UNESCO International Hydrological Program UNESCOs Intergovernmental Scientific Cooperative

UNESCO International Hydrological Program UNESCOs Intergovernmental Scientific Cooperative Program in Hydrology and Water Resources IHP-VIII is focusing on 6 thematic areas to optimize water management and security 1 Waterrelated disasters -water extremes Improve scientific basis to develop adaptation strategies and risk management tools to cope with water related disasters in a changing environment. Strengthening capacity for droughts and floods monitoring and forecasting Mainstreaming Gender and Climate Change in the Water Resources

Management Addressing Water Security: Climate Impacts and Adaptation Strategic Strengthening of Flood Warning and Management Capacity IFI - Launched in 2005 by IHP, WMO, UN/ISDR, UNU and IAHR; - Based at the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (ICHARM) hosted by the Public Works Research Institute in Tsukuba, Japan; - Aims at building capacity in countries to better understand and respond to floods, minimizing their social, economic and environmental risks while taking advantage

of their benefits; - Focus on research, information networking, education and training to empower communities and provide technical assistance. IDI - Launched in 2010 at the 19th Session of the Intergovernmental Council (Iran proposal); - Hosted at the Regional Centre on Urban Water Management (RCUWM) in Teheran; - Provides a platform of global networking and knowledge sharing between international entities actively working on

droughts (as UNESCO Category II centers and water chairs, WMO, WWC, FAO, UNDP, ISDR and GWP); - Surveys drought management, collects information, helps affected countries, develops capacity building, strengthens public participation and promotes regional and international cooperation on drought Exhibition Mountains: Early Warning Systems for Climate Change Among the raising awerness activities a new exhibition showcasing satelite images aerial and ground pictures was presented during COP21 in Paris last November. 2

Groun dwater Provide a scientific platform and tools to enhance Member States' capacity to meet the challenges of sustainable groundwater resources management in a changing environment. Enhancing groundwater water governance in a context of climate change Assessement of Transboundary Aquifers , Transboundary waters cooperation and Hydrodiplomacy 3 Water scarcit y&

qualit y Strengthen capacity to address water quality and scarcity Emerging Pollutants in Wastewater Reuse in Developing Countries. 4 Water Promoting Sustainable Water Management in Human Settlements of the Future Securing Sustainable Urban Water Management Pathways for

Water, Climate and Megacities human Participation in COPs settleme nts 5 Enhance capacity to improve ecohydrology techniques for sustainable water management Ecohydr ology

Ecological and Eco-hydrological Solutions for Sustainable Management 6 Wate r Educ ation Enhancing water education, the key for water security. Enhanced capacity building and governance for the sustainable management of Water resurces AFRICA -NEPAD Centres of Excellence Capacity building . UNESCO-IHP / through it UNESCO's Water Family has conducted a wide range of courses and workshops at all

levels for water experts, technicians and teachers but also young civil servants in several regions. Overall, efforts should continue to be made to improve and update water education at all levels. During 2014-2016, UNESCO-IHP and it water family, was able to train through this theme 3509 individuals (50% males and 50% females). THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IHP contribution to SDGs Goal6 Monitoring and Implementation

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes a dedicated goal on water and sanitation (SDG 6) and several other goals that are water related. The UN-Water established in 2014 an Inter-Agency Initiative Integrated Monitoring of Water and Sanitation Related SDG Targets (GEMI) to respond to the monitoring needs of SDG 6. IIHP is playing an active role in the development of

methodologies for the implementation and monitoring of SDG 6 under the umbrella of UNWater SDG N.6 AND THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Methodologies that have been developed should be tested before to be used by all countries and then consider the establishment of a global baseline. Six countries have already offered to act as pilots to test the POC: Bangladesh, Jordan, Netherlands, Peru, Senegal, and Uganda. UNESCO has been charged to organize the workshops of the test of the SDG 6 targets and indicators methodologies in Jordan in May 2016 (together with UN-Habitat) and in the Netherlands 7-9 September 2016. The EU presidency of Slovakia coincide with the SDG N6 test period. Therefore, during its EU presidency Slovakia institutions could play a crucial role in testing this methodology for the monitoring of the SDG.N.6 and serves as example for the other EU countries. UNESCO IHP is ready to provide technical and financial support. The first workshop could be organized in

Slovakia the second part of September 2016. WATER AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS OF THE FUTURE Background: The UNESCO IHP programme on Water and Cities aims at supporting cities and rural settlements facing climate change, population growth, deterioration of urban infrastructure systems and other global challenges in understanding the issues and in adopting an approach based on the interdependence of the different water systems. Action proposed: -Setting up in Slovakia of a UNESCO chairs on Water and Cities devoted to a multidisciplinary approach related to the citizen science concept, nevertheless based on sound scientific bases. - Participation in the UNESCO IHP Water and Cities platform. - Cooperation with Mass media and preparation of clips and video to disseminate via twitter

and YouTube. UNESCO has produced a short film 'Water in Cities', that aims to illustrate present and future challenges in urban water management, highlighting water problems facing cities around the world. - UNESCO WWAP is currently working on the critical role of water in the circular economy very much in line with Europes ambition for the future. UNESCO and Slovakia could be supporting the EU in moving this agenda forward, e.g., info session, policy advice etc. WATER AND GENDER. Background: To address the considerable data gap on gender and water issues at the global level, in 2014 WWAP launched a ground-breaking project to develop and test sex-disaggregated indicators for the collection of global water data. The project has developed a methodology for sex-disaggregated data collection using multi-sectoral gender-sensitive water indicators, with the aim of advocating for the

implementation of gender-sensitive water monitoring in the post-2015 agenda and, in particular, in the monitoring framework of the SDGs. Action proposed: The role of Slovakia to develop awareness in the EU countries would be crucial. The Toolkit is currently ready for pilot testing in the field. The collection of sex-disaggregated data in selected pilot areas can be implemented in different world regions in cooperation with national authorities, research institutes, and international organizations. Specific methodologies for collecting and assessing such data, a guideline manual for in the field data gathering with specific insights for different world regions and a questionnaire for practitioners on sex-disaggregated data collection are available. Technical staff of national institutions, local practitioners and researchers will collect sex-disaggregated data by use of the questionnaire. BUILDING WATER COOPERATION IN AFRICA Background: Transboundary water cooperation is a crucial issue in the African continent where several international rivers and 42 transboundary aquifers containing precious groundwater resources are shared by many

African countries. The role of NGOs in supporting the establishment of local capacity on good practices on Water Cooperation is crucial. UNESCO IHP is supporting the launch of the Water resources eastern Africa regional category two UNESCO centre established in Nairobi. Moreover a water cooperation and peace programme supported by the UNESCO IHE is developed through a multidisciplinary approach, and provides participants with a theoretical and historical understanding of conflict and peace dynamics and frame issues of water security and cooperation in the broader context of environmental issues, in depth knowledge of and skills in critical analysis of water conflicts, an understanding of sociohydrological dynamics, decision making processes on water resources and services management, water diplomacy, water dispute prevention, management and resolution skills and tools to promote/achieve water security and to ensure dialogue and cooperation between different and competing users at different scales. Action proposed: Slovakia institutions and NGOS could support the activities of the UNESCO centre in Nairobi. Activities related to training on conflicts prevention, water cooperation, floods and drought management could be jointly organized by UNESCO IHP with Slovakian public and private institutions and NGOs in coordination with the government of Kenya. UNESCO is preparing a project on the Kilimanjaro aquifer shared by Kenya and Tanzania and involvement of the Slovak cooperation could be really useful. WATER EDUCATION

FREEWAT (FREE and open source tools for WATer resource management) is an HORIZON 2020 project financed by the EU Commission. FREEWAT aims at promoting water resource management by simplifying the application of the Water Framework Directive and other EU water related Directives. Specific objectives of the FREEWAT project are:

to coordinate previous EU and national funded research to integrate existing software modules for water management in a single environment into the GIS based FREEWAT; to support the FREEWAT application in an innovative participatory approach gathering technical staff and relevant stakeholders (primarily policy and decision makers) in designing scenarios for the proper application of water policies. UNESCO IHP is a part of a consortium of 18 other partners implementing the FREEWAT project.

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