COMICS, COMIX, & THE GRAPHIC NOVEL by Don

COMICS, COMIX, & THE GRAPHIC NOVEL by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen 1

The first comic book appeared in 1933, as shown here in Little Lulu. The cost of each comic book was a dime (10 cents).

You can tell the age of a comic book by looking at the original price.

Today there is a huge discrepancy between the price on the cover and the actual price of the collectible comic book.

2 Mad Magazine in 1952 3 Super Heroes

D. C. Comics: The Justice League 4 Captain Marvel The original Captain Marvel was

published by Fawcett Comics and outsold Superman in the 1940s. 5

Shazam! Ironically, DC Comics in the 1970s purchased the original Captain Marvel character, but could not put his name on a front cover.

So, the comic was called Shazam (after the wizard who granted Captain Marvel his powers). 6 Marvel Comics

Guardians of the Galaxy 7 Marvel Comics The Fantastic Four

8 Marvel Comics: WolverineComic Book vs. Movies 9

The Avengers vs. The X-Men 10 Early Comics: World War II Everybody hates Hitler!

11 Even the Fantastic Four are after Hitler! 12 Todays Comics

range from simple domestic humor such as The Family Circus to the sophisticated social and political satire of Gary Trudeaus Doonesbury. Cathy takes on the problems of single professional women.

BC, The Wizard of Id, Broom Hilda, Zippy and many more offer a combination of simple amusement and allegorical meaning. 13 UNDERGROUND COMIX

The term comix is a co-mix of image and words. Underground comix deal with the underbelly of society as they make fun of drugs, sex, violence, racism, elitism, blasphemy, risque music, body functions, and crude language.

14 Robert Crumb the Father of Underground Comix. The distorted heads and enlarged feet of

Crumbs drawings came from his LSDdistorted view of people and symbols. 15

Gilbert Shelton-- another drug-inspired underground comix writer of the 1960s His well-received parody of the 1960s hippie drug culture was designed not to preach, but to

entertain. Shelton also created Wonder Wart-Hog as a parody of superhero comics. 16

ABOVEGROUND COMICS At the opposite end of the spectrum from underground comix are the coffee table comic books: Joe Andersons Bugs Bunny: Fifty Years and Only One Grey Hare Berkeley Breatheds Bloom County Babylon: Five

Years of Basic Naughtiness Walt Kellys Pluperfect Pogo Bill Wattersons The Calvin and Hobbes Tenth Anniversary Book 17

Parodies of Batman 18 Parody of Snoopy: It was a dark and stormy night.

19 MIDDLEGROUND COMICS Between the underground comix and the coffee table comics, mainstream collections include: Scott Adamss The Dilbert Principle

Charles Schulzs Happiness Is a Warm Puppy, Home Is on Top of a Dog House, I Need All the Friends I Can Get, and Security is a Thumb and a Blanket 20 JOHN CALLAHANS DISABILITY

CARTOONS John Callahan was paralyzed in an automobile accident shortly after his 21st birthday. He draws controversial cartoons about disabilities. One of his most famous shows a darkskinned street beggar carrying a sign that reads, Please help me. I am blind

and black, but not musical. 21 In another cartoon, a man with two prosthetic hands is ordering a drink, and the bartender says, Sorry Sam, you cant hold your liquor.

When under the title, The Alzheimer Hoedown, he showed confused couples unable to Return to the girl that you just left, he received an angry letter from the St. Louis chapter of the Alzheimers Association. 22

Members of the Hall of Fame Sponsored by the International Museum of Cartoon Art Include the following, each shown with one of their most famous

cartoons: 23 Dik Brownes Hagar the Horrible 24

Milton Caniffs Terry and the Pirates 25 Al Capps Lil Abner 26

Billy DeBecks Barney Google 27 Rudolph Dirkss Katzenjammer Kids

28 Left: Hans and Fritz Right: Hans and Franz 29

Budd Fishers Mutt and Jeff 30 Harold Fosters Tarzan 31

Chester Goulds Dick Tracy 32 Harold Grays Little Orphan Annie

33 George Herrimans Krazy Kat and Ignatz 34 Walt Kellys Pogo

35 Walt Kellys Simple J. Malarkey alluded to Senator McCarthy. When newspapers said they would no longer show Malarkeys head, Kelly placed a brown paper bag over his head, which added to the joke.

36 Winsor McCays Little Nemo in Slumberland 37 George McManuss Bringing Up Father

Maggie and Jiggs 38 Richard Oucaults The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown and Tige

39 Alex Raymonds Flash Gordon 40 Charles Schulzs Peanuts

41 Elzie Segars Popeye 42

Mort Walkers Beetle Bailey 43 Chic Youngs Blondie and Dagwood 44

JOHNNY HART CARTOON When the following Johnny Hart strip was run in The Arab News, both the feature editor and the editor-inchief were sentenced to lashing and prison terms for failing to recognize the blasphemy. Their sentences were reduced after the incident caused an international furor.

45 46 Arizonas Governor Evan Meacham In Garry Trudeaus

Doonesbury there is a Mecham-like character who reacts to claims that he is insensitive: Lies! Lies spread by queers and

pickanninies. 47 THE GRAPHIC NOVEL Graphic novels have become a major part of modern literature. Many people first took notice of them in 1986

when Art Spiegelman won the Pulitzer Prize for his Maus. As shown in the next slide, he has continued to work with modern tragedies. 48 Art Spiegelmans In the

Shadow of No Towers 49 Art Spiegelmans In the Shadow of No Towers

50 ART SPIEGELMAN: http://lambiek.net/artists/s/spiegelman.htm 51

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