Jane Eyre - Ms. Dowling Murphy's English

Jane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte Charlotte Bronte Lived at Haworth, a parsonage Mother died of cancer when Charlotte was 5 years old. Was born of Irish ancestry in 1816 Charlottes Religious Views

Father, Patrick Bronte, was an Anglican clergyman Due to her upbringing, she often wrote about religious hypocrisy those who preach one doctrine but live by another The Bronte Sisters

Charlotte had four sisters and one brother. After their mothers death, Bront and her sisters were sent to the Clergy Daughters School. The food was bad

Discipline was harsh Disease was rampant Brontes two older sisters (Maria & Elizabeth) died of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis Tuberculosis was a common killer during the Victorian era. Tuberculosis often destroys its victims lungs, resulting in

a bloody cough. If untreated, sufferers may die of tuberculosis because their lungs are so badly damaged. More on Charlottes Family In 1846, Charlotte & her sisters started publishing poems and began writing novels: The Professor was Charlottes attempt to fictionalize her love for a college professor she had met at Brussels.

In 1847 Wuthering Heights was sister Emilys first success. Charlotte followed with Jane Eyre. Tragedy Strikes 1848: September - Bramwell dies December Emily dies Following May Anne dies (last living sibling) Charlotte is left to care for sick, aging father fights depression

Marriage Bells In 1854 She marries her father's curate, Arthur Bell Nichols. The next year, she became pregnant, then ill. In 1855 - She dies (a

month before her 39th birthday) All in the Family Charlotte Bronte Emily Bronte The Clergy Daughters School at Cowan Bridge would became the model for Lowood, the fictitious girls school in Jane Eyre. Charlotes sisters Anne and Emily Bronte both became successful writers. In 1846, Charlotte & her sisters started publishing poems and began writing novels:

Anne Bronte Branwell Bronte The Professor was Charlottes attempt to fictionalize her love for a college professor she had met at Brussels. In 1847 Wuthering Heights was sister Emilys

first success. Charlotte followed with Jane Eyre. Charlottes brother, Branwell, was a gifted painter. All 3 Bronte Sisters Used a masculine pen name because women writers were not taken seriously at that time in Victorian England. Charlotte used the name Currer Bell. Charlottes Quotes It

is vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquility: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it. If we would build on a sure foundation in friendship, we must love friends for their sake rather than for our own. Schooling During the early 19th century, it became

fashionable to educate females. However, free education was not yet available for either sex. Only the very rich could send their daughters to elegant girls schools Role of the Governess o

o o o With the new stress on female education, governesses were in demand. Pay was poor, but it was one of the only jobs available to educated, yet impoverished young women. Employers & other servants often shunned the

governess because they felt they were putting on airs. Their employers would often ignore them, too, because they had a superior education, which intimidated many people especially men. THE NOVEL Published in October 1847 During the Industrial Revolution Key Facts

All events are told in the past from Janes point of view. The setting is early 19th Century England. Jane Eyre is classified as both a Gothic and a Romantic novel. Charlottes Gothic Influence Jane

Eyre displays some characteristics of the gothic novel: Imprisoned women A heroine who faces danger Supernatural interventions at crucial moments in the plot A romantic reconciliation Jane Eyres Romantic Heritage The

Romantic Movement Came into play in at the end of the 18th Century. Championed for the rights of the individual over the demands of society. Believed that humans were inherently good Valued imagination over reason Inspired by nature Jane Eyre:

A Ground Breaking Novel The heroine is small, plain, & poor The heroine is the first female character to claim the right to feel strongly about her emotions and act on her convictions This romantic ground had

previously been reserved for males Such a psychologically complex heroine had never been created before Jane Eyre Our protagonist Orphaned as a child Becomes governess at Thornfield A feisty young child, who

grows into a strong woman. Embodies the English working-class woman. Will marry . . . . ? Byronic Hero This term is created by the famous poet George Gordon, Lord Byron. Characteristics are Proud

Gloomy Mysterious Passionate *Janes love interest is an example of this type Reed Family Janes family on her fathers side Mrs. Reed is Janes cruel aunt who sends Jane to Lowood; she locks Jane in

the Red Room for punishment John, Eliza, and Georgiana are Janes spoiled cousins; they are rude and selfish; they either torment Jane or ignore her Introduction Jane Eyre is an orphan in 1800s England.

Janes parents died of typhus when she was a baby. Mrs. Reed, her aunt, has agreed to raise her, but she and her three children treat Jane cruelly. Yet, Mrs. Reed expects Jane to be thankful. Jane Eyre: Introduction When Jane tries to stand up for herself,

her aunt is furious. She calls Jane an ungrateful child and sends her away to a boarding school called Lowood. Jane Eyre: Introduction At Lowood the girls . . . sleep two to a bed, get up before dawn, bathe in ice-cold water, get burnt porridge for breakfast, and are taught to suffer in silence. Typhus

Jane Eyres Lowood suffers an outbreak of typhus, a disease that is spread by fleas, ticks, and lice causes headaches, chills, rashes, and fevers that last up to three weeks Both tuberculosis and typhus are diseases associated with crowded, unsanitary conditions.

The threat of catching one of these diseases is a major concern for the characters in Jane Eyre. Social Class Jane often feels inadequate compared to many of the other main characters in the novel. Class segregates Jane from her cousins on both sides, although it is more obvious on the Reed side. Jane feels that her love for ?? (youll see) is wrong because she isnt from the same class. Jane has to compete with a woman who is the class opposite of Jane.

Mother Figures In her search for love, Jane also looks for the mother figure that she missed as a child. Jane finds the characteristics she is looking for in several of the novels characters Red Room The room at Gateshead where Uncle Reed died, and where Jane was locked up to be punished. This punishment haunted Jane for the rest of her life.

Memories of the night in the Red Room occur when Jane is at a crossroads in her life.

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