SPANISH-AMERICAN CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS by Don L. F. Nilsen

SPANISH-AMERICAN CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen 1 SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND PORTUGAL 2 SPAIN AND PORTUGAL

3 Don Quixotes Mind: Rocinante, Dulcinea, Sancho Panza, Lance & Windmills 4 CODE SWITCHING L. Dabne said that in the case of the first generation, Code Switching is

often used as a remedial strategy to incompetence. However in the second generation, code switching can fulfill different functions: 5 It can enable the speaker to claim a personal identity. It can express a kind of complicity with the others or, on the other hand, it can reveal a strategy of divergence from the

environment. 6 Code Switching can enable the speaker to comment about the language (metalinguistic use) Code Switching can also be used to comment on what has just been said (metadiscursive use). Or, finally, Code Switching can be used to change the type of interaction, to select other

interlocutors or to switch from a dialogue to a collective exchange (metacommunicative use). 7 SPANGLISH Spanglish is a new kind of slang finding its way not only into conversations but also into short stories, novels, popular music, comedy acts, and television sitcoms. Sprinkled through English sentences are such insertions as Que no?, Tambien,

and Yo se. 8 Sometimes English words are combined with Spanish words, so that barber shop and peluqueria becomes barberia. Similarly, chilling out becomes chileando, and to park becomes parkear.

9 HISPANIC NAMES In Spain and Latin America, if a girl were named Ana Maria Lpez Garcia, she has two surnames. The first one is her fathers (Lpez), and the second one is her mothers (Garcia). 10 If Ana Maria Lpez Garcia married Gregoria

Daz Rodriguez, then she would write her name as Ana Maria Lpez de Daz. In Mexico, Ana Maria Lpez de Daz would go by her maiden name daily (Maria Lpez Garcia), but on formal documentation she would identify herself with her married name (Ana Maria Lpez de Daz). 11 If she were to have a child, Alicia, Alicias full name

would be Alicia Lpez Daz, keeping both her fathers and her mothers surnames. 12 SPANGLISH TEST 1 bacuncliner vacuum cleaner

biper beeper or pager boyla boiler

chileando chilling out choping shopping fafu fast food

jangear hanging out joldoperos muggers, holdup artists 13

SPANGLISH TEST 2 liqueo to leak maicrogey microwave oven pulover T-shirt roofo

roof sangiche sandwich tensn ten-cent store like K-Mart or Woolworths 14 Phonological Differences 1 English has 13 vowels; Spanish has

only 5 vowels Spanish is a syllable-timed language; English is a stress-timed language Spanish /d/ and // are alaphonic as in duda 15 Phonological Differences 2 English has a retroflex /r/; Spanish has a flapped /r/ and a trilled /r/ written as and English has no velar fricative or

Spanish doesnt distinguish between // and / /, or between /s/ and /z/ 16 Orthographic Differences 1 Spanish is pronounced /y/; Spanish is pronounced /l/

Spanish is a velar fricative Spanish and are both the same (bilabial fricatives) Spanish has <> for the /ny/ sound

Spanish is not pronounced Spanish has a but no or 17 Orthographic Differences 2 Spanish begins questions with <> and exclamations with Spanish uses a period for thousands,

and a comma for a decimal; English does the reverse Spanish uses for quotation marks, not 18 Morphological Differences Spanish verbs are more highly inflected than are English verbs Spanish adjectives agree with the nouns they modify in number and gender Spanish has grammatical gender; English has

natural gender Spanish uses the definite article differently as in el seor Jones 19 Syntactic Differences English adjectives come before nouns; Spanish adjectives come after nouns. Spanish has pro-drop which means that a subject pronoun can be dropped; English does not. Spanish has double negatives (No

tiene nada); English does not. 20 Semantic Differences 1 Some English-Spanish cognates dont have the same meaning. Consider the following Spanish words: actual, libraria, grocera, molestar, embarazada and principio. In English, these words mean present, bookstore, vulgarity, to bother, pregnant and beginning, respectively.

21 Semantic Differences 2 A single Spanish word can have more than one English meaning: Spanish hacer means either make or do Spanish su means either his, her, or its Spanish en means either on, in, into, or at 22 Semantic Differences 3

Or, a single English word can have more than one Spanish meaning: English time in Spanish can be tiempo, vez, or hora English hot in Spanish can be picante, or caliente 23 In conclusion, consider these riddles: Spanish plata means silver, Spanish oro means gold, and Spanish platano

means banana Qu es come oro, pero plata no es? Platano es. 24 Spanish se parecen means similarity Spanish manzano means apple Spanish tren means train Spanish pera means pear Spanish espera means to wait En qu se parecen una manzano y un tren?

No es pera. = No espera. 25 Spanish estrellas means stars Spanish hay means are there Spanish cielos means heavens Spanish cinquenta means fifty Spanish sin quenta means countless Cuantas estrellas hay en los cielos? Cinquenta. = Sin quenta 26

Spanish perezoso means lazy Spanish mundo means world Spanish nada means both nothing and it swims Cual animal es el mas perezoso del mundo? El pez. Qu hace el pez? Nada. 27

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Mankiw 5/e Chapter 6: Unemployment

    Mankiw 5/e Chapter 6: Unemployment

    Unemployment from real wage rigidity The minimum wage in the real world: In Sept 1996, the minimum wage was raised from $4.25 to $4.75. Here's what happened: Labor unions Unions exercise monopoly power to secure higher wages for their members....
  • Sirius - South African National Department of Health

    Sirius - South African National Department of Health

    Five ten year implementation plan - the first plan 2014-2023. ... Formulated indicators for tracking the implementation of the first ten years of agenda 2063. ... Development of ToRs. Domestication of indicators. Data sources established.
  • IEEE 802.21 Tutorial July 2006

    IEEE 802.21 Tutorial July 2006

    If an existing one, MIPSHOP will create a guide on how to use such protocol for the specific task Define IP-layer discovery component Address security (out of scope for IEEE 802.21) Current IETF Drafts Personal drafts on the problem statement...
  • Iron: Assyria and Persia

    Iron: Assyria and Persia

    Loss of Persian army leads to successful Egyptian revolution. Greeks never again have to worry about Persian invasion. Persian army begins adopt Greek tactics and weapons. Adopts them just in time for a more technologically advanced army led by Alexander...
  • Vámonos - La clase de Ms. O&#x27;Neill

    Vámonos - La clase de Ms. O'Neill

    Because stem change verbs change everywhere but nosotros (and vosotros in spain!), some people call them "boot verbs" because you can draw boot to help you remember where the change occurs. Verbos (add to dictionary… then let's practice conjugating one...
  • Exponential/ Logarithmic

    Exponential/ Logarithmic

    Arial Wingdings Calibri Arial Black Times New Roman Tahoma Pixel 1_Pixel Exponential/ Logarithmic Exponential Functions Laws of Exponents Sketching Example Exponential Functions are One to One Example Log Graph Laws of Logarithms Example e Example Natural log (ln) Properties of...
  • The Different Voices of Morality: Carol Gilligan&#x27;s Theory of ...

    The Different Voices of Morality: Carol Gilligan's Theory of ...

    Critical Terms. Ethic of Care- A conception of morality involving an awareness of the crucial nature of human relationships and a need to respect your responsibilities to other people.For example, a young girl might express concern about "leaving out" a...
  • Edexcel CiDA| Course Overview What is it? Level

    Edexcel CiDA| Course Overview What is it? Level

    EdexcelCiDA| Course Overview It is your responsibility to make sure you regularly revisit this knowledge outside of class. What is it? Level 2 Certificate in Digital Applications: