Psychology 201 Library Research May 16, 2019 Yolanda

Psychology 201 Library Research May 16, 2019 Yolanda Koscielski, Liaison Librarian for Psychology, Criminology, and Philosophy Where to Start? 2.5 million+ books & ebooks 98,000+ subscriptions to journals, magazines & newspapers 500+ research databases PsycINFO PsycTESTS

Three campus libraries May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Where to start? Search from very broadly to more specifically 1. Broadest: Library Search 2. More broad: Library Catalogue 3.

Less broad: Specific databases such as PsycINFO May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Google (vs. subject-specific databases) - Pros 1. 2. 3. 4. Casts a wider net Reveals the most popular articles

High volume of articles retrieved (millions of records searched) Googles algorithm compensates for search weaknesses (rare to get no results) 5. Full-text indexing is now part of Google Scholar (working with publishers) 6. Known-item searching 7. Long-tail searching (when search terms are low-occurring) 8. Times cited tool (context-specific) 9. Books out-of-copyright full-text access, locating a quote 10. US case law, grey literature, academic websites, Institutional Repositories May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Google (vs. subject-specific databases) - Cons

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Casts a wider net Low level of subject + author collocation

Not mapped to a specific discipline (Challenging to run searches that combine common words (e.g. Art + Time) Less search sophistication & manipulation (e.g. search limiters specific to Psychology, such as population groups) Pseudo-boolean operators Missing deep data (e.g., statistics) Not usually free (search via library) Mysterious algorithms (Coverage? Publishers? Opposite of transparent sources such as PsycINFO). New articles might not be pushed up (popularity over currency) Indexes articles from predatory publishers, perhaps harder to identify if working outside of your field

May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research PsycINFO A disciplinaryspecific database. Another example: Criminal Justice Abstracts Main database for Psychology Mapped to a disciplinary perspective High-quality, detailed metadata allows for effective use of limiter and subject collocation related to your topic

Access to specialized material (e.g., tests, dissertations, data) Virtually all articles in PsycINFO are peer-reviewed (exceptions: book reviews, articles published before that concept introduced, etc.) May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research PsycTESTS

Indexes 18,000+ Psychology tests, measures, assessments Mostly unpublished, non-commercial tests Scoring key usually not included (65 tests only with key) Descriptive test information construct being measured, purpose, test description, etc. Helpful for seeing how Psychologists have developed their experiments and brainstorming ideas for designing your own experiment May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research

Search Strategies May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Search Terms Assess the impact of the media on the body image of young women. Identify key concepts Brainstorm synonyms and related words for each concept Take a minute and fill out part one of the activity sheet. May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research

Search Terms Assess the impact of the media on the body image of young women. Identify key concepts Brainstorm synonyms and related words for each concept Can often leave out relationship words like impact, effect of, etc. May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Search Terms Media: television, magazines, movies, films, celebrities, music, fashion,

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram Body Image: self esteem, self concept, body conscious, identity Young Women: teenage, teenager, teen, youth, adolescent, adolescence, women, woman, female Tip: consider narrowing of your focus (i.e. Media is a big topic, Facebook might be a more manageable topic) Tip: keep in mind your inclusion/exclusion research criteria and the rationale for it May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Boolean Operators Connect concepts

(magazine AND body image) Search for related terms (teen OR youth OR adolescent) Exclude irrelevant terms (woman NOT man) AND / OR Magazines AND body image Magazines

Body image Magazines OR body image Topic Scope Do you have a subject area, topic, or thesis? Subject is very broad: freedom of information, Charter of Rights and mental illness Topic adds a second concept, explores a relationship or question between the two concepts: testosterone levels in sex offenders, effect of art therapy on recidivism Thesis: you are making an assertion and providing supportive evidence: Art

therapy decreases recidivism in young offenders If you are getting too few or too many results, it may be helpful to think about what level you are searching for and adjust. May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Subject Headings Not necessary, but an added tool that might be useful DEMO Subject headings: a systematic, hierarchical, and finite language used for describing subjects/concepts. Articles and books will usually have 3-8 subject headings assigned to their

citation or bibliographic record. This is human indexing. Keyword searching based on computer indexing SH particularly useful for increasing relevancy with high volume searches and disambiguation May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Subject Headings Not necessary, but an added tool that might be useful Not as useful for newer concepts, e.g. internet shaming Subject headings/descriptors are a standard field in most databases Subject Headings are unique to each database (PsycINFO subject headings for

PsycINFO only) Sometimes keywords = subject headings May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Practice! "Social Media" OR Facebook OR Internet AND body image OR AND Adolescents OR young women

May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research APA Resources APA Style Blog SFU Guide to APA OWL Purdue APA Guide AskAway (particularly helpful for citation questions) May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research Library Research Help

Contact us: Phone: 778.782.4345 Email us at: [email protected] AskAway (online chat) Research help desk (drop-in & by appointment) Liaison Librarian for Psychology: [email protected] May 16th, 2019 Psyc 201 Library Research

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