Native American & Colonial Literature

Warm-up for 9/2/11. Read the following quote and respond to the question: (write the quote and author) **DO NOT TALK DURING THIS ASSIGNMENT** [In America] individuals of all nations are melted into a new race of men, whose laborswill one day cause great changes in the world. -- Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur 1. What do you think de Crevecoeur meant by this quote? What does it suggest about his beliefs? 2. How can peoples beliefs reflect their actions? 3. Judging from the quote, what do you think we are about to study in

Unit 1? Read pages 4-7 and answer the following questions: 1. Describe the relationship between the Native Americans and the Puritans. How did they interact? What did they learn from each other? 2. Describe details about the Puritan way of life. How were people supposed to act? What were the focuses of many Puritan writings of the time? What are three ways in which Puritan beliefs influenced the colonists lives?

3. Turn to p. 17 and complete the bulleted Turn to page 10. We will read and discuss this section as a class. NATIVE AMERICAN & COLONIAL LITERATURE Encounters & Foundations to 1800 Time Period: 1600-1760

THE BEGINNING: The New England colonies are often considered as the birthplace of American Literature. Colonists from England who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts wrote of their experience, their goals, and their interactions with the Native Americans. Native Americans shared their cultural ideals and beliefs, and in combination with the new colonists, many stories Native American

Characteristics LITERATURE CHARACTERISTICS: Oral storytelling that would be passed down word of mouth. Storytelling was full of description, nature, and ceremony. Creation myths and other beliefs of the ways of life were often the subject of Native American literature. Very few stories were written down or recorded. Written texts that do refer to Native Americans are from Colonial perspectives.

Colonial Literature Colonists who came from England (famously, Captain John Smith) are often regarded as the first American authors. Some of the literature were pamphlets and writings that would tell about the benefit of the new American colonies to both the colonial settlers and the residents still back in England. The original American colonies were founded because of religious disputes in England. Those who disagreed with current religious ruling fled to a new way of life in America. Conflicts and strive with the Native Americans were also

subjects of Colonial writings. Colonial Literature, contd. Major topics of Colonial literature: Religious sermons were frequent Colonial topics. Puritan ways of life were preached by Colonial writers. Puritan beliefs called for strict devotion and a rigorous cleansing of those who did not follow Puritan ways of life. These Puritan beliefs came from the idea of original sin (the idea that all people are born sinners, therefore time should be spent preaching and purifying the human race). The novel was still many years from being developed. Pamphlets, speeches, letters, and sermons were the structures

of Colonial writings. Why do we study this? The issues that new colonists found when moving to America are still the some of the same issues we face today with religion, race, government, and commerce. The decisions and actions from Colonial times have directly impacted our current ways of life: Native American rights and land disputes The battle for civil rights amongst all people. Labeling those not in the mainstream as others and refusing to give them equal rights.

Because of this time period, creative movements in literature dealing with love and nature occurred Famous Texts Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards Deals with a sermon directed at those not following Puritan ways of life who are doomed to suffer eternally for their sins. Of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford Discusses the details of early settlement and the interactions with Native Americans as the founding of America began.

The Crucible by Arthur Miller IMPORTANT NOTE: This play was NOT written in Colonial times. Written in 1953, Arthur Miller set his play in the colonial days in Salem, Massachusetts. We study it as a Colonial text because of its setting. Miller wrote it in 1953 because of similar ways of life occurring in America again. Tonights Homework Read The Sky Tree on p. 20 and Coyote Finishes His Work on p. 22-23. For each story, complete the following questions: 1. Summarize each story in a short paragraph

focusing on the purpose of each story. 2. Answer the Reading and Literary Focus questions in each story. They appear as green or blue letters (A-E). Answer those focus questions as well. We will discuss these two stories and your homework questions as examples of Native American literature next class. Exit Questions Complete the 3-2-1 to submit as you leave class: Name THREE items or customs exchanged

between the Native Americans and the New England colonists. Name the TWO main topics of Native American literature. Name the ONE form that Native American literature existed.

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