# VIRGINIA STANDARDS OF LEARNING Spring 2009 Released Test

VIRGINIA STANDARDS OF LEARNING Spring 2009 Released Test GRADE 5 SCIENCE 2009 by the Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education, P.O. Box 2120, Richmond, Virginia 23218-2120. Directions Read each question and choose the best answer. SAMPLE

When Earth is seen from outer space, it looks mainly blue. This is because most of Earth is covered with A ice B mountains C oceans D deserts 1. Based on the picture, the bag of leaves has

A B C D less mass than the pebble the same mass as the pebble the same volume as the pebble less volume than the pebble 1.

Based on the picture, the bag of leaves has A B C D less mass than the pebble the same mass as the pebble the same volume as the pebble less volume than the pebble

2. Which of these is an important natural resource of the Chesapeake Bay? 2. Which of these is an important natural resource of the Chesapeake Bay? 3 The Apollo 11 mission was able to retrieve samples of the Moons surface because it was the first mission to have astronauts A B C

D land on the Moon orbit a planet return to Earth walk in space 3 The Apollo 11 mission was able to retrieve samples of the Moons surface because it was the first mission to have astronauts A B

C D land on the Moon orbit a planet return to Earth walk in space 4 When ice cream is left out of a freezer, the ice cream changes from a F G

H J solid to a gas gas to a liquid solid to a liquid liquid to a gas 4 When ice cream is left out of a freezer, the ice cream changes from a F G

H J solid to a gas gas to a liquid solid to a liquid liquid to a gas 5. Students want to learn which of two soils holds more water. They put clay in one bottle and sand in the other. Then they put equal amounts of water in the bottles. Some of the water drained into beakers. Which of these is the manipulated,

independent variable? A B C D Type of soil Type of beaker Amount of water Number of bottles 5. Students want to learn which of two soils holds more

water. They put clay in one bottle and sand in the other. Then they put equal amounts of water in the bottles. Some of the water drained into beakers. Which of these is the manipulated, independent variable? A B C D Type of soil Type of beaker Amount of water

Number of bottles 6. Which of these correctly shows what happens when two magnets are placed side by side? 6. Which of these correctly shows what happens when two magnets are placed side by side? 7. Students place a pencil in a glass of water as shown. The pencil in the water looks broken

because A B C D water can dissolve pencils water is colder than air light bends when it enters the water light is absorbed when it hits the glass 7. Students place a pencil in a glass of water as

shown. The pencil in the water looks broken because A B C D water can dissolve pencils water is colder than air light bends when it enters the water light is absorbed when it hits the glass

8. Which of these best describes the Moon? F G H J Older than Earth Smaller than Earth Having the same climate as Earth Having the same atmosphere as Earth 8. Which of these best describes the Moon?

F G H J Older than Earth Smaller than Earth Having the same climate as Earth Having the same atmosphere as Earth 9. A student is writing a report on recycling. The student learns that different kinds of material are

recycled in different amounts. Which graph best shows the data? 9. A student is writing a report on recycling. The student learns that different kinds of material are recycled in different amounts. Which graph best shows the data? 10. A student is hiking through a forest taking pictures for science class. Which picture would most likely be used as an example of human impact on Earth?

F G H J A trail built by cutting down trees A river eroding away the riverbank A bird nest made of dead branches A group of butterflies landing on flowers 10. A student is hiking through a forest taking pictures for science class. Which picture would

most likely be used as an example of human impact on Earth? F G H J A trail built by cutting down trees A river eroding away the riverbank A bird nest made of dead branches A group of butterflies landing on flowers

11 Which structure surrounds and protects an animal cell? A B C D Nucleus Vacuole Cytoplasm Cell membrane

11 Which structure surrounds and protects an animal cell? A B C D Nucleus Vacuole Cytoplasm Cell membrane

12. What kind of energy do all moving objects have? F G H J Light energy Solar energy Kinetic energy Renewable energy

12. What kind of energy do all moving objects have? F G H J Light energy Solar energy Kinetic energy Renewable energy

13. The electrician in this picture is wearing rubber gloves for protection. The purpose of the rubber gloves is to A B C D keep the electrician dry create an electrical circuit

produce electricity insulate the electrician 13. The electrician in this picture is wearing rubber gloves for protection. The purpose of the rubber gloves is to A B C D

keep the electrician dry create an electrical circuit produce electricity insulate the electrician 14. The top layers of soil are important because they F G H J

prevent earthquakes give plants nutrients protect the bedrock make walking easier 14. The top layers of soil are important because they F G H J

prevent earthquakes give plants nutrients protect the bedrock make walking easier 15. Based on the food web, which of these is a producer? A B C

D Eagle Grass Rabbit Sparrow 15. Based on the food web, which of these is a producer? A B

C D Eagle Grass Rabbit Sparrow 16. Which of these correctly shows how light acts when it hits a mirror? 16. Which of these correctly shows how light acts

when it hits a mirror? 17. In winter, the arctic fox has white fur. In summer, its fur changes color to brown and gray. The change in fur color helps the arctic fox to A B C D run

mate hide hibernate 17. In winter, the arctic fox has white fur. In summer, its fur changes color to brown and gray. The change in fur color helps the arctic fox to A B C D

run mate hide hibernate 18. A student makes a fruit drink by stirring a powdered mix into cold water. Why is the fruit drink a solution? F G H

J The powder dissolves in the water. The water changes color. The student stirs the water. The water is the proper temperature. 18. A student makes a fruit drink by stirring a powdered mix into cold water. Why is the fruit drink a solution? F G

H J The powder dissolves in the water. The water changes color. The student stirs the water. The water is the proper temperature. 19. Which unit is best to use for measuring the width of oak tree leaves? A B

C D Centimeter Gram Kilometer Milliliter 19. Which unit is best to use for measuring the width of oak tree leaves? A B

C D Centimeter Gram Kilometer Milliliter 20. At which location are oceans the deepest? F G H

J Mid-ocean ridge Abyssal plain Ocean trench Volcanic island 20. At which location are oceans the deepest? F G H J

Mid-ocean ridge Abyssal plain Ocean trench Volcanic island 21. Which of these is most likely harmful to an ecosystem? A B C D

Building new homes in a wetland Taking away airplanes from an airport Planting trees in an orchard Adding floors to an office building 21. Which of these is most likely harmful to an ecosystem? A B C D

Building new homes in a wetland Taking away airplanes from an airport Planting trees in an orchard Adding floors to an office building 22. Which of these describes rotation? F Mercury goes around the Sun every 88 days. G The Moon goes around Earth every 28 days. H Earth orbits the Sun about every 365 days. J Earth makes one turn on its axis every 24 hours.

22. Which of these describes rotation? F Mercury goes around the Sun every 88 days. G The Moon goes around Earth every 28 days. H Earth orbits the Sun about every 365 days. J Earth makes one turn on its axis every 24 hours. 23. When a tree is dormant, the tree is A B C

D dying inactive growing taller growing its leaves 23. When a tree is dormant, the tree is A B C D

dying inactive growing taller growing its leaves 24. Which type of storm causes the most flooding in areas located near an ocean coastline? F G H

J Tornado Hurricane Blizzard Freezing rain 24. Which type of storm causes the most flooding in areas located near an ocean coastline? F G

H J Tornado Hurricane Blizzard Freezing rain 25. Granite is a hard material and forms from cooling magma. Granite is a type of A B

C D lava stone igneous rock volcanic dust sedimentary rock 25. Granite is a hard material and forms from cooling magma. Granite is a type of A B

C D lava stone igneous rock volcanic dust sedimentary rock 26. What do the arrows on the map represent? F G H

J Size of waves Water density Ocean currents Time between tides 26. What do the arrows on the map represent? F G H J

Size of waves Water density Ocean currents Time between tides 27. A student rolls a ball on the ground. Which of these causes the ball to slow down and then stop? A B C

D The motion of the ball The speed of the ball Friction from the ground A magnetic field 27. A student rolls a ball on the ground. Which of these causes the ball to slow down and then stop? A B

C D The motion of the ball The speed of the ball Friction from the ground A magnetic field 28. Which of the following do plants need to make their own food? F G

H J Flowers Bacteria Sunlight Oxygen 28. Which of the following do plants need to make their own food? F G

H J Flowers Bacteria Sunlight Oxygen 29. A student counted the number of Canada geese that have lived on a pond for the past five years. Based on the graph, how many geese will probably live on the pond in year 6?

A B C D 60 65 70 75 29. A student counted the number of Canada geese that have lived on a pond for the past five years.

Based on the graph, how many geese will probably live on the pond in year 6? A B C D 60 65 70 75

30. Which of these objects is translucent? F G H J A students notebook A mirror on the bus A brick wall of the school A students sunglass lenses 30. Which of these objects is translucent?

F G H J A students notebook A mirror on the bus A brick wall of the school A students sunglass lenses 31. The presence of an animal fossil in a rock gives evidence of

A B C D what hunting behaviors the animal used how many babies the animal had exactly when the animal was born the time period the animal lived in 31. The presence of an animal fossil in a rock gives evidence of

A B C D what hunting behaviors the animal used how many babies the animal had exactly when the animal was born the time period the animal lived in 32. A boy placed four leaves in a caterpillars cage.

He observed the number of leaves in the caterpillars cage each day. Based on the data, the boy should infer that the caterpillar F G H J is eating only every other day is eating each day will eat part of one leaf next Monday will stop eating during molting on Friday

32. A boy placed four leaves in a caterpillars cage. He observed the number of leaves in the caterpillars cage each day. Based on the data, the boy should infer that the caterpillar F G H J is eating only every other day

is eating each day will eat part of one leaf next Monday will stop eating during molting on Friday 33. What tool is used to determine the mass of an object? A B C D Balance

Meter stick Thermometer Graduated cylinder 33. What tool is used to determine the mass of an object? A B C D Balance

Meter stick Thermometer Graduated cylinder 34. Which part of a sunflower plant absorbs water and nutrients? F G H J Roots

Stems Leaves Flowers 34. Which part of a sunflower plant absorbs water and nutrients? F G H J Roots

Stems Leaves Flowers 35. Juan is doing an experiment to see how long it takes an acorn to grow into a 0.5-meter-tall oak tree. Which two instruments should he choose? A B C D

Thermometer and centimeter ruler Thermometer and calendar Centimeter ruler and pan balance Centimeter ruler and calendar 35. Juan is doing an experiment to see how long it takes an acorn to grow into a 0.5-meter-tall oak tree. Which two instruments should he choose? A B

C D Thermometer and centimeter ruler Thermometer and calendar Centimeter ruler and pan balance Centimeter ruler and calendar 36. An electric motor is designed to turn electrical energy into F G

H J solar energy potential energy static electricity mechanical energy 36. An electric motor is designed to turn electrical energy into F G

H J solar energy potential energy static electricity mechanical energy 37. A group of students tested the effects of different amounts of water on ivy plant growth. Afterwards, they could not remember how much each plant grew per day. What should

they have done to practice good science? A Discuss their observations with other groups in their class. B Conduct the experiment with more than one type of plant. C Record daily information in a data table. D Make up explanations for the results. 37. A group of students tested the effects of different amounts of water on ivy plant growth. Afterwards, they could not remember how much each plant grew per day. What should

they have done to practice good science? A Discuss their observations with other groups in their class. B Conduct the experiment with more than one type of plant. C Record daily information in a data table. D Make up explanations for the results. 38. In which numbered stage of the frogs life cycle does the frog begin to use lungs to breathe air? F

G H J 1 2 3 4 38. In which numbered stage of the frogs life cycle does the frog begin to use lungs to breathe air?

F G H J 1 2 3 4 39. Lee uses a microscope during science class. He

sees this organism in a drop of water. Which organism did he most likely see? A B C D Paramecium Vorticella Euglena

Amoeba 39. Lee uses a microscope during science class. He sees this organism in a drop of water. Which organism did he most likely see? A B C D

Paramecium Vorticella Euglena Amoeba 40.What part of the flower produces pollen? F G H J

ovary sepal pistil stamen 40.What part of the flower produces pollen? F G H J ovary

sepal pistil stamen

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