Intro Brief - Navcen

[WATERWAY NAME] WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAY TO BE READY FOR TOMORROW PAWSA SPONSOR INTRODUCTION Welcome Workshop objectives Why you were selected PAWSA 2 AGENDA Day One AM Day Two AM Workshop Overview Discuss and Evaluate Existing Mitigations PAWSA Background Risk Model Definitions Day One PM Day Two PM Discuss and Evaluate Waterway Risks Discuss and Evaluate New Risk Mitigations Evaluate Team Expertise Workshop Critique PAWSA 3 PAWSA BACKGROUND Congressional Mandate to USCG Identify minimum user requirements in consultation with local stakeholders before proposing new VTSs Review private / public partnerships USCG Convenes National Dialog Group Major maritime interests PAWSA 4 NATIONAL DIALOG GROUP Identify mariner

information needs Define a VTS baseline Develop a process for determining where vessel traffic management needs to be improved PAWSA 5 NDG REPORT 1. Involve users & stakeholders 2. Tailor specific actions 3. Address risks Solution Waterway Risk Model PAWSA 6 PAWSA Consistent methodical analytical approach to risk management Understand local issues through local input Identify & quantify risks Evaluate the effectiveness of existing measures Develop future mitigation strategies Credible / defensible Gather info for investment decisions PAWSA 7 PAWSAs COMPLETED Haro Strait / Boundary Pass Sault Ste. Marie Passamaquoddy Lower Columbia River Bay Coos Bay Portland Detroit Boston Chicago Buzzards Bay New York Cincinnati Narragansett Bay Louisville Baltimore San Francisco Hampton Roads St Louis LA/LB Charleston Pascagoula San Diego Berwick Bay Mobile Savannah Port Fourchon Houston / Galveston Anchorage Honolulu Aleutian Islands Torres Strait

PAWSA Tampa Lake Charles Port Arthur Texas City Port Lavaca Corpus Christi Port Everglades Miami Oresund San Juan Ponce 8 PAWSA RESULTS Waterway Risk Model and PAWSA process refined Implementation Guide & workshop reports http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/?pageName=pawsaMain PAWSA 9 WATERWAY RISK MODEL Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water

Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commerical Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic PAWSA Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences 10 Book 1: BASELINE RISK LEVELS Check the block that best describes the condition in this waterway Vessel Conditions Deep Draft Vessel Quality Nearly 100% of the deep draft commercial vessels using the waterway are materially sound and are operated proficiently 90% of the deep draft commercial vessels using the waterway are materially sound and are operated proficiently 80% of the deep draft commercial vessels using the waterway are materially sound and are operated proficiently 70% or less of the deep draft commercial vessels using the waterway are materially sound and are operated proficiently PAWSA 11

Book 2: TEAM EXPERTISE Compare each teams knowledge (level of expertise) about the factors that affect the probability and consequences of marine accidents with that of the other participant teams in this workshop. Please enter in each block the number which best describes each team, where : 1 = 2 = 3 = The team is probably in the UPPER THIRD of all the teams. The team is probably in the MIDDLE THIRD of all the teams. The team is probably in the LOWER THIRD of all the teams. Team / Risk Category 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Consequences Subsequent Consequences PAWSA 12 Book 3: MITIGATION EFFECTIVENESS

Risks / Mitigations Balanced? VESSEL CONDITIONS Deep Draft Vessel Quality Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Small Craft Quality 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No 1 1 1

1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Commercial Traffic Volume of Small Craft Traffic Traffic Mix Congestion PAWSA 13 Book 4: ADDITIONAL INTERVENTIONS RISK CATEGORY Risk Factor Coordination / Planning

____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Voluntary Training ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Rules & Procedures ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Enforcement ____________________ 1 2 3

4 5 6 7 8 9 Nav / Hydro Info ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Radio Communications ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Active Traffic Management ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 Waterway Changes ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Other Actions ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 PAWSA 14 WATERWAY RISK MODEL RISK PROBABILITY PAWSA IMPACT 15 WATERWAY RISK MODEL RISK PROBABILITY IMPACT Vessel Conditions Immediate Consequences

Traffic Conditions Subsequent Consequences Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions PAWSA 16 RISK IDENTIFICATION Define geographic scope of waterway Discuss risk factors in each category Give examples Explain why risk is high or low Offer insights about future trends Evaluate risk levels for each factor PAWSA 17 GEOGRAPHIC SCOPE OF WATERWAY Landmarks Area boundaries PAWSA 18 VESSEL CONDITIONS Deep Draft Vessel Quality Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries

Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Age / maintenance Flag / class society / owner Casualty history Crew nationality(ies) PAWSA 19 VESSEL CONDITIONS Shallow Draft Vessel Quality

PAWSA Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions

Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Vessel operations knowledge Local area experience Language barriers Crew fatigue Maintenance 20 VESSEL CONDITIONS Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health

and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Vessel operations knowledge Local area experience Chronic fatigue syndrome Language issues PAWSA 21 VESSEL CONDITIONS Small Craft Quality

Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials

Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Knowledge of Rules of the Road Awareness of other traffic Inebriation PAWSA 22 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Commercial Traffic Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft

Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Deep draft Shallow draft Commercial Fishing Infrastructure capabilities PAWSA 23 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Volume of Small Craft Traffic Vessel Conditions Traffic

Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources

Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Volume Seasonality Marine events PAWSA 24 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Traffic Mix Single use waterway Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft

Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Multiple use waterway Conflicts PAWSA 25 TRAFFIC CONDITIONS Congestion Density Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions

Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions

Configuration Mobility Economic Times / locations PAWSA 26 LUNCH! PAWSA 27 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Winds Speed Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water

Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Predictability PAWSA 28 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Water Movement River, tidal, & ocean Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent

Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration

Mobility Economic Maximum strength Predictability Seasonality Cross-channel PAWSA 29 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Visibility Restrictions Ability to see Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge

Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic aids to navigation other vessels Fog, rain, snow, smoke, etc. PAWSA 30 NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS Obstructions Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial

Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Affect safe navigation Ice, floating debris, fishing nets, etc.

PAWSA Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences 31 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Visibility Impediments Moored vessels Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality

Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Structures Background lighting Vegetation PAWSA 32 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Dimensions Passing arrangements Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds

Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Channel width & depth Air drafts PAWSA 33

WATERWAY CONDITIONS Bottom Type What do you hit if you touch bottom or run out of the channel? PAWSA Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix

Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic 34 WATERWAY CONDITIONS Configuration Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft

Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Bends Intersections / convergences Small Craft Quality Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Crossing traffic PAWSA 35 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Personnel Injuries Cruise ships Ferries Vessel Conditions

Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic

Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Dinner cruises Large charter fishing vessels PAWSA 36 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Petroleum Discharge Petroleum products Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft

Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Bulk shipments PAWSA 37 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Hazardous Materials Release Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions

Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions

Configuration Mobility Economic Chemical products Bulk shipments PAWSA 38 IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES Mobility Waterway closure Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions

Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Effects on shoreside marine transportation system (MTS) PAWSA 39 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Health and Safety Hazardous cargos Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft

Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic

Population near waterway rural area town / small city large metropolitan area Water supplies PAWSA 40 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Environmental Wetlands / aquatic habitats Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge

Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic Protected / endangered species Water quality sensitivity PAWSA 41 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Aquatic Resources Harvesting for: Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft

Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic

Recreation Subsistence Commercial Amount: Light = 1 species / short season Moderate = 2 - 3 species / long season Heavy = >3 species / year-round PAWSA 42 SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES Economic Effects if waterway is closed PAWSA Vessel Conditions Traffic Conditions Navigational Conditions Waterway Conditions Immediate Subsequent Consequences Consequences Deep Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Commercial Traffic Winds Visibility Impediments Personnel Injuries Health and Safety Shallow Draft Vessel Quality Volume of Small Craft Traffic

Water Movement Dimensions Petroleum Discharge Environmental Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality Traffic Mix Visibility Restrictions Bottom Type Hazardous Materials Release Aquatic Resources Small Craft Quality Congestion Obstructions Configuration Mobility Economic 43 TEAM EXPERTISE Waterway User Stakeholder Regulator PAWSA 44 Book 2: TEAM EXPERTISE Compared to the other participants, each team is: probably in the UPPER THIRD of all the participants probably in the MIDDLE THIRD of all the participants probably in the LOWER THIRD of all the participants with respect to knowledge about: Vessel Conditions Immediate Consequences Traffic Conditions Subsequent Consequences Navigational Conditions

Waterway Conditions PAWSA 45 DAY TWO MORNING 8:30 a.m. 8:45 a.m. Baseline Risk Levels Results 8:45 a.m. 11:30 a.m. Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation 11:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Lunch PAWSA 46 DAY TWO AFTERNOON 12:30 p.m. - 1:00 p.m. Action Planning / Book 3 results 1:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. Additional Interventions Discussion / Evaluation 3:30 p.m. - 3:45 p.m. Workshop Critique Book 4 Results 3:45 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. Workshop Conclusion PAWSA 47

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