ATCIs Round Table Forum Introduction to ASEANs Mutual

ATCIs Round Table Forum Introduction to ASEANs Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) Framework: Current Status and the Prospect for Free Flow of IT Human Resources in AEC Dr. Rachda Chiasakul 22 January 2016 1 Agenda Progress towards the AEC Free Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN Progress of MRA for ICT Skills Next step: AEC Blueprint 2025 From AIM 2015 to AIM 2020 whats in it for IT Human Resources 2 AEC Milestones

Source: A Blueprint for Growth, ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Progress and Key Achievements, ASEAN Secretariat (November 2015) 3 The Four Pillars of AEC Source: A Blueprint for Growth, ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Progress and Key Achievements, ASEAN Secretariat (November 2015) 4 AEC Scorecard: Monitoring and Reviewing Progress Source: A Blueprint for Growth, ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Progress and Key Achievements, ASEAN Secretariat (November 2015) Four phases of AEC Scorecard: 2008-2009, 2010-2011, 2012-2013 and 2014-2015 To date, the full Scorecard comprises a total of 611 ASEAN-wide measures -> 506 are considered as Prioritised Key Deliverables (PKDs) of which 54 measures referred as High Priority Measures

(HPMs) Considering the focused base of 506 AEC scorecard measures, which 5 Measures under Free Flow of Skilled Labour (AEC Scorecard) 83 84 85 86 87 88 Free Flow of Skilled Labour ASEAN Qualification Reference Framework Entry into force of ASEAN Agreement on MNP Signing of ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Accountancy Services Handbook on Core Competencies and Domestic Regulations in the Engineering, Architecture, Accounting and Surveying Services Final Report on Implementation Plans/Action Plans to

Enhance Mobility of ASEAN Professionals on Accountancy and Surveying Review of the implementation of the ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangements 6 Measures under ICT Cooperation (AEC ICT Cooperation Scorecard) 160 Workshop on promoting green ICT and green growth for sustainable development in ASEAN member country 161 3rd ASEAN CIO Forum 162 3rd ASEAN ICT Award 163 Recommend the guidelines of Over The Top (OTT) management policy for ASEAN Member Countries 164 ASEAN ICT Skills Upgrading and Development 165 Report on current status and forecast ICT human resource demand in ASEAN to 2020 166 Study on Cloud Computing in ASEAN for ICT Framework and Policy Recommendations Initiative 167 Collaboration with other Ministries to Measure ICT Adoption in ASEAN 168 Collaboration with other Ministries to Promote and Accelerate Adoption of ICT in Rural Communities

169 Bringing Smart Devices to Underserved Communities across ASEAN 170 Free Open Source Software Adoption in Secondary Schools 171 Study and propose the partnership model for telecenters in order to sustainably develop the broadband service in low-income, rural areas in ASEAN member states (AMSs) 172 ASEAN Cyberkids Camp 2014 173 ASEAN Cybersecurity Week 174 Public Private Partnership on Data Center Security 175 Collaboration with the International Conference on Teaching and Learning with Technology (iCTLT) 2014 Phase ASEAN Internet Exchange Network III 176 ASEAN ICT skill standard definition & certification - phase 2 7 Key Achievements (1) Towards a Single Goods Market Removing Barriers to Trade

Tariff Elimination Simplified Rules of Origin ASEAN SelfCertification ASEAN Single Window (ASW) ASEAN Trade Repository (ATR) Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) Harmonization of Standards, Technical Requirements Development of Guidelines Skills Mobility ASEAN Framework

Agreement on Services (AFAS) 8 MRAs (engineering, nursing, architectural, surveying qualifications, medical practitioners, dental practitioners, accounting services, and tourism professionals) Investment Destination ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement

(ACIA) Consumer Protection Laws Competition Laws Building Intellectual Property Rights 8 Key Achievements (2) 9 Agenda Progress towards the AEC Free Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN Progress of MRA for ICT Skills Next step: AEC Blueprint 2025 From AIM 2015 to AIM 2020 whats in it for IT Human Resources

10 Free Flow vs Freer Flow of Skilled Labour 11 Developments on Freer Flow of Skilled Labour 12 AFAS Free Flow of Services: 4 Modes of Supply Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode

4 Cross-border Supply Consumption Abroad Commercial Presence Presence of Natural Person Services supplied from the territory of one member into the territory of any other

member Services supplied in the territory of one member to the consumer of any other member Services supplied by a service supplier of one member, through commercial presence, in the territory of any other member

Services supplied by a service supplier of one member, through the presence of natural persons of a member in the territory of any other member 13 Progress of AFAS Round 1 (1996 1998) 2 (1999 2001) 3 (2002 2004) Packag

e 1 2 3 5 (2007 2008) 6 (2009 2010) 4 5 6 7 8 7 (2010 - 2012) 9 4 (2005 2006) Venue and Date of Signing Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 15 December 1997

Ha Noi, Vietnam, 16 December 1998 31 December 2001 (Ad-Referendum) Jakarta, Indonesia, 3 September 2004 Cebu, Philippines, 8 December 2006 Singapore, 19 November 2007 Cha-am, Thailand, 26 February 2009 Ha Noi, Vietnam, 28 October 2010 Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 19 November 2012 (Not in force)* *This Agreement shall enter into force after all Member States have notified or, where necessary, deposited instruments of ratification with the SecretaryGeneral of ASEAN, which shall not take more than 180 days after the signing of this Agreement. 14 ASEAN Agreement on the Movement of Natural Persons (MNP)

ASEAN started negotiations on its own MNP Agreement in 2010 and the Agreement was signed in November 2012. In short, it is a comprehensive Mode 4 services agreement. Crucially, it does not allow migrant workers and is quite different from the European Schengen scheme. Thailands The MNP Agreement specifies four typescommitment of movement of natural persons: a) business visitors b) intra-corporate transferees c) contractual service suppliers d) other categories specified in the commitment schedules The MNP Agreement applies a positive list approach (similar to AFAS and AANZFTA). Note that the AFAS Ninth Package (and other following packages) will not cover Mode 4 since such commitments will have been superseded by the MNP commitments. ASEAN Trade in Services Agreement (ATISA) is a new agreement meant to

replace AFAS and may merge AFAS and the MNP Agreement into one 15 comprehensive services agreement. Thailands Schedule of MNP (Horizontal Commitments) 16 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Horizontal Commitments) 17 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 18 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 19

Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 20 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 21 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 22 Thailands Schedule of MNP (Specific Commitments) 23 Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA)

At the 7th Summit (Bandar Seri Begawan, 5 November 2001), ASEAN Leaders mandated the start of negotiations on Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) to facilitate the flow of professional services under AFAS An MRA enables professional service providers registered/certified ASEAN MRAs on equally Eight Professions in its signatory countries to be recognised in other ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Engineering signatory countries Services, Kuala Lumpur, 9 December 2005 MRA does notMutual warrant

unrestricted free on flow of foreign ASEAN Recognition Arrangement Nursing Services, Cebu, Philippines, December 2006 professionals, relevant8 domestic regulations and market demand ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Architectural still applies. Services, Singapore, 19 November 2007

Services, Singapore, 19 November 2007 ASEAN Framework Arrangement for the Mutual Recognition of Surveying Qualifications, Singapore, 19 November 2007 ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement Framework on Accountancy Services, Cha-am, Thailand, 26 February 2009 ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Medical Practitioners, Cha-am, Thailand, 26 February 2009 ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Dental Practitioners, Cha-am, Thailand, 26 February 2009 24 Agenda Progress towards the AEC Free Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN Progress of MRA for ICT Skills Next step: AEC Blueprint 2025 From AIM 2015 to AIM 2020 whats in it for IT Human Resources 25 Progress of MRA on ICT Skills

Although ICT is not one of the eight skills identified in the MRA, ASEAN has attempted to enable the freer flow of ICT skilled labor. ASEAN Telecommunications and IT Senior Officials Meeting (TELSOM) has initiated projects that aim to develop standard definitions of seven ICT skills and to enable the comparison of different standards across ASEAN countries. The seven ICT skills are: Software development; ICT project management; Enterprise architect design; Network and system administration; Information system and network security; Cloud computing

Source: ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition and Certification (2013) and ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition Certification - Phase II (2015) and Mobile computing 26 Example of Mapping Table of Competency Level across ASEAN Source: ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition and Certification (2013) and ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition and Certification - Phase II (2015) 27 Agenda Progress towards the AEC Free Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN Progress of MRA for ICT Skills Next step: AEC Blueprint 2025

From AIM 2015 to AIM 2020 whats in it for IT Human Resources 28 The AEC 2025s Vision 1) Create a deeply integrated and highly cohesive ASEAN economy that would support sustained high economic growth and resilience even in the face of global economic shocks and volatilities; 2) Engender a more equitable and inclusive economic growth in ASEAN that narrows the development gap, eliminates if not reduces poverty significantly, sustains high growth rates of per capita income, and maintains a rising middle class; 3) Foster robust productivity growth through innovation, technology and human resource development, and intensified regional research and development that is designed for commercial application to increase ASEANs competitive edge in moving the region up the global value chains (GVCs) into higher technology and knowledge-intensive manufacturing and services industries; 4) Promote the principles of good governance, transparency, and responsive regulatory regimes through active engagement with the private sector, community-based organisations, and other stakeholders of ASEAN; 5) Widen ASEAN people-to-people, institutional, and infrastructure

connectivity through ASEAN and sub-regional cooperation projects that facilitate movement of capital as well as skilled labour and talents; 6) Create a more dynamic and resilient ASEAN, capable of responding and adjusting to emerging challenges through robust national and regional mechanisms that address food and energy security issues, natural disasters, economic shocks, and other emerging trade-related issues as 29 Trade in Services in AEC 2025 30 Facilitating Movement of Skilled Labour and Business Visitors in AEC 2025 31 ICT in AEC 2025 32 E-Commerce in AEC 2025

33 Agenda Progress towards the AEC Free Flow of Skilled Labour within ASEAN Progress of MRA for ICT Skills Next step: AEC Blueprint 2025 From AIM 2015 to AIM 2020 whats in it for IT Human Resources 34 Click The AIM to edit 2015 Master title style Initiative 2.3 : Ensure affordable and seamless e-services, content and applications Survey and study to identify gaps and determine

e-services to be developed Provide incentives or grants to promote e-services and content to be developed Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Initiative 2.4 : Build trust Promote secure transactions within ASEAN Outreach campaign to promote awareness of cyber-security ST3: Innovation ST1: Economic Transformation

Initiative 1.1 : Create a conductive environment where businesses can grow leveraging ICT Facilitate sharing and exchanging of business information amongst ASEAN countries Develop a framework to facilitate transparent and harmonized ICT regulations Initiative 1.2 : Develop Public-Private Partnership (PPP) initiatives for the ICT industry Share various PPP models and practices amongst ASEAN countries to formulate PPP models for the implementation of ICT projects ST2: People Empowerment and Engagement Initiative 2.1 : Ensure affordable broadband access to every community Study to lower intra-ASEAN roaming charges Initiative 2.2 : Ensure affordable ICT

products Enhance Implementation of mutual recognition arrangements (MRAs) Initiative 3.1 : Create Innovation Centres of Excellence (COE) for research and development (R&D) of ICT services Establish networks of COEs Develop ASEAN digital content exchange Promote Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) at ASEAN level to safeguard innovation Initiative 3.2 : Promote innovation and collaboration amongst government, businesses, citizen and other institutions Recognize and reward ICT innovators Launch the ASEAN CIO forum Initiative 3.3 : Nurture innovation and creativity at schools Recognize and reward ICT innovators ST4: Infrastructure Development Initiative 4.1 Improve broadband connectivity Establish an ASEAN broadband corridor Establish an ASEAN internet exchange network

Initiative 4.2 Promote network integrity and information security, data protection and CERT cooperation Develop common framework for network security Develop common framework for information security ST5: Human Capital Development Initiative 5.1 : Build capacity Develop a registry of experts and innovators Create ASEAN ICT scholarship programme Initiative 5.2 : Develop skills upgrading and certification Establish MRA for skills certification Develop ICT certification and skills upgrading programme ST6: ridging the Digital Divide Initiative 6.1 : Review of Universal

Services Obligation (USO) or similar policies Review of USO or similar policies Initiative 6.2 : Connect schools and advocate early ICT education Prioritise roll-out to schools Collaborate between ICT and education sectors within ASEAN Promote ASEAN integration through exposure to different cultures within ASEAN at an early age Initiative 6.3 : Improve access and relevance of information Collaborate with relevant ministries Initiative 6.4 : Bridging the digital divide within ASEAN Bridge the digital divide within ASEAN 35 Source: ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2015 Click Overview

to edit ofMaster AIM 2015 title style Click to edit Master text The ASEAN ICTstyles Masterplan 2015 (AIM 2015) was Second level launched at the 10th TELMIN. Third level Fourth level Fifth level With the vision of Towards an Empowering and

Transformational ICT: Creating an Inclusive, Vibrant and Integrated ASEAN, it is intended to yield four key outcomes. ICT as an engine of growth for ASEAN countries Recognition for ASEAN as a global ICT hub Enhanced quality of life for the people of ASEAN Contribution towards ASEAN integration Source: ASEAN ICT Masterplan 2015 Click Overall to edit Status Master of AIM title 2015

style Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level 8 7 Total Projects 100 Complete %

The AIM 2015 is considered completed despite the fact that a small number of projects are still ongoing. Herein, completed means that each and every Action Point has been successfully addressed by at least one completed project. The total number of projects under the AIM 2015 is in fact far greater than the number of Action Points. Source: Bolliger & Company (Thailand) based on information from various Click Evaluation to editof Master AIM 2015 title (1/2) style The AIM 2015 is considered a success. The four key outcomes have been achieved through the implementation of six Strategic Click to edit

Master text styles Thrusts. Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level ICT as an engine of growth for ASEAN countries The ASEAN economy is significantly influenced by ICT services. Projects under the AIM 2015 have helped promote the economic activities of many SMEs and large enterprises alike by creating a business environment where business can grow. Recognition for ASEAN as a global ICT hub ASEAN has become more widely recognised as an ICT hub. The current atmosphere is conducive to the innovation.

An annual awards event stimulates creativity and enthusiasm among businesses. Source: Bolliger & Company Click Evaluation to editof Master AIM 2015 title (2/2) style Click to edit Master text styles fourlevel key The Second outcomes have been achieved through the

implementation of six Strategic Thrusts. Third level Fourth level Fifth level Enhanced quality of life for the people of ASEAN Through e-Services, ASEAN citizens can access various kinds of services that were previously unavailable to them. Secure transactions enhanced by suggestions taken from related projects also build trust among those who hesitate to engage with ICT technology. People with limited opportunities or disabilities as well as those not used to ICT technology have also been made familiar with digital technology and trained to reap the benefits from its usage. Contribution towards ASEAN integration The goal of ASEAN regional integration has been addressed mainly by projects related to the facilitation of intra-ASEAN skilled labour movement. This directly contributes to the AEC Blueprint and the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity.

Source: Bolliger & Company Click List of to AIM edit2015 Master Projects title style Strategic Thrust 5 Action Point Project Title Proponent Country Year Initiative 5-1: Build capacity

Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Training Course on ICT Strategic Planning for ASEAN Countries Vietnam 2011 Develop a registry of experts and innovators Vietnam 2013 Report on current status and forecast of ICT human resources demands in ASEAN to 2020

Vietnam 2014 Create ASEAN ICT Scholarship Programme Indonesia 2013 ASEAN ICT Skills Upgrading and Development Thailand 2014 ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition and Certification (Phase I) Thailand 2011

ASEAN ICT Skill Standards Definition and Certification (ASEAN-ISSDac) Phase II Thailand 2011 Develop a registryof Fourth expertslevel and innovators Fifth level Create ASEAN ICT Scholarship Program Initiative 5-2: Develop skills upgrading and certification Develop ICT certification and skills upgrading program Establish MRA for skills certification

Source: Bolliger & Company (Thailand) based on information from various ASEAN ICT Master Plan 2020: 8 Strategic Thrusts 41 AIM 2020 Timeline: ICT Skill Standards MRA is expected to be completed in 2019 42 For more information, please contact : Dr. Rachda Chiasakul| Partner | Director, Advisory Services Mobile. +66 (0) 86 903 8888 Tel. +66 (0) 2 625 6357

Fax. +66 (0) 2 625 6311 [email protected] www.bolliger-consulting.com Bolliger & Company (Thailand) Ltd. is a public policy and strategic consulting firm with a focus on research, policy formulation, and decision making. Our primary areas of expertise are in the fields of international trade and investment, economics and social policy, and business strategy. Copyright 2014 Bolliger & Company (Thailand) Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

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