Intro to Poetry - Weebly

INTRO TO POETRY English 2 WHAT IS IMAGERY? An image is a representation of touch anything we can see taste hear smell

WHAT IS IMAGERY? Imagery is language that appeals to our five senses and creates images in our minds Give me the splendid silent sun, with all his beams full-dazzling; Give me juicy autumnal fruit, ripe and red from the orchard; Give me a field where the unmowd grass grows; Give me an arbor, give me the trellisd grape; from Give Me the Splendid, Silent Sun by Walt Whitman

WHAT IS IMAGERY? Quick Check It must be on charcoal they fatten their fruit. I taste in them sometimes the flavour of soot. And after all really theyre ebony skinned: The blues but a mist from the breath of the wind, A tarnish that goes at a touch of the hand. from Blueberries by Robert Frost To which senses

does this passage appeal? RHYTHM IN POETRY Like music, poetry is based on rhythmthe alternation of stressed and unstressed sounds that makes the voice rise and fall. RHYTHM IN POETRY Poetic rhythm can take the form of

free verse meter a loose kind of a strict rhythm that rhythmic sounds like pattern of natural speech stressed and unstressed syllables in each line METER

In metrical poetry, stressed and unstressed syllables are arranged in a regular pattern. mountain mists, condensing at our voice The

From the keen ice shielding our linkd sleep. Under the moon, had spread their snowy flakes, from Prometheus Unbound by Percy Bysshe Shelley = stressed syllable

= unstressed syllable METER Marking the stressed () and unstressed () syllables of each line is called scanning a poem. The mountain mists, condensing at our voice

the moon, spread their snowy flakes, Under had the keen ice shielding our

linkd sleep. From from Prometheus Unbound by Percy Bysshe Shelley METER Metrical poetry is made up of metrical units called feet. A foot consists of at least one stressed syllable and usually one or more unstressed syllables. Five Metrical Feet

Single-Word Examples iamb insist trochee double anapest dactyl spondee

understand excellent football FREE VERSE Free verse is poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme Never, in all your career of worrying, did you imagine scheme. what worries could occur concerning the flying cat. You are traveling to a distant city.

The cat must travel in a small box with holes. from The Flying Cat by Naomi Shihab Nye Because it is free of metric rules, free verse sounds more like prose or everyday speech than formal poetry. RHYME Rhyme is the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all subsequent sounds in a word. A slumber did my spirit seal; I had no human fears: She seemed a thing that could not feel

The touch of earthly years. from A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal by William Wordsworth RHYME End rhyme is rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines. This knowledge, from an Angel's voice Proceeding, made the heart rejoice from The Pilgrims Dream by William Wordsworth Internal rhyme is rhyme within a line. The sails at noon left off their tune, from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge RHYME

Rhymes may be exact or approximate. In an exact rhyme, In an approximate the words rhyme rhyme, the perfectly. sounds are similar heartstart but not exactly the lightlate flickerthicker same. orderingbordering whisperwinter

bayswaves ALLITERATION AND ONOMATOPOEIA Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in words that appear close together. A long, long yellow on the lawn, A hubbub as of feet; Not audible, as ours to us, But dapperer, more sweet; from A long, long yellow on the lawn by Emily Dickinson ALLITERATION AND

ONOMATOPOEIA Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like what they mean. Here the water went down, the icebergs slid with gravel, the gaps and the valleys hissed from Prairie by Carl Sandburg WHAT IS FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE? Figurative language is language based on some sort of comparison Suzies

endless gossiping droned in our ears like the buzzing of a that is not literally true. bee. = FIGURES OF SPEECH

A figure of speech compares one thing to another, seemingly unlike thing. Three common figures of simile leaves twirled like speech are metaphor dancers on the water personification

the leaves were dancers twirling down the stream leaves danced on the water [End of Section] SIMILE Similes use the word like, as, than, or resembles to compare two seemingly unlike things. A wind comes from the north Blowing little flocks of birds Like spray across the town. from Patience by D. H. Lawrence

[End of Section] METAPHOR Metaphors compare two unlike things without using like, as, than, or resembles. I am soft sift In an hourglass from The Wreck of the Deutschland by Gerard Manley Hopkins METAPHOR Direct metaphors say that

something is something else. My soul is an enchanted boat from Prometheus Unbound by Percy Bysshe Shelley METAPHOR Implied metaphors suggest a comparison between two things instead of stating it directly. He picked up the scent of food from the cafeteria. Stay out of his way. Hes on the prowl for a hot meal. Even single words can contain implied metaphors. Tiger, tiger, burning bright

In the forests of the night from The Tiger by William Blake METAPHOR Extended metaphors are developed over several lines of a literary work. All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances; And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. from As You Like It by William Shakespeare [End of Section]

PERSONIFICATION Personification is a figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or abstract idea is talked about as if it were human. Somewhere the wind-flowers fling their heads back, Stirred by an impetuous wind. from Study by D. H. Lawrence PARALLEL STRUCTURE Parallel Structure is the use of a repeating grammatical structure to show that ideas or words are of equal importance.

Example: Joe likes swimming, diving, and walking. NOT parallel: Joe likes swimming, diving, and to jump. Example: I came, I saw, I conquered. SYMBOLISM Symbolism is the use of something tangible to represent an abstract idea. Example: The mockingbird in To Kill a Mockingbird represents innocence Example: The mockingjay in The Hunger Games represents rebellion HYPERBOLE

Hyperbole is the use of extreme exaggeration to make a point Drowning in my loneliness/How long must I hold my breath So much emptiness inside/I could fill the deepest sea

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