Mobile Applications and Web Services

Lecture 7: Internet of Things By D. Najla Al-Nabhan 1 Internet of Things 2 Lecture Aims

The main aim of this lecture is to introduce the fundamental concepts of the Internet of Things and its applications and architecture models; Introduction to the technologies and mechanisms for sensing, actuation, processing and cyber-physical data communication. Discussing semantic technologies, service oriented solutions and networking technologies that enable the integration of Internet of Things data and services into the

cyber world (i.e. the Internet and the Web). To develop practical skills that can be transferred into a real-world environment. 3 4

Sensor devices are becoming widely available - Programmable devices - Off-the-shelf gadgets/tools 5 More Things are being connected Home/daily-life devices Business and Public infrastructure Health-care

6 People Connecting to Things ECG sensor Internet Motion sensor Motion sensor Motion sensor

7 Things Connecting to Things - Complex and heterogeneous resources and networks 8 Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) End-user Core network

e.g. Internet Gateway Sink node Gateway Computer services - The networks typically run Low Power Devices

- Consist of one or more sensors, could be different type of sensors (or actuators) 9 How are the networks changing? Extensions

More nodes, more connections, IPv6, 6LowPan,... Any TIME, Any PLACE + Any THING M2M, IoT

Everybody connected. Broadband Enhancements 10

Billions of interconnected devices, Expansions Smart networks Data-centric and content-oriented networking Context-aware (autonomous) systems

Future Networks 11 11 11 Thing connected to the internet Image Courtesy: : CISCO

12 12 What does Internet of Things (IoT) mean? Extending the current Internet and providing connection, communication, and internetworking between devices and physical objects, or "Things," is a growing trend that is often referred to as the Internet of Things.

The technologies and solutions that enable integration of real world data and services into the current information networking technologies are often described under the umbrella term of the Internet of Things (IoT) 13 Internet of Things Module

14 Image courtesy: Wilgengebroed Why should I learn about IoT? Business trend Emerging technologies Growing IoT Services and Application

15 Opportunities 16 Source: Technology trend 17

Market growth According to a study conducted by Frost & Sullivan in 2011, the global RFID market of $3 billion to $4 billion (in 2009) will grow by twelve percent per year through 2016 and reach a volume of approximately $6.5 billion to almost $9 billion. 80 percent of all households in the European Union are expected to have intelligent power meters by 2020.

A buildings energy management can then be monitored and administered remotely via a smartphone or a PC. Market experts predict that this global market, which represented $5.3 billion in 2010. In February 2012 the Chinese government therefore decided to set up a fund of approximately $775 million to support this field in the

next five years. It will grow to $11 billion by 2015. This sector is expected to grow to $116 billion by 2015, according to a report published by the Xinhua News Agency in late 2010. 18 Source: Siemens, Smart product sales 19

Source: Siemens, Internet Connected devices 20 Source: Siemens, Global Data Generation Everyday around 20 quintillion (10^18) bytes

of data are produced (Source: ). - This data includes textual content (unstructured, semi-structured, structured) to multimedia content (images, video and audio), on a variety of platforms (enterprise, social media, and sensors). 21 Data Generation

22 Reading Assignment! from the following web page; choose one of the Internet of Things application and summarize into points. 23

Reference Thanks to professors P.Barnaghi and Dr Chuan H Foh 24

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