Monogastric Production Swine Section

Monogastric Production Swine Section Inventory of Hogs and Pigs June 1, 2004 Inventory of Hogs and Pigs June 1, 2004 U.S. Missouri Breeding hogs 5,913,000 320,000

Market hogs 54,196,000 2,580,000 Total 60,082,000 2,900,000 Top Ten Hog States

1st Iowa (15,900,000 hd) 2nd North Carolina (10,100,000) 3rd Minnesota (6,500,000) 4th Illinois (3,950,000) 5th Indiana (3,100,000) 6th Missouri (2,900,000) 7th Nebraska (2,850,000) Top Ten Hog States Continued 8th Oklahoma (2,450,000)

9th Kansas (1,730,000) 10th Ohio (1, 450,000) Top Ten Hog Producing States These top ten hog states account for 84.8% of all hogs and pigs in the U.S. What about historic high and low swine inventory numbers All time highs for both the U.S. and MO occurred in 1944. U.S. had 83.4 M compared to 60.0 M (2004) Missouri had 5.405 M compared to 2.900 M (2004)

Record low numbers for MO occurred in 1935 (2.4 M) What about highs and lows for other Missouri livestock? Beef cow high of 2.759 M (1975) compared to the present inventory of 2.125 M (2004) Milk cow high of 1.115 M (1945) compared to the present inventory of 125,000 (2004) Sheep high of 1.780 M (1943) compared to 60,000 (2004) Number of Missouri Farms (1991 vs 2003)

Hog operations (15,000 vs 2,700) Beef cow operations (65,000 vs 56,000) Milk cow operations (7,500 vs 3,100) Sheep operations (3,400 vs 1,800) Average farm size in 2003 = 285 A. Total MO farms in 2003 = 106,000 Where are most of the hogs raised in Missouri? Ten to twenty years ago the best answer would have been in North Missouri (especially along the

MO and Mississippi Rivers) and feeder pigs in Southern MO. Today the leading regions of the state include: Northwest, North Central, Northeast and West Central. A few of counties in SW MO also have significant hog numbers (Barton, Jasper and McDonald). Missouri Feeder Pig 1991 No. shipped out of Missouri 619,081 2003

3,252,461 Total feeder pigs produced 1,238,162 Total pig crop 4,848,000 6,099,000 25.5% 53.3%

% of total sold out of state Feeder pigs as a % of total pigs produced Unknown What states import Missouri feeder pigs?

Iowa = 79.0% Minnesota = 6.2% South Dakota = 6.1% Illinois = 5.1% MO Hog Numbers by Size of Operation Size of Operat. % of Total Oper 1991 % of

Total Oper 2003 % of Inv % of Inv Numbers Numbers 1991 2003 1-99 hd 62.0 59.3 7.5

1.5 100-499 hd 28.0 16.7 34.5 3.5 500 hd & >

10.0 24.0 58.0 95.0 2003 Cash Farm Receipts Livestock = $2, 628,329,000 (52.9%) Crops = $2,344,432,000 (47.1%) Meat Animals = $1,537,980,000 (58.5% of lvst receipts) Hogs = $456,066,000 (17.4% of livestock cash receipts and 29.6% of meat animal

cash receipts) Web Sites for More Information U.S. Hogs and Pigs Charts http://www.usda.gov/nass/aggraphs/hog_pig.htm. Missouri Farm Facts http://agebb.missouri.edu/mass/farmfact/index.ht m . 2002 USDA Census of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov/nass/.

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