Physics Paper 1 - Bourne academy science department
Physics Paper 1 MAY 23RD 2018 Energy What types of energy? Light, sound ,heat, kinetic, electrical, gpe, elastic potential, chemical. What is the equation for gravitational potential energy? GPE = mass x height x gravitational field strength
What is the equation for kinetic energy? KE = x mass x velocity2 What happens to the gravitational potential energy of an object as it falls? Changed into kinetic energy. Energy What is work done? When a force acts on an object and the object moves.
What is the equation for work done? W = Fxs What are the units for work done? Joules (J) What are the units for force? Newtons (N) Energy
What is power? Work done per second What are the two equations for power? Power = work done time Power = energy transfer time What are the units for power? Watt (W)
Define specific heat capacity? The energy needed to raise the temperature of 1kg of material by 1C The equation for specific heat capacity is given to you on the data sheet. Energy transfer = mass x shc x temperature change Energy How can you reduce friction? Lubrication eg oil
What is insulation? A way to reduce heat loss eg loft insulation What is energy dissipation? Energy transferred as waste energy to the environment. What is the equation for energy efficiency? Efficiency = useful output total input Energy
What is the law for the conservation of energy? Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred. What are non-renewable energy resources? Energy resources that will run out eg coal, oil, gas and nuclear What are renewable energy resources? Energy resources that will not run out eg solar, wind, wave, tidal, hydroelectric, geothermal, biofuels. Energy transfers
What are the energy transfers involved in the following? Eg A drill? Electrical kinetic + sound + heat A TV? Electircal light + sound + heat Mobile phone? Chemical electrical light + sound + heat Fan Heater? Electrical heat + kinetic + sound Electricity symbols Cell Closed Switch Open Switch
Variable resistor Led Battery Fuse Diode Bulb Resistor Voltmeter Ammeter
Thermistor Light dependent resistor Electricity What is potential difference? The energy transferred per unit charge What is the equation for potential difference ? V = IR What
is moving around the circuit? Electrons What is a series circuit? A circuit that has one path for the electrons to flow What is a parallel circuit? A circuit that has more than one route for the electrons to flow. Electricty How
do you calculate resistance in a series circuit? Add the values of the resistors together What happens to the resistance in a parallel circuit? The total resistance in a parallel circuit is always smaller than the smallest resistance of any component What does the IV graph look like for a resistor, a bulb and a diode? Electricity What
is a thermistor? A temperature dependent resistor What is an LDR? A light dependent resistor What is a diode? A component that only allows current to flow in one direction Electricity
What is the voltage and frequency of the domestic electricity supply in the UK? 230V and 50Hz How is electricity transferred from power stations to your house? National grid How do they change the potential difference of the electricity in a power station to the pylons?
Step up transformer How do they change the potential difference from the pylons to your house? Electricity What is the equation to work out the energy transferred by electrical work? E = QV (Q = charge flow) What P = VI
are the two equations to work out power? P = I2R What is the difference between potential difference and current? Current is the flow of charge Potential difference is the work done in moving that charge Particle model of matter What are the properties of a solid?
Fixed shape as the particles vibrate and cannot change position. Held together by a strong force of attraction called bonds. What are the properties of a liquid? Fixed size but no fixed shape. The bonds between the particles are less strong. What are the properties of a gas? No fixed shape or volume. There is virtually no force of attraction between the particles. What
is the definition of density? The measure of the amount of substance per unit volume. Particle model of matter What is the equation for density? Density = mass volume Particle model of matter Particle model of matter Particle model of matter What
is internal energy? The total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles in a system. How does temperature affect the internal energy of a system? The hotter the material the more energy the system has. What is latent heat? The energy needed for a substance to change state. What
is specific latent heat? The energy needed to change the state of 1kg of material. Particle model of matter What is the equation for specific latent heat? E = mL. What is the specific latent heat of vaporisation? The energy needed to change the state from a liquid to a
gas. What is the specific latent heat of fusion? The energy needed to change the state from a solid to liquid. What is gas pressure? The total force exerted by all the molecules inside a Atomic Structure What is the structure of an atom?
Atomic Structure What is radioactive decay? When an unstable atom decays to become more stable. What is an atom with an unstable nucleus called? A radioisotope What is an alpha particle? 2 protons and 2 neutrons
What is a beta particle? A fast moving electron What is a gamma ray? A ray of energy that has no mass or charge Atomic structure properties of radiation penetration power Atomic structure Which
type of radiation is the most ionising? Alpha Which type of radiation is the least ionising? Gamma What is radioactive contamination? The unwanted presence is materials containing radioactive atoms What is irradiation?
When a material is exposed to nuclear radiation Atomic structure What are the effects of irradiation? Atomic structure What is a half life? The time taken for the radioactivity of a material to fall by half What
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