THE REFORMATION IN ENGLAND The German Lutherans in the Holy Roman Empire were not the only group to break away from the

Catholic Church and form their own religion Another threat to Church authority would soon come from England Unlike the devout Martin Luther, the English man who

broke away from the Church did so for political and personal reasons, NOT spiritual reasons Henry VIII (the 8th) was the king of England from 1509 to 1547 For much of his reign, Henry supported the Catholic Church, but

political needs would test his religious loyalty Like all kings, Henry wants a son to inherit the crown after he dies The problem? He only has one daughter Henry knew that his 42 year old wife Catherine would not be having any more children He needs a son, so he

wants to divorce Catherine and marry a younger queen The problem is that divorce is not permitted in the Catholic Church, which Henry is a part of Henry asked the Pope to annul (eliminate or set aside) his marriage to Catherine

The Pope refused Henry still needed a legitimate son from a legitimate marriage to inherit the kingship (an illegitimate son from a girlfriend or mistress would not be able to become king legally) Henry called a meeting of Englands government (the

Parliament) He asked Parliament to pass laws that would end the Popes power in England This meeting would be called the Reformation Parliament Henry married Anne Boleyn in secret; Parliament then made his divorce from Catherine legal and made Englands break from the Pope official

With the Act of Supremacy, He became the official King Henry VIII cut all ties head of the new Church to the Catholic Church of England The practices of the Church of England and the Catholic Church were nearly identical There were two major differences Second, the king, not between the two Churches; one, the Pope, is the head divorce is legal in England of Englands Church

RESULTS OF HENRYS ACTIONS HENRYS SIX WIVES divorce d divorce executed executed

die d survived One result is that Henry was free to marry, divorce, and remarry as he pleased Before he died in 1547,

Henry would marry six different women HENRYS THREE CHILDREN EDWARD IV MARY I ELIZABETH I

Only three children came from those six marriages; all three children would rule England at different times Henrys only son, Edward, came from his third wife, Jane Seymour Edward was a sickly boy who became king at age 9; he would die at age 15

When her younger half-brother Edward died, Mary became queen Mary was Catholic and ordered that England once again become a Catholic country By now, the Church of England was established, so

Mary met with resistance Anyone who resisted paid the price: Mary ordered thousands of Protestants executed by beheading, burning, and drawing and quartering All of this earned Queen Mary the nickname Bloody Mary Marys actions would create

bitterness between Protestants and Catholics in England for a long time When her older half-sister Mary dies, Henrys daughter Elizabeth becomes queen of England Elizabeth was a wise ruler: she brought the Protestant faith back to England (the

new Anglican Church), but kept practices that made both Catholics and Protestants happy This way, Elizabeth was able to preserve peace in her country Elizabeth may have settled religious conflicts within her country, but she

would have other problems because of religion Being the only Protestant monarch (and a female, too) in Europe, Elizabeth became the target of Europes Catholic kings Spains Catholic king,

Spain and England went Phillip II, wanted to to war in the late overthrow Elizabeth and 1500s, which resulted put a Catholic king on in a terrible defeat for Englands throne Spain and their Armada Henrys break from the Church had far-reaching effects on history His younger daughter,

Elizabeth, would go on to be one of the greatest English rulers of all time Her defeat of Spain would lead to England becoming a major world power England would eventually spread their power to the New World, which would lead to the founding of America

Originally created by Christopher Jaskowiak HENRYS SIX WIVES divorce d executed

die d divorce executed survived

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