Learning Objectives - Stmaryspsyweb's Weblog

To be able to answer short answer questions on remembering and forgetting Well Done for giving up part of your holidays to come in for this valuable revision session. Get the most out of it. Think what could get in the way of your learning today and how you will combat that 2-5-2 2 Reviewing the activity.....where is most of our knowledge?

Where are our gaps? minutes 5 people 2 things about any of the models of memory we have covered (A01 or A02) Each person will have 12 things about the models of memory on their post-it notes by the end No duplication!!! We will be doing a relay of short answer questions in PAIRS The aim is to be the fastest group to get through them all correctly FIRST TIME you should not use your

notes at all SECOND TIME Miss will tell you if you can use them or not We will review each question afterwards 1 Outline what is meant by retrieval failure. Briefly explain how it might affect a students ability to recall information in an examination room after learning the information while in his bedroom. (4 marks)

[AO1 = 2 AO2 = 2] (AO1) Up to 2 marks for knowledge of retrieval failure (credit context dependent forgetting). (AO2) Up to 2 marks for application to the example. Possible answer: Information is stored in LTM (1) but not accessible because the cues needed to access it are not present. (1). Therefore in this case, the student learned while in a bedroom but this context does not match his recall environment of the exam room (1). So he will not be able to recall the information (1). Accept other valid answers such as state cues.

(a) This was reasonably well answered. The major failing occurred when candidates did not apply their knowledge of retrieval failure to the stem, especially not saying what the effect would be for the student. 2 According to the multi-store model, there is a short-term memory store and a long-term memory store. Identify three differences between these memory stores. (3 marks) 2 According to the multi-store model, there is a shortterm memory store and a long-term memory store. Identify three differences between these memory stores. (3 marks)

1 mark for each difference. Likely answers: Duration (lifelong in LTM/20/30 seconds STM); Capacity (7+/- 2 in STM/ unlimited for LTM); Coding (mainly acoustic STM/mainly semantic LTM); Cause/type/mechanism of forgetting/whether or not displacement occurs.

This was well answered. The major failing occurred when candidates did not make the difference explicit by reference to both STM and LTM. 3. Briefly explain what is meant by semantic memory; (2 marks) [AO1 = 1, AO2 = 1] AO1 1 mark for defining/accurately describing semantic memory. AO2 1 mark for explanation of semantic memory, which may be by example. Likely answer: semantic memory is memory for facts/general knowledge. It is a type of knowing that/declarative memory, eg knowing that neon is a gas.

4. Briefly explain what is meant by procedural memory (2 marks) AO1 1 mark for defining/accurately describing procedural memory. AO2 1 mark for explanation of procedural

memory, which may be by example. Likely answer: procedural memory is memory for information which cannot be inspected consciously/memory for a motor skill/action. It is knowing how/how to/non-declarative, eg knowing how to ride a horse (procedural). Many candidates failed to point out that procedural memory relates to memory for motor skills. There were also many references to unconscious memory.

5 Psychologists have suggested that forgetting can be explained in a number of ways. Four possible explanations are listed below: A lack of consolidation; B displacement; C motivated forgetting; D decay. In your answer book, identify which explanation, A, B, C or D, is most likely to be illustrated by each of the following statements. (i) Kim could not remember the numbers at the start of the

telephone number she had just looked up because there were 11 digits in total. (1 mark) (ii) Peter was knocked unconscious at the end of the icehockey game and could not remember the goal that he had just scored. (1 mark)

5 Psychologists have suggested that forgetting can be explained in a number of ways. Four possible explanations are listed below: A lack of consolidation; B displacement; C motivated forgetting; D decay. In your answer book, identify which explanation, A, B, C or D, is most likely to be illustrated by each of the following statements. (i) Kim could not remember the numbers at the start of the telephone number she had just looked up because there were 11 digits in total. (1 mark) B (ii) Peter was knocked unconscious at the end of the icehockey game and could not remember the goal that he had just scored. (1 mark) A 6. Read

Debbie: the following conversation. I have found it really difficult to remember my new e-mail address and I keep putting in my old one instead. Dave: I have a different problem. Since I have had an automatic car, I cant remember how to drive my wifes car with its manual gears. Use your knowledge of interference theory to explain Debbies and Daves memory problems. (4 marks) 6. Read the following conversation. Debbie: I have found it really difficult to remember my new e-mail address and I keep putting in my old one instead.

Dave: I have a different problem. Since I have had an automatic car, I cant remember how to drive my wifes car with its manual gears. Use your knowledge of interference theory to explain Debbies and Daves memory problems. (4 marks) [AO1 = 2, AO2 = 2] AO1 Debbie has proactive interference (1). Dave has retroactive interference (1). AO2 1 mark for explaining Debbie has proactive interference because her earlier knowledge is affecting retrieval of her new memory. 1 mark for explaining Dave has retroactive interference because his new information is affecting retrieval of his previous knowledge. (b) Several candidates confused proactive/retroactive interference with

anterograde/retrograde amnesia or applied each type of interference incorrectly to the scenarios. Some candidates focused on whether or not Debbie and Dave had rehearsed the information. 7. Describe one study in which the working memory model was investigated. Indicate why the study was conducted, the method used, the results obtained and the conclusion drawn. (4 marks)

AO1 Likely studies include: Paulescu et al (1993), Logie et al (1989), Robbins et al (1996), Hunt (1980), Brooks (1968), Baddeley, Thomson and Buchanan (1975), Hoosain and Salili (1988), Hulme, Thomson, Muir and Lawrence (1984), Levey, Aldaz, Watts and Coyle (1991), Baddeley et al (1998). 1 mark why the study was conducted (must go beyond the stem) 1 mark information about the method

1 mark indication of results 1 mark indication of a conclusion to be drawn Some candidates provided excellent answers describing dual task studies of working memory with accuracy. Others gave a confused or partially incomplete description, or provided descriptions that related to the multi-store model or levels of processing. As you have seen a wide variety of short answer questions are asked across all of the aspects of the remembering and forgetting part of the spec Your job, as part of your learning is to devise a 2,3 or 4 mark question and a mark scheme which will be used either to test the next revision class or as a

starter to one of our lessons

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Optimality Theory - Portland State University

    Optimality Theory - Portland State University

    The theory was later expanded by Prince and John McCarthy in (2001) Optimality theory is usually considered a development of generative grammar. The fundamentals of OT How OT addresses the following questions:- (1) How are the constraints on the output...
  • Invention: Getting Started With the Writing Process

    Invention: Getting Started With the Writing Process

    Invention: Getting Started With the Writing Process. Keena P. Day, M.A. Victory University. ... The point is to generate ideas on paper, so your pencil must keep moving. If you "block," or grind to a halt, rewrite the title of...
  • Scientific Method - Stevanov's Science

    Scientific Method - Stevanov's Science

    dependent variable. Keeping the same walker throughout makes the walker a . control variable. Step 4: Analyze Data. What does your data show? Step 5: Interpret Data & Draw Conclusion. Does your data support your hypothesis? Hypothesis can't be proven!...
  • Infrastructure Launch 2013 This year the BNSDP Infrastructure

    Infrastructure Launch 2013 This year the BNSDP Infrastructure

    Schools debated over the topic 'Is the grade 12 pass fully dependent on the kind of teacher learners have?' and the Khetha Tsebo Secondary School team took the trophy. The second day of the launch was a festive affair; guests...
  • Peace Through Music In the Spirit of John Paul Chicago 2012

    Peace Through Music In the Spirit of John Paul Chicago 2012

    I notice that instruction is primarily teacher-centered with little or no evidence that differentiation is happening. ... Sr. Marie Michelle Hackett, St. Edward. Teacher Evaluation Committee Members. ... kick-off event at Soldier Field's Midway Club. This ticketed event will be...
  • Unit 3 Outdoor and adventurous activities - BTEC PE

    Unit 3 Outdoor and adventurous activities - BTEC PE

    Unit 3 Outdoor and adventurous activities Risk Assessment TASK 3 - P3 In this task I will produce a risk assessment for surfing Unit 3 Outdoor and adventurous activities Risk Assessment Introduction Use text book Pages 76 - 78 to...
  • Exploring Tools and Techniques for Distributed Continuous ...

    Exploring Tools and Techniques for Distributed Continuous ...

    Exploring Tools and Techniques for Distributed Continuous Quality Assurance Adam Porter [email protected] University of Maryland Quality Assurance for Large-Scale Systems Modern systems increasingly complex Run on numerous platform, compiler & library combinations Have 10's, 100's, even 1000's of configuration options...
  • PROBLEM - Acadia Institute for Data Analytics

    PROBLEM - Acadia Institute for Data Analytics

    Diseases cause $33B in crop loss despite $12B spent on pesticides . With an exponentially growing world population, the agriculture industry must deliver more food with less water and on less farm land. Aerial imaging from drones enable a new...