Acute Stroke Update 2019-2020 Stony Brook Medicine Stroke

Acute Stroke Update 2019-2020 Stony Brook Medicine Stroke Program Comprehensive Stroke Center Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Module Learning Objectives:

Familiarize with the Stony Brook Stroke Program Recognize acute stroke as a medical emergency Familiarize with the change in the CODE BAT (Brain Attack Team) criteria for the Emergency Department and Inpatient units Familiarize with the new CODE CSI (Complex Stroke Intervention) for the Emergency Department Understand responsibilities of the primary team for an inpatient CODE BAT Verbalize location of Stroke Programs guidelines, protocols and references Familiarize with stroke core measures and quality measures per Joint Commission and New York State Department of Health Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Stroke Facts

87% are ischemic caused by blood clot/plaque or narrowing in a vessel 13% are hemorrhagic caused by hypertension and ruptured aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation Worldwide 1 in every 4 people will have a stroke In the US someone will have a stroke every 40 seconds In the US 142,000 lives lost a year to stroke and stroke complications The number of hospitalizations for stroke in adults 25-44 years of age has increased 43% in recent years #1 cause of disability in the US #5 cause of death in the US American Stroke Association

Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Treatments for Ischemic Stroke Time is Brain! IV tPA within 3 hours of last known well time, in some cases up to 4.5 hours Endovascular thrombectomy within 24 hours of last known well time 1.9 million brain cells die with each minute of a stroke, any decrease time to

treatment results in substantial decrease in disability and death Guidelines for the Early Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke (AHA/ASA 2019) Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Thrombectomy is quick and effective Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 ACUTE STROKE IS A TRUE EMERGENCY If you think it, CALL IT, do not wait! CT Initiation Time <25 minutes tPA administration <45 minutes Thrombectomy < 60 minutes* *There are different time targets for ED patients and inter-facility transfer patients

Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Acute Stroke Response Changes Addition of the Mobile Stroke Unit (MSU) program (April 2019) - Ambulances designated for acute stroke in the community Addition of a new stroke activation CODE CSI for the ED (December 2019) Patient criteria changes for CODE BAT for the ED and Inpatient Units (December 2019) Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Mobile Stroke Unit (MSU) Emergency Department on Wheels Dispatched by Suffolk County EMS/911 Assessment on scene

Imaging on scene immediately sent to PACS CT Head to see bleeding/stroke CTA Head to see vessel occlusion Treatment provided enroute

CC ED RN, Paramedic, Neurologist-telemedicine tPA clot buster for vessel occlusion Kcentra for bleeding due to anticoagulant Critical Care medicines and equipment for blood pressure and airway emergencies Disposition to the appropriate hospital coordinated by Stony Brook EMS * Stony Brook for complex stroke such as: Bleeding stroke

Large Vessel Occlusion requiring Thrombectomy Nearest Primary Stroke Center for non-interventional stroke care * Some complex stroke patients are brought to another comprehensive center if it is closer and appropriate Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Veterans Affairs Medical Center St. Francis Hospital North Shore University Hospital St. Catherine of Siena Medical Center Glen Cove Hospital

Stony Brook University Medical Center Winthrop-University Hospital St. Charles Hospital Peconic Bay Medical Center Nassau University Medical Center Syosset Hospital Eastern Long Island Hospital J. T. Mather Memorial Hospital

5/20/2019 MSU #3 MSU #2 4/8/2019 2020? Southampton Hospital MSU #1 Brookhaven Memorial Hospital Huntington Hospital Southside Hospital Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center

Long Beach Medical Center Plainview Hospital St. Joseph Hospital Mercy Medical Center South Nassau Communities Hospital Franklin Hospital Medical Center MSU 1 LIE Exit 57 MSU 2 LIE Exit 68 Future MSU 3 Riverhead Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 STROKE CODE UPDATE

CODE BAT remains the single mechanism by which an inpatient is assessed rapidly for acute stroke within 24 hours of last known well time CODE BAT remains the single mechanism by which a pediatric patient is rapidly assessed for acute stroke within 24 hours of last known well time CODE CSI is introduced which primarily affects Emergency, Neurology and Neurosurgery Departments (NOT INPATIENTS) Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020

CODE CSI= Complex Stroke Intervention How is a CODE CSI different than a CODE BAT? It can only be called by an authorized person in Emergency Medical Services or in the Emergency Department. It is NOT for inpatients. Once an ED or transfer patient is identified as a patient having severe stroke symptoms using the LAMS+Speech criteria, a CODE CSI will activate Neurosurgery and the Cerebrovascular Center Staff in addition to Neurology as these patients will benefit from the most aggressive treatments available, both medical and procedural. * Refer to Los Angeles Motor Score (LAMS) + Speech Score Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Inpatient Stroke Pathway CODE BAT is called for a patient suspected of having a stroke within 24 hours of last known well time regardless of severity Stroke Team arrives at bedside to assess patient Staff are expected to act quickly, communicate clearly and coordinate care together to expedite emergent stroke treatment for the best

outcome possible Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020 Responsibilities of Primary Team Provider and RN Stay at bedside to give SBAR to the Stroke Team including: Pertinent history/hospital course (smoker, HTN, HLD, CAD, DM, vascular disease, arrhythmia, valve disease, infection, immune disease, prior stroke or TIA) last known well time the time the patient was last normal or at baseline patients symptoms speech/vision disturbance, motor weakness, etc time of symptoms discovery the time the symptoms were discovered (unless it is a witnessed event, this will be different than the last known well time) if patient is on anticoagulation pertinent lab results-coagulation studies, CBC, pregnancy status Acute Stroke Care Update 2019-2020

Responsibilities of Primary Team Provider and RN Obtain a finger stick blood sugar level Obtain IV access, 2 IVs preferable but DO NOT DELAY IMAGING FOR IV ACCESS. There are IV supplies in CT. Place orders (make a favorites folder for stroke with these orders) CODE BAT CT Head w/o Contrast STAT CODE BAT CT Angio Head/ Neck with IV CON with Perfusion

Notify CT that you are on the way with the CODE BAT patient (Main CT 4-3715, ED CT 4-9002) Transport the patient to CT with a monitor and oxygen JOINT COMMISSION/NEW YORK STATE: PRIMARY STROKE CORE MEASURES STK-1 VTE prophylaxis on the day of or the day after hospital admission. STK-2 Antithrombotic therapy at hospital discharge. STK-3 Anticoagulation for Atrial fibrillation/flutter at hospital discharge. STK-4 IV t-PA initiated at this hospital within 3 hours of time last known well. STK-5 Antithrombotic therapy by the end of hospital day 2. STK-6 Statin medication at hospital discharge. STK-8 Patient and/or caregiver stroke education: activation of emergency medical system, need for follow-up after discharge, medications prescribed at discharge, personal risk factors for stroke, and warning signs and symptoms of stroke.

STK-10 Rehabilitation services assessment LIPs must be mindful of the specific time period of the core measures for compliance. Reason(s) must be documented in the medical record why elements of the core measures were not implemented for the patient. JOINT COMMISSION/NEW YORK STATE: COMPREHENSIVE STROKE CORE MEASURES CSTK 01 NIH Stroke Scale score performed for Ischemic Stroke patients CSTK 02 - Modified Rankin Score at 90 Days CSTK 03a - Severity Measurement Performed : Hunt and Hess Scale performed for SAH CSTK 03b Severity Measurement Performed: ICH Score performed for ICH patients CSTK 04 - Procoagulant Reversal Agent Initiation for ICH patients

CSTK 05a - Hemorrhagic Transformation for IV t-PA patients CSTK 05b - Hemorrhagic Transformation for IA t-PA and/or Mechanical Endovascular Reperfusion Therapy patients CSTK 06 - Nimodipine Treatment Administered CSTK 07 - Median Time to Revascularization CSTK 08 - Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) post-treatment reperfusion grade CSTK 09 - Arrival Time to Skin Puncture CSTK 10 - Modified Rankin Score at 90 Days: Favorable Outcome CSTK 11 - Timeliness of Reperfusion: Arrival Time to TICI 2B or Higher CSTK 12 - Timeliness of Reperfusion: Skin Puncture to TICI 2B or Higher QUALITY MEASURES AHA/ASA Quality Measures - Dysphagia Screen before being given any food, fluids, or medication by mouth RN or LIP completes bedside swallow evaluation using the Yale Swallow Protocol If indicated, formal swallow evaluation by Speech Therapist For patients who failed swallow evaluation: Order Aspirin per rectum or place NGT for patients

who need Plavix, Brilinta or oral anticoagulant. - Documented Lipid profile - Intensive Statin Therapy Use especially for patients with evidence of atherosclerosis (Lipitor 40mg, Crestor 20mg) Additional New York State requirements - Documentation of NIH Stroke Scale on discharge - Annual 8 hours of cerebrovascular-related continuing education for Physicians, NP, PAs and RNs taking care of stroke patients STROKE PROGRAM Compliance to the Core Measure and Quality Measures are reported to the Joint Commission and New York State - Transient Ischemic Attack (including ED Observation status) Ischemic Stroke non-traumatic Intracerebral Hemorrhage

non-traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Compliance to the recommended Target Response Times are reported for patients who arrive to the ED with last known well time within 6 hours STROKE PROGRAM Stroke Quality/Oversight Meetings: - Cerebrovascular Conference every 1st and 2nd Wednesday of the month, casebased discussion. Offers 1.0 CME credit. Stroke QA/Peer Review every 3rd Wednesday of the month, stroke case reviews and discussion. Offers 1.0 CME credit. Code BAT meeting every second Tuesday of the month at 3PM. Attended by EMS, ED, Stroke/Neurology, CVC/Neurosurgery, Radiology, Pharmacy, Neuroscience Administration. STROKE PROGRAM

Fore more information on protocols and clinical practice guidelines check out the Stroke website located on the right hand side of the intranet homepage ThePulse Under Quick Links THANK YOU ! For questions, contact: Anne Froehlich, Stroke Program Coordinator: [email protected] Marret Anderson, Stroke Program Navigator: [email protected] Colleen Calandra, Neurosurgery PA: [email protected] Antonieta Rosenberg, Stroke Service NP: [email protected]

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