The Creation of ISRAEL Presentation, Graphic Organizers, &

The Creation of ISRAEL Presentation, Graphic Organizers, & Activities STANDARDS: SS7H2 Analyze continuity and change in Southwest Asia (Middle East). b. Explain the historical factors contributing to the establishment of the

modern State of Israel in 1948; include the Jewish religious connection to the land, antisemitism, the development of Zionism in Europe, and the aftermath of the Holocaust. Brain Wrinkles Creation of Israel CLOZE Notes 1 Palestine In July 1922, Great Britain officially took control of ___________________________ (similar to a colony). Under British occupation, waves of Jewish immigrants poured into Palestine

to ___________________________ in Europe. In 1920, there was 1 Jew to ___________________________ Arabs. By 1947, there was 1 Jew for ___________________________ Arabs. The Arabs felt that they were ___________________________ of their land, and tension between Arabs and Jews increased. Zionism One of the influences that led to so many European Jews emigrating to Palestine was a movement called ___________________________ that was emerging in Europe. The goal of Zionism was to ___________________________ in Palestine secured by public law. The Jewish people believed that this was a good time to return to Zion (the

holy land) and tens of thousands of Jews began ___________________________ . Jewish Land The Jewish connection with this land did not begin with Zionism, but actually dates back over ___________________________ . According to Jewish and Christian sacred text, God commanded Abraham to leave his land in Mesopotamia and go to the land that is ___________________________ . The Jews have a ___________________________ to the land and all of their sacred places are located there. Jews believe that if any nation has a ___________________________ , then they should be able to claim this area as their own country. They argue that they did not leave the land voluntarily, but

___________________________ by Roman persecution. Anti-Semitism Europeans had been discriminating against Jews for centuries in a practice called ___________________________ . Many people believed the Jews to be an ___________________________ and held them responsible for the death of Jesus Christ. Jews lived in ___________________________ throughout Christian Europe. . Brain Wrinkles Creation of Israel CLOZE Notes 2

Inferior Race Christian Europeans ___________________________ the Jewish religion or culture, and treated them as an inferior race. Some countries refused to let Jews ___________________________ or businesses. They also put restrictions on how many Jewish people ___________________________ Adolf Hitler Anti-Semitism grew enormously in the 1930s when ___________________________ and the Nazi party came to power in Germany. Hitler ___________________________ for Germanys economic problems after World War I.

One of Hitlers first actions as Germanys chancellor was to ___________________________ of German law for Jews. The Nazis denied ___________________________ , took away their lands and businesses, and removed them from schools. Persecution The Nazis forced their ___________________________ on the citizens of Poland, France, and other parts of Europe that they conquered. Anti-Semitism ___________________________ as Hitler forced other countries to persecute the Jews. To escape rising persecution, Jewish immigrants ___________________________ between 1919 and 1939. Holocaust

The Holocaust was the systematic, ___________________________ of 11 million innocent people (6 million of whom were Jewish). It began in 1933, when Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany, and ___________________________ . During the Holocaust, Hitler targeted men, women, and children that he believed to be inferior to ___________________________ . The Holocaust was part of Hitlers plan to ___________________________ in Europe. Beginning in 1941, every Jewish person was required to ___________________________ of David and forced to live in crowded areas called ghettos. As Germany conquered most of Europe during the war, the

___________________________ the Jewish populations in each country. Many Jews were eventually deported to ___________________________ . Brain Wrinkles Creation of Israel CLOZE Notes 3 Death Camps In the camps, many would die from strenuous labor, disease, or ___________________________ . These death camps were killing facilities with gas chambers that could ___________________________ of people at one time. Jews were also executed by ___________________________ . By the end of WWII, over ___________________________ had been killed by the

Nazis, and 1 in 4 was a child. Evidence When Germany began ___________________________ , they started killing thousands of Jews every day. Hitler wanted to ___________________________ of the mass killing and ordered as many camps as possible to be destroyed. As the Allies moved across Europe in 1945, they came across some of the camps and were ___________________________ . The survivors were nearly skeletons from lack of food, and ___________________________ were everywhere. After Most Jewish communities were destroyed during the war, so

___________________________ in which to return. After the war, nearly ___________________________ went to camps for displaced persons set up by the Allies. People around the world were horrified about this treatment and ___________________________ for Zionism and a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Israel The United Nations felt it was right to create a ___________________________ due to the Jews suffering in the Holocaust. UN members voted to divide Palestine into ___________________________ states. At midnight on ___________________________ , modern-day Israel emerged.

The dream of the Jewish people for their ___________________________ finally became a reality. Brain Wrinkles The Creation of ISRAEL Brain Wrinkles Palestine In July 1922, Great Britain officially took

control of Palestine as a mandate (similar to a colony). Under British occupation, waves of Jewish immigrants poured into Palestine to escape religious persecution in Europe. In 1920, there was 1 Jew to every 10 Arabs. By 1947, there was 1 Jew for every 2 Arabs. Brain Wrinkles

Zionism One of the influences that led to so many European Jews emigrating to Palestine was a movement called Zionism that was emerging in Europe. The goal of Zionism was to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine secured by public law. The Jewish people believed that this was a good time to return to Zion (the holy land) and tens of thousands of Jews

Modern Zionism was started in 1897 by a Hungarian named Theodore Herzl. Brain Wrinkles Jewish Land The Jewish connection with this land did not begin with Zionism, but actually dates back over 4,000 years.

According to Jewish and Christian sacred text, God commanded Abraham to leave his land in Mesopotamia and go to the land that is present-day Israel. The Jews have a religious connection to the land and all of their sacred places are located there. The Western Wall (Remains of an ancient temple destroyed in 70 CE)

Brain Wrinkles Jewish Land Jews believe that if any nation has a right to claim land, then they should be able to claim this area as their own country. They argue that they did not leave the land voluntarily, but were forced out by Roman persecution. Anti-Semitism Europeans had been discriminating

against Jews for centuries in a practice called anti-Semitism. Many people believed the Jews to be an inferior race and held them responsible for the death of Jesus Christ. Jews lived in minority communities throughout Christian Europe. Brain Wrinkles Inferior Race

Christian Europeans did not accept the Jewish religion or culture, and treated them as an inferior race. Some countries refused to let Jews own property or businesses. They also put restrictions on how many Jewish people could attend college. Adolf Hitler Anti-Semitism grew enormously in the 1930s

when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party came to power in Germany. Hitler blamed the Jews for Germanys economic problems after World War I. One of Hitlers first actions as Germanys chancellor was to remove the protection of German law for Jews. The Nazis denied Jews employment, took away their lands and businesses, and removed them from schools. Persecution

The Nazis forced their anti-Semitic beliefs on the citizens of Poland, France, and other parts of Europe that they conquered. Anti-Semitism spread throughout Europe as Hitler forced other countries to persecute the Jews. To escape rising persecution, Jewish immigrants poured into Palestine between 1919 and 1939.

Brain Wrinkles Holocaust The Holocaust was the systematic, statesponsored killing of 11 million innocent people (6 million of whom were Jewish). It began in 1933, when Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany, and lasted until 1945. During the Holocaust, Hitler targeted men, women, and children that he believed to be inferior to pure Germans. The Holocaust was part of Hitlers plan to

exterminate all Jews in Europe. Holocaust Beginning in 1941, every Jewish person was required to wear a yellow Star of David and forced to live in crowded areas called ghettos. As Germany conquered most of Europe during the war, the Nazis rounded up the Jewish populations in each country. Many Jews were eventually deported

Brain Wrinkles Arriving at Auschwitz Brain Wrinkles Death Camps In the camps, many would die from strenuous labor, disease, or starvation. These death camps were killing facilities with gas chambers that

could kill thousands of people at one time. Jews were also executed by firing squad. Teenagers at Auschwitz Brain Wrinkles Gas Chamber Brain Wrinkles Evidence

When Germany began losing WWII, they started killing thousands of Jews every day. Hitler wanted to hide the evidence of the mass killing and ordered as many camps as possible to be destroyed. As the Allies moved across Europe in 1945, they came across some of the camps and were horrified by what they saw. The survivors were nearly skeletons

Brain Wrinkles After Most Jewish communities were destroyed during the war, so Jews had no homes in which to return. After the war, nearly 250,000 survivors went to camps for displaced persons set up by the Allies. People around the world were horrified about this treatment and showed support

for Zionism and a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Israel The United Nations felt it was right to create a Jewish state in Palestine due to the Jews suffering in the Holocaust. UN members voted to divide Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. At midnight on May 14, 1948, modern-day Israel emerged.

The dream of the Jewish people for their own nation finally became a reality. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles TEACHER INFO: Birth Announcement Print off the Birth Announcement handout for each student. Have the students create a birth announcement card for Israel. *You may have to show them an example of an

actual birth announcement. In the first box, the students will write a description about how and why Israel was formed. In the second box, they will draw an illustration to represent the event. In the third box, they will write a commentary about how people in the region feel about the formation of the new country (there should be more than one perspective). Brain Wrinkles Israels Birth Announcement Directions: Create a card to announce the birth of Israel. 1. Write a description about how and why Israel was

formed. 2. Draw an illustration to represent the event. 3. Write a commentary about how people in the region feel about the formation of the new country (there should be more than one perspective). Its a____________! Date of Birth: 1. Brain Wrinkles 2. 3.

TEACHER INFO: History Storyboard Print off the History Storyboard printable for each student. The students will create a sequence of events that outlines the history and creation of Israel. They will write a caption and draw an illustration to portray each event. Brain Wrinkles

Israel A History Storyboard Directions: Create a storyboard that outlines the history and creation of Israel. Write a caption and draw an illustration to portray each event. 1. _______________________________ 2. _______________________________ 3. _______________________________ 4. _______________________________

5. _______________________________ 6. _______________________________ Brain Wrinkles TEACHER INFO: Comprehension Check Print off the Comprehension Check for each student. After the lesson, have the students answer the questions.

*This could also be used as a quiz. Brain Wrinkles Creation of Israel Comprehension Check 1. When Great Britain took control of Palestine after WWI, who began to immigrate there? 2. How did the Arabs living in Palestine feel about this? 3. What movement began emerging in Europe in the late 1800s? 4. What was the goal of Zionism? 5. Out of all of the countries in the world, why did Jews want to

settle in Palestine? 6. What is anti-Semitism? 7. Anti-Semitism spread rapidly when which political party came to power in Germany? 8. What was the Holocaust? 9. When was Israel created? 10. How do you think Palestinian Arabs feel about the creation of Israel? Brain Wrinkles

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