age 18 in1994, who am I and what is my talent? I just love clubs! I was the youngest to win in my event. I love things very green! My game requires that I walk a lot. I can go a fair way! Take off with history! Welcome to August 29! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1533: Atahuallpa is killed by Pizarro, ending the 300 year legacy of what Meso-American civilization? American History: 1758: The first Indian reservation is created in New Jersey. What are your feelings concerning Indian reservations? Make a point for both sides of the issue. Word of the day: Civilization: What makes a society a civilization? Brainstorm what characteristics those countries or groups of people possess. Bonus Corner: 1959: Who was I? My life was too short! I could walk backwards (like on the moon!) I sang with my brothers when I was little. My life was a thriller a minute. Take off with history! Welcome to August 30! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1146: European leaders meet to ban cross bows with a hope that all wars will cease. How is this policy similar to todays attempts to control weapons?

Do you think it works? American History: 1884: First match with boxing gloves is won by Jack Dempsey. What about boxing makes it appealing? Word of the day: War: What does this quote imply about the nature of war? When the rich wage war, it's the poor who die. Jean-Paul Sartre Bonus Corner: 1797: Mary Shelley is born. Name her most famous book from the clues below: The books title is a mans name. The man is libel to bolt at any time! He loves to walk with his arms out front! He is often called a monster! Take off with history! Welcome to August 31! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1939: Hitler signs an agreement to attack Poland. He even staged a fake invasion (he has some of his SS men dress as Poles and invade) to sway the German people. How do leaders in America sway public opinion?

American History: 1955: The first solar powered car is demonstrated . Why do you think we still have limited options for solar energy vehicles despite the early technology? Word of the day: Sway: Sway to means to attempt to convince opinion towards a given idea. How do commercials sway opinion? Bonus Corner: 12 B.C.E.: Caligula was born. He served in ancient Rome and the first 6 months, he was a good leader. After that, he quickly became a tyrant. What is a tyrant? What other tyrants have ruled in history?

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